WW1 / WW2 / 20th Century

352 items found
A Most Rare Original WW2 German Hertz Horn MineTrigger

A Most Rare Original WW2 German Hertz Horn MineTrigger

Made in lead alloy a tube that was filled with glass liners containing bio chromatic chemicals in order to break upon contact and ignite the mine in order to sink the allied ship.

Used on such as the German Type GZ (the German designation was UMA). It had a small charge of only 66 pounds of high explosive because it was intended as an anti-submarine mine. Anti-shipping mines had much larger charges.

Inert and completely safe.  read more

Code: 18303

145.00 GBP

An Exceptional Condition, German, 1936 Regulation Pattern  Polizei /SS Degan By Clemen & Jung,

An Exceptional Condition, German, 1936 Regulation Pattern Polizei /SS Degan By Clemen & Jung,

One of the nicest condition examples we have seen it quite a while, It would be most difficult to find a better looking example.

Silver plated steel regulation pattern degan hilt, with black ribbed grip, bound with silver wire, and with it's original inset badge of the Third Reich German Police, and an officer's version of extended pommel. Blade maker marked by Clemen & Jung, Solingen.
The Police and the SS officers shared this common pattern of sword from 1936 onwards. Although a solely serving SS officer may have a sigrunen rune badged hilt to his sword, a Police or combined Police/SS officer may have the Police badged hilt. The Ordnungspolizei was separate from the SS and maintained a system of insignia and Orpo ranks. It was possible for policemen to be members of the SS but without active duties. Police generals who were members of the SS were referred to simultaneously by both rank titles during the war. For instance, a Generalleutnant in the Police who was also an SS member would be referred to as SS Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei. In addition, those Orpo police generals that undertook the duties of both Senior SS and Police Leader (Höhere SS und Polizeiführer) gained equivalent Waffen-SS ranks in August 1944 when Himmler was appointed Chef der Ersatzheeres (Chief of Home Army), because they had authority over the prisoner-of-war camps in their area.

Heinrich Himmler's ultimate aim was to replace the regular police forces of Germany with a combined racial/state protection corps (Staatsschutzkorps) of pure SS units. Local law enforcement would be undertaken by the Allgemeine-SS with the Waffen-SS providing homeland-security and political-police functions. Historical analysis of the Third Reich has revealed that senior Orpo personnel knew of Himmler's plan and were opposed to it. Very good blade, good scabbard with no denting some paint wear. Very good bright hilt, with light natural age wear.  read more

Code: 23336

1475.00 GBP

A German Army Third Reich Period, Officers Sword By Eikhorn of Solingen

A German Army Third Reich Period, Officers Sword By Eikhorn of Solingen

Doves head pommel with acorn leaf engraved p hilt, acorn leaf engraved backstrap and eagle and swastika langet. A gilded alloy hilt and the gilding is surface flaking with age. Swords made in the closing years up to the war tended to have alloy hilts [as opposed to brass or steel earlier on] that was then over gilded with thin pure gold. The blade is excellent and the steel blackened scabbard has no denting. The German Army (German: Heer, was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the German armed forces, from 1935 to 1945. The Wehrmacht also included the Kriegsmarine (Navy) and the Luftwaffe (Air Force). During World War II, a total of about 15 million soldiers served in the German Army, of whom about seven million became casualties. Separate from the army, the Waffen-SS (Armed SS) was a multi-ethnic and multi-national military force of the Third Reich. Growing from three regiments to over 38 divisions during World War II, it served alongside the army but was never formally part of it.

Only 17 months after Hitler announced publicly the rearmament program, the Army reached its projected goal of 36 divisions. During the autumn of 1937, two more corps were formed. In 1938, four additional corps were formed with the inclusion of the five divisions of the Austrian Army after the Anschluss in March. During the period of its expansion by Adolf Hitler, the German Army continued to develop concepts pioneered during World War I, combining ground (Heer) and air (Luftwaffe) assets into combined arms teams. Coupled with operational and tactical methods such as encirclements and the "battle of annihilation", the German military managed quick victories in the two initial years of World War II, prompting the use of the word Blitzkrieg (literally lightning war, meaning lightning-fast war) for the techniques used.

