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Christmas 2021 Is Now Just a Few Short Weeks Away

Now is the perfect time to choose a wonderful unique gift from The Lanes Armoury, probably the oldest established antique company still trading in Britain, especially as our celebration 20% discount is still running, so you can choose that perfect piece for Christmas, even if it's for yourself!!

Unique, rare and beautiful items, both ancient and modern, are our speciality, and this year we have probably the best and most diverse selection we have ever offered, from Charles Dickens first editions, to a 300,000 year old flint axe, and an original sword once used by a Viking King and over 1000 years old.

So, be sure and certain that anything from us will be the best possible choice you can make this Christmas time. Every item will also be accompanied with our unique, presentation quality, 'Certificate of Authenticity' that will not only fully certify it's genuineness, but it will detail the circumstance of it's origin, and where and when it may have been used in it's specific or generic history. And please be further assured, all gift purchases may be changed after Christmas for any form of suitable alternatives.

Code: 23912


A Spectacular Large Gold Rolex Mystery Watch, With a Diamond & Ruby Bracelet Described as, Possibly, The Most Beautiful, Unique and Elegant Rolex Watch in the World

This would make a very special and most wonderful Christmas present. A unique, bespoke, Rolex ‘mystery’ watch, probably one of the most spectacular ‘statement watches’ to be seen anywhere in the world today, that once belonged to movie legend, Elizabeth Taylor. The Rolex watch movement is hidden within the spectacular, bespoke, gold diamond and ruby set 'belt and buckle' bracelet, and when worn, the watch movement is entirely concealed, and hidden, and must be viewed by simply lifting the end of the belt tab. The current cost of a 1970's Bulgari serpenti 'mystery' watch, the closest equivalent available on the market, is from £60,000 to £170,000. But, we believe, the Bulgari versions have nothing like the beauty of this one.

This extraordinary watch's history;

In the middle of October 1970 Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton arrived in Brighton for the location filming of Burton's latest film, Villain. During the filming they toured the Lanes in Brighton and visited our shop in Prince Albert St. During their hour long visit to our store some extraordinary business was transacted, between Elizabeth and Camilla Hawkins [Mark and David's mother, and wife of their father David] Camilla bought from Elizabeth, this most spectacular custom made, Rolex movement, gold and diamond bracelet 'mystery' watch that Richard had somewhat recently bought for Elizabeth.

It was the culmination of a conversation that Elizabeth had with David and Camilla concerning the purchase of a Hove mansion, that David and Camilla owned that Michael Wilding [a once very famous British actor and another former husband of Elizabeth Taylor] was trying to buy from David Hawkins snr, for Michael Wilding's 'other' ex wife, Susan Wilding. Elizabeth had been asked by Michael to intercede on his behalf and convince David to sell, as, so far he had thus refused to do.

That most curious conversation and negotiation obliquely developed into an entirely disconnected heated discussion between Elizabeth and Richard, concerning a ring that Elizabeth had seen in a neighbouring jewellers in the Brighton Lanes that very day, and that Elizabeth was determined to buy for herself. However, Richard had ‘forbade’ her from buying it. He strongly protested, and loudly argued, that he was the only one allowed to buy her Jewellery, and Elizabeth, took great exception to this affront to her status and independence. Bearing in mind, Elizabeth had, and always was, paid far more for her performances than Richard was for his. Richard’s talent and fame was world renown, but Elizabeth’s was positively stratospheric. This was the uncomfortable element to their relationship that Richard never truly overcame.

In high dudgeon, to his unwanted rebuke, Elizabeth removed her Rolex watch from her wrist, and immediately offered it for sale, and duly sold it, to Camilla, most likely simply in order to frustrate, anger and annoy Richard, and very possibly to also demonstrate her indifference of his opinions and wishes. So, the upshot was, Camilla gained this magnificent watch that October, and subsequently, a few years later, gave it to Mark [her son] as a wedding present, in May 1978.
Mark was in fact present in the shop when the argument between Elizabeth and Richard took place, and thus how the watch was offered and purchased from Elizabeth, within the shop on that grey but significantly eventful October day in 1970. It was, he says, certainly one of the most curious, momentous and unforgettable days he had ever experienced in the shop during the past 50 years. It is certainly not every day one is personally witness to two of the most famous and talented movie stars in the world having a full blown, somewhat high decibel, hour long marital discourse within just a few feet.

Bearing in mind Elizabeth and Richard were true, original ‘superstars’ in the truest sense of the word, world famous through magnificent hard earned and acclaimed talent, not, as is more often the case today, just famous for being famous.

Dame Elizabeth Taylor had another, very similar quality diamond and gold 'Mystery' watch, and she was indeed photographed wearing it on the set of Cleopatra in 1962 [see the gallery photos] It was a Serpent Mystery Watch with a very similar watch encased and hidden within the head of a diamond and gold coiled snake, acting as its bracelet, made by Bulgari. That watch was sold in December 2011 for over $974,500, however it did have the benefit of a photograph of Elizabeth wearing it, and so far we have never found a photograph of Elizabeth wearing this far superior example. It was said that to custom hand-make and replicate this unique, finest quality gold, diamond and ruby bracelet watch, with the manual 'fold-out' movement by Rolex, would likely cost over a million dollars today.
Over the past near 40 years we have combed the world of photographs of Elizabeth Taylor to find her wearing it, sadly without success, and when she created her magnificent book on her world famous jewel collection it was thirty years after this magnificent Rolex had been sold.
A photo in the gallery is of Richard and Elizabeth arriving at Brighton Station on the 16th October 1970, she may well have been wearing it then, but her arms are obscured by her jaguar print pant suit. We also show views from her famous jewel collection book,' Elizabeth Taylor, My Love Affair With Jewellery' published in 2002, that we also include with the watch. The watch is being sold in part to benefit Mark and Judy's [Mark's late wife] favourite charities, the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, and The Guide Dogs for The Blind Association. 10.5 inches long x 1.4 inches wide at the buckle, 130.8 grams. Bears Swiss .750 hallmark 24 diamonds and 40 rubies. There was once a small personal calling card with it from Elizabeth that doubled as it's receipt, but sadly it was lost many decades ago.

After meeting on the set of Cleopatra in the early '60s, actress Elizabeth Taylor (1932-2011) and actor Richard Burton (1925-1984) began one of the most publicized and turbulent love stories of all time, captivating millions with their on-again, off-again relationship. Despite the drama, they shared a love that was deep and fierce, the kind of love that can often be as destructive as it is beautiful. According to TIME, Burton admitted he was making movies due to his desire for money, not a love for the art. However, he thought quite highly of his talented wife. He once wrote, "You are probably the best actress in the world, which, combined with your extraordinary beauty, makes you unique. When, as an actress, you want to be funny, you are funnier than W.C. Fields; when, as an actress, you are meant to be tragic, you are tragic."
We recommend this watch is professionally serviced before wearing, which we can undertake if required. Over the decades we have sold many watches, of course, mostly of a military nature, but we have never seen another watch so beautiful as this. A true work of the finest object d'art as well as a piece of useful and functional jewellery. It will be accompanied with a signed statement from Mark Hawkins detailing its full story, but sadly there is no longer any surviving paperwork from Elizabeth Taylor.
However, if one wished for Rolex to create such a fabulous bespoke watch today it would very likely cost up to a million pounds.
We offer it set within a fine Cartier watch box .

Another photo in the gallery is of Elizabeth's other 'Mystery Watch' by Bulgari, which she was photographed wearing on the set of Cleopatra. It sold in 2011 for $974,500.

The bespoke watch case and bracelet of our watch was likely originally custom made for Elizabeth by an exclusive, finest Parisian or Swiss jeweller, such as, for example, Van Cleef & Arpels or Boucheron, and was then fitted with its fold-out ‘hidden’ Rolex movement.

Code: 22793

180000.00 GBP

Shortlist item
A Scarce Pattern of Imperial German 121st infantry Officers Sword XIII Royal Wurtemberg Corps

Bronze hilt with folding guard. Overall very nice condition and beautiful regimental markings to hilt and scabbard. Made by Gebruder Wayersberg of Solingen. Scabbard bottom section lacking. Potentially used by a Wurttemberg officer who knew or fought with another Wurttemberg officer at the same time, Erwin Rommel. On mobilization in 1914, the corps was subordinated to the 5th Army and saw action on the Western Front. It was transferred to the 6th Army during the Race to the Sea. In October 1914, the corps headquarters formed Corps Fabeck, which by the end of the month had become a provisional army group, commanding XV Corps, II Bavarian Corps and Corps Urach. In November, the XIII Army Corps was transferred from the 6th Army to the 9th Army on the Eastern Front. By 1916, the corps had returned to the Western Front and was subordinated to the 4th Army under Army Group Crown Prince Rupprecht. From April 1917 to March 1918, the corps commanded Group Caudry, another provisional command. In September 1918, it took over command of Group Ebene under Army Group Duke Albrecht of Württemberg, and commanded Group Ebene until war's end.

It was still in existence at the end of the war in Armee-Abteilung C, Heeresgruppe Gallwitz on the Western Front.

Württemberg mountain battalion

In 1915 a Württemberg mountain battalion was also formed, on drafts from the Württemberg line regiments, which became a part of the Alpenkorps division in 1917. This was the unit in which the young Erwin Rommel distinguished himself on the Romanian and Italian fronts, winning the Pour le Mérite (Imperial German equivalent of the Victoria Cross) at the Batlle of the Isonzo in 1917. Erwin Rommel was undoubtedly one of the finest generals of the Second World War, his strategic mind and patient approach led his men to victory after victory early in the war. But, while his fame and glory came as a General and Field Marshal, it was as a Lieutenant in the First World War that he earned his greatest honor.

Rommel started out the war in command of a reserve artillery company but immediately transferred to the 124th Wurtemberg Infantry regiment. By the middle of August 1914, he was in contact with the French, and showed his daring and genius in combat. The II Battalion, to which Rommel’s platoon was attached, halted at Bleid, a small French farming town. They sent out scouting parties, testing the various hedgerows and farms for French resistance.

Taking just three men from his platoon Rommel advanced to the edge of the town, where they found 15 French soldiers taking a nervous breakfast in the dense fog. Rather than retrieving his full platoon and assaulting, Rommel gave the order to open fire, and this four man party scattered the French troops, killing 5 of them. After receiving a stiff bout of rifle fire in response, he and his men returned to their platoon, then advanced with the rest of the battalion.

Code: 23897

425.00 GBP

Shortlist item
A Very Good Gew 98 1905 Pattern German Mauser Bayonet Ohne Soge of WW1

Made by the Mauser war production factory in Obendorf. Dated 1916, the height of the notorious trench warfare era. With traditional 'butcher' blade, date stamped 1916. Designed to fit the Mauser Gew 98 rifle. The Seitengewehr 98/05 was introduced into the the Prussian army in late 1905, as a replacement for the 98/02 for engineers and pioneer troops, as the 98/02 was deemed to long and heavy for it's intended purpose. Initial production was in two versions, the first plain backed, and the second with 29 double teeth. The scabbard was leather with steel throat and chape mounts, later changed to all steel that was better for trench warfare combat. The bayonet as typical of German blades did not have more than a vestigial muzzle ring, relying on the length of the hilt mounting to fix the blade to its rifle. The plain back version was identified as the S98/05 or S98/05 o.S. (ohne Soge - without saw) and the saw back as the S98/05 S or m.S. (mit Soge - with saw). The overall condition is good, with wooden grips, and denting to principally one side of the scabbard. Likely defensive dents due to trench combat. Overall 20.5 inches long, blade length 14.5 inches. no scabbard

Code: 23905

185.00 GBP

Shortlist item
A Most Incredible and Intriguing European Art Deco Bronze Table Lamp, Decorated With the Subject of a Prisoner in an Ancient Chinese 'Cangue' Torture Device Beneath a Lamp

A seated figure with the torture block of a Chinese 'cangue' . Likely designed from small portable carved wooden figures purchased and brought back to Europe by travellers to the Treaty Port of Ningbo in China, sometime in the early 20th century. The European fascination with all things oriental, from the exotic east, has influenced western art considerably for centuries, and it is frequently known as Chinoiserie Art, although the depiction of Chinese torture implements was somewhat niche, but they were especially popular, and depicted in decorative art, paintings, prints and sculpture. But this is the first time we have seen an old rendition of one in the form of a beautiful bronze table lamp. This very nice quality and fascinating piece of object d'art in bronze and enamel painted glass, is one of those incredible creations. This kind of tortuous affair using the cangue was usually unique to the far east from the ancient period up to relatively modern times. In fact the legendary Genghis Khan himself was imprisoned in such a terrible device when he was captured by another mongol leader as a youth before he grew into becoming the world greatest conqueror.
the bronze is signed at the reverse base, the front lamp base bears Chinese script, as does the cangue panel around the prisoners neck, which often details the prisoner's crimes, and the French bronze founder's label is on the underneath.
Although there are many different forms, a typical cangue would consist of a large, heavy flat board with a hole in the centre large enough for a person's neck. The board consisted of two pieces. These pieces were closed around a prisoner's neck, and then fastened shut along the edges by locks or hinges. The opening in the centre was large enough for the prisoner to breathe and eat, but not large enough for a head to slip through. The prisoner was confined in the cangue for a period of time as a punishment. The size and especially weight were varied as a measure of severity of the punishment. The Great Ming Legal Code (大明律) published in 1397 specified that a cangue should be made from seasoned wood and weigh 25, 20 or 15 jīn (roughly 20–33 lb or 9–15 kg) depending on the nature of the crime involved. Often the cangue was large enough that the prisoner required assistance to eat or drink, as his hands could not reach his own mouth, or even lie down. The word "cangue" is French, from the Portuguese "canga," which means yoke, the carrying tool has also been used to the same effect, with the hands tied to each arm of the yoke. Frequently translated as pillory, it was similar to that European punishment except that the movement of the prisoner's hands was not as rigorously restricted and that the board of the cangue was not fixed to a base and had to be carried around by the prisoner. the condition overall is very good, the lamp has four hand painted enamel glass panels but the interior somewhat concealed one has been long past repaired in the mid section 13.5 inches high x 7 inches deep, x 3.2 inches wide. If one wishes to use it for illumination once more It will need safely rewiring to approved standards, what remains of any past wiring should not be used under any circumstances.

Code: 23902

645.00 GBP

Shortlist item
Fabulous 'Black Museum' Piece, Sheepskin Driving Gloves of The Most Notorious Dr Adams Who Incredibly Escaped Conviction in England's Greatest Murder Trial, Suspected of Murdering Up to 162 Patients

Acquired from the estate of the most notorious Dr John Bodkin Adams A.K.A.: "Doctor Death"
The infamous yet unproven [therefore most successful] serial killer poisoner - John Bodkin Adams (21 January 1899 – 4 July 1983). Probably England's most prolific serial killer prior to Dr Shipman. His extraordinary acquittal at his murder trial was described as a travesty of justice, and highly suspicious due to suspected corruption and interference. The prosecution was subject to a demand for a professional inquiry.

He was a British general practitioner, convicted fraudster, and suspected serial killer. Between 1946 and 1956, 163 of his patients died while in comas, which was deemed to be worthy of investigation. In addition, 132 out of 310 patients had left Adams money or items in their wills. He was thus believed to be Britain's richest doctor.
Adams' first trial was received worldwide press coverage and was described as "one of the greatest murder trials of all time" and "murder trial of the century".The trial also had several important legal ramifications. It established the doctrine of double effect, whereby a doctor giving treatment with the aim of relieving pain may lawfully, as an unintentional result, shorten life. Secondly, because of the publicity surrounding Adams' committal hearing, the law was changed to allow defendants to ask for such hearings to be held in private. Finally, although a defendant had not been required within recorded legal history to give evidence in his own defence, the judge underlined in his summing-up that no prejudice should be attached by the jury to Adams not doing so. Scotland Yard's files on the case were initially closed to the public for 75 years.

The circumstantial evidence against him was extraordinary, but most was not brought into evidence. For example, on just one occasion he booked an appointment for a pathologist to perform an autopsy on his patient who was not even dead.

The first two of his highly suspicious and suspected murders were wealthy Eastbourne residents, Gertrude Hullet.and Edith Morell
Edith Alice Morrell was a patient of Dr Adams who had been partially paralysed after suffering a stroke. Adams supplied her with a cocktail of heroin and morphine to ease her discomfort, insomnia and symptoms of ‘cerebral irritation’ that was a condition of her illness.

However, three months before Morrell’s death on November 13th, 1949, she added a clause to her will stating that Adams was to receive nothing. Despite this clause Dr Adams, who maintained that Morrell had died from natural causes, still received a small amount of money, cutlery and a Rolls Royce.

The second alleged victim of Dr Adams did not occur until seven years after Mrs Morrell had died. Gertrude Hullett was another patient of Dr Adams who fell ill and then into unconsciousness. Despite not even being dead, Dr Adams called a local pathologist, Francis Camps, to make an appointment for an autopsy. When Camps realised that Hullett was still alive he accused Adams of ‘extreme incompetence’.

On July 23rd, 1956, Gertrude Hullett died and Adams recorded the cause of death as having been the result of a brain haemorrhage. An official investigation however, arrived at the conclusion that she had committed suicide. Camps argued that she had been poisoned with sleeping pills. Like Mrs Morrell before her, Hullett left several valuable items to Dr Adams including a Rolls Royce.
After years of rumours and Adams having been mentioned in at least 132 wills of his patients, on 23 July 1956 Eastbourne police received an anonymous call about a death. It was from Leslie Henson, the music hall performer, whose friend Gertrude Hullett had died unexpectedly while being treated by Adams.

The investigation

The investigation was taken over from Eastbourne police by 2 officers from the Metropolitan Police's Murder Squad. The senior officer, Detective Superintendent Herbert Hannam of Scotland Yard on 17 August was known for having solved the infamous Teddington Towpath Murders in 1953. He was assisted by a junior officer, Detective Sergeant Charles Hewett. The investigation focused on cases from 1946-1956 only. Of the 310 death certificates examined by Home Office pathologist Francis Camps, 163 were deemed to be suspicious. Many were given "special injections" - of substances Adams refused to describe to the nurses caring for his patients. Furthermore, it emerged that his habit was to ask the nurses to leave the room before injections were given.
On another, he told a nurse ‘it will only be a matter of minutes before she dies’, even though his patient had only been complaining of stomach ache before he injected her.

Another nurse remembered going into an elderly patient’s bedroom to find her freezing to death by an open window in February with her nightgown pulled up, while Dr Adams sat reading a book.

‘I am quite confident Adams is a mass-murderer,’ said the detective in charge of the investigation.

‘He has certainly killed 14 people.’

Code: 23901

1900.00 GBP

Shortlist item
Just Arrived, Wonderful Pieces of Historical Interest, Including, A Superb Original Naval Ship Artifact & Another Unique Item For Any Fine ‘Infamous Crime Museum’ Collection

Over the past 50 years, as one of Britain’s foremost historical artefact specialists, we have been known to actively seek, and thus acquire, some highly intriguing and fascinating pieces and artefacts from notorious and historical events of recorded history.

For just a small example, a few years ago we had a medal awarded to one of the policeman who was part of the Jack the Ripper investigation in Limehouse, We also had a medal that had been awarded during his early and seemingly respectable life, to one of the most notorious, [later executed] villains of American history from its recent times. We obtained that piece through his mother.

We had a medal, awarded in South America by proxy, to one of the most wanted SS men of WW2, for heinous crimes in the name of the Third Reich . who ironically, later became a double agent in Syria for Mossad.

And Mark, unbeknownst to him, knew very well Edith Tudor-Hart as a fellow dealer in Brighton who was known in Intelligence circles as ‘The Fifth Man’ despite being a woman, and later exposed, though strangely, never punished. She was a notorious spy of the infamous Cambridge spy ring. Her Soviet code name was particularly ironic, for it was ‘Edith’, which was also her given name in her regular public life. She was involved in the recruitment for Stalin’s spy network, the most infamous British traitors and swine, Guy Burgess, Kim Philby and Donald Maclean. She retired to an antique shop near us and became a respected and specialist antique dealer in the 1960’s and 70’s She died of stomach cancer on the 12th of May 1973. Mark still has some items he acquired from her in 1970, including her Sherry decanter which she kept for guests . Mark likes to presume , that maybe, Philby, Burgess or Maclean imbibed from it, for, although they were swinish traitors of the worst possible kind, they were none the less intriguing for that.

We have at the moment a magnificent surgeon’s instrument set, that was made and used by one of Queen Victoria’s personal doctors in the late 19th century. He was interviewed as a suspect in the Jack the Ripper case, as were all her personal surgeons. It is a matter of record that the Ripper was never caught, so there is no way to know if this man was indeed in any way connected at all to the Ripper murders, but nonetheless, it is an intriguing possibility and thought. However, it is most likely these instruments were indeed used in the treatment of Queen Victoria and or members of the royal family, so it is a most interesting set of instruments in that respect alone.

A few years ago we donated an item that is now part of the Black Museum exhibits in New Scotland Yard’s Museum of Crime. We cannot go into specific details as to what the item was, but it was connected to a fascinating relic of the IRA conflict in the UK. And we still have the most kind and generous ‘thank you’ letter from New Scotland Yard

Code: 23898


A Fascinating Most Rare Original Election Propaganda Poster of a Post WW1 German Political Party That Was Absorbed Into The Nazi NSDAP German National People’s Party. Designed by Richard Müller, Chemnitz.

A Reichstag election poster of the German National People's Party.

Wohin die fahrt?
nach nationaler einheit u freiheit
wahlt deutschnational

Where are you going?
according to national unity and freedom
elect a German national

The German National People's Party (German: Deutschnationale Volkspartei, DNVP) was a national-conservative party in Germany during the Weimar Republic. Before the rise of the Nazi Party, it was the major conservative and nationalist party in Weimar Germany. It was an alliance of nationalists, reactionary monarchists, völkisch and antisemitic elements supported by the Pan-German League After 1929, the DNVP co-operated with the socialist Nazis, joining forces in the Harzburg Front of 1931, forming coalition governments in some states and finally supporting Hitler's appointment as Chancellor (Reichskanzler) in January 1933. Initially, the DNVP had a number of ministers in Hitler's government, several prominent Nazis began their careers in the DNVP., but the party quickly lost influence and eventually dissolved itself in June 1933, giving way to the Nazis' single-party dictatorship, the majority of its former members joining the Nazi party. The Nazis allowed the remaining former DNVP members in the Reichstag, the civil service, and the police to continue with their jobs and left the rest of the party membership generally in peace
During the Second World War, several prominent former DNVP members, such as Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, were involved in the German resistance against the Nazis and took part in the 20 July assassination plot against Hitler in 1944. Approx size A4.

Code: 23896

220.00 GBP

Shortlist item
A German Cross of Honour For Front Line Combatants Medal & Award Certificate signed by the NSDAP Oberburgomeister of Herford Freiderich 'Fritz' Kliem in 1935

Fritz Kliem, NSDAP Oberburgermeister served from May 1st 1933 to April 2 1945, until he died in a British Internment camp in December 1945. He was appointed by his political friend Gauleiter Alfred Meyer
Fritz Kleim NSDAP Lord Mayor
On May 1, 1933, he joined the National Socialist German Workers' Party . In 1933 he became Lord Mayor of the then independent city or the urban district of Herford in the East Westphalian part of the Prussian province of Westphalia . His appointment was largely due to Gauleiter Alfred Meyer .

Kleim began to study law at the University of Jena . In 1908 he was reciprocated in the Corps Franconia Jena . 1 As Inactive he moved to the University of Marburg . After the exams and the preparatory service , he was first mayor of Soest . On May 1, 1933, he joined the National Socialist German Workers' Party . In 1933 he became Lord Mayor of the then independent city or the urban district of Herford in the East Westphalian part of the Prussian province of Westphalia . His appointment was largely due to Gauleiter Alfred Meyer . From August 1, 1933, Kleim was initially only provisional in the mayor's office; his term of office, which was scheduled for twelve years, officially began on May 22, 1934. His predecessor as mayor was Ernst Althaus , who's only in 1928 started scheduled for twelve years term after the seizure of power could not lead to the end of the Nazi Party. When the district administrator of the Herford district , Erich Hartmann, became district administrator in the Bielefeld district , Kleim also held office from December 1944 until the end of the Nazi stateas provisional district administrator in the Herford district. From August 1, 1943 to May 30, 1944, he also acted together with Hartmann as provisional district administrator in the Minden district . From November 30, 1944, the government assessor Ulrich Kleibömer from the Bielefeld district office took over the official business of the Herford mayor's office. After the surrender of the Wehrmacht in Ravensberger Land, Kleim was replaced by a successor appointed by the Control Commission for Germany / British Element . He died in British internment. Heinrich Tiemann succeeded him briefly in the office of Lord Mayor of Herford on April 5, 1945, although after about two months he had already passedFriedrich Holzapfel was replaced. Friedrich von Laer followed him as District Administrator of the Herford district .Gustav Alfred Julius Meyer[1] (5 October 1891 in Göttingen – 11 April 1945 in Hessisch Oldendorf) was a Nazi official. He joined the Nazi party in 1928 and was the Gauleiter of North Westphalia from 1931 to 1945, the Oberpräsident of the Province of Westphalia from 1938 to 1945 and the Reichsstatthalter of Lippe and Schaumburg-Lippe from 1933 to 1945.

By the time of his death at the end of World War II in Europe, he was a State Secretary and Deputy Reichsminister in the Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories (Reichministerium für die Besetzten Ostgebiete or Ostministerium). He represented the ministry with Georg Leibbrandt in the Wannsee Conference.

Meyer committed suicide in April 1945. Most intriguing original Third Reich medal and award document with interesting history. Both in superb condition

Code: 23895

95.00 GBP

Shortlist item
For The Collectors of Original WW2 Home Guard Memorabilia The 11th City of London Home Guard Solid Silver Challenge Shooting Cup

A superb looking and sizeable solid silver trophy, and out of interest it is near identical to the US Open Women's Trophy won by Emma Raducanu in September 21. The 11th City of London [Dagenham] Home Guard, Battalion Inter-Company Miniature Range Cup. Hallmarked silver. Wartime competition dated, with company winners, from 1943 to 1944. Its most notable member was Major William Thomas Forshaw VC

The Home Guard (initially Local Defence Volunteers or LDV) was an armed citizen militia supporting the British Army during the Second World War. Operational from 1940 to 1944, the Home Guard had 1.5 million local volunteers otherwise ineligible for military service, such as those who were too young or too old to join the regular armed services (regular military service was restricted to those aged 18 to 41) and those in reserved occupations. Excluding those already in the armed services, the civilian police or civil defence, approximately one in five men were volunteers. Their role was to act as a secondary defence force in case of invasion by the forces of Nazi Germany.

The Home Guard were to try to slow down the advance of the enemy even by a few hours to give the regular troops time to regroup. They were also to defend key communication points and factories in rear areas against possible capture by paratroops or fifth columnists. A key purpose was to maintain control of the civilian population in the event of an invasion, to forestall panic and to prevent communication routes from being blocked by refugees to free the regular forces to fight the Germans. The Home Guard continued to man roadblocks and guard the coastal areas of the United Kingdom and other important places such as airfields, factories and explosives stores until late 1944, when they were stood down. They were finally disbanded on 31 December 1945, eight months after Germany's surrender.

Men aged 17 to 65 years could join, although the upper age limit was not strictly enforced. Service was unpaid but gave a chance for older or inexperienced soldiers to support the war effort. Small dent repair being attended to, this fabulous piece with be available shortly

Code: 23892


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