The German Army entered the war with a majority of its infantry formations relying on the horse for transportation. The infantry remained foot soldiers throughout the war; artillery also remained primarily horse-drawn. The motorized formations received much attention in the world press in the opening years of the war, and were cited as the main reason for the success of the German invasions of Poland (September 1939), Norway and Denmark (April 1940), Belgium, France and Netherlands (May 1940), Yugoslavia (April 1941) and the early campaigns in the Soviet Union (June 1941). However their motorized and tank formations accounted for only 20% of the Heer's capacity at their peak strength.  read more

Code: 23075

725.00 GBP

A Very Rare WW1 German Airship Bataillon 'Luftschiffer' Regt. Nr.1 Officer’s Sword, of the Elite Imperial German Kaiser's Zeppelin and Airship Guarde Infantry, Only The Second We Have Seen in 30 Years

A Very Rare WW1 German Airship Bataillon 'Luftschiffer' Regt. Nr.1 Officer’s Sword, of the Elite Imperial German Kaiser's Zeppelin and Airship Guarde Infantry, Only The Second We Have Seen in 30 Years

Probably one of the rarest German swords available, from the iconic German Zeppelin force of WW1. A duluxe quality blade bearing the Luftschiffer Battalion no 1, a Luftschiffer observation balloon and the Imperial German Kaiser's Garter Star symbol, plus a troop of horses pulling the balloon limber. Airship Battalion officer's swords are so rare as to be virtually unavailable, we have only seen one other in the past 40 years or so. We have not even heard or seen of another example in over 30 years. The German Airship Battalions were a small yet vital part of the Kaiser's Imperial German war machine. It was a mix of old and new technology that created the amazing new air services which in turn resulted in the iconic and hugely successful psychological warfare, of the highly feared and indomitable, so called, Hun in the Sky. The very beginning of true aerial warfare as we know it today. Some of the most famous stories of the war were based around the German Airships Zeppelins and the like and their continued use by Hitler's Third Reich right up to the late 1930's as can be seen, impressively and incredibly depicted, in the third of the Indiana Jones movies shows just how important they were considered. Any souvenirs or militaria from those early services are incredibly sought after, and very scarce indeed. All the weaponry connected with those services are particularly rare and very highly prized. At the start of World War I the Imperial German Army had five Luftschiffer (airship) battalions and one airship company. They were used as frontline observation posts and the larger ships as long range bombers. Fatalities of the crews were very high indeed due to their vulnerability. This sword is the best you could possibly hope for, as, not only does it have a deluxe etched blade, with two blued panels regimentally marked for the Luftschiffer Battalion No1, It also bears the Imperial Garter Star to represent this battalion was part of the Guard Infantry. The most elite part of the Imperial German armed forces, based in Berlin and assigned to the front lines in France and Belgium. The Luftschiffer became the backbone of German aerial warfare in the first years of the War, conducting reconnaissance flights as well as the first bombings of cities, including Paris and London.

Upon the outbreak of World War I, the Luftschifftruppe numbered around 20–25 zeppelins in service. The Luftschifftruppe began aerial surveillance early on in Belgium and France, but often came under fire by anti-aircraft guns. Because of their slow speed, they were very vulnerable. After three Zeppelins were shot down in the first month alone, the Luftschiffer were switched to naval surveillance, observing British ship movements, in which capacity they played a decisive role in the Battle of Jutland. Tests were done of dropping bombs from Zeppelins in order to increase their potential. Zeppelins had a typical carrying capacity of almost 9 metric tons, making them useful enough for this operation. Following the Christmas truce, Kaiser Wilhelm II approved of the Luftschifftruppe's bombing of England. On January 19, 1915, the first bombs fell over Britain, when two Zeppelins dropped 50 kg explosives on villages outside Great Yarmouth. Five people died in the first raid; 18 more raids that year would end in almost 900 casualties. Following the terror, the British government began taking measures to stop the bombings. Anti-aircraft guns were set up all over south-eastern England, as well as spotlights for night time.

The bombings in 1916 were more intense than in 1915. After an accidental bomb-dropping on London, the Kaiser approved of raids directly against the city's urban center. Twenty-three raids on London resulted in around 1,800 casualties. Despite safety precautions, civilians were still unprepared for the raids and zeppelins were still able to avoid defenses. By 1917 and 1918 the threat the Luftschifftruppe posed to London was diminished. Large-scale introduction of fighter planes caused nearly half of the planned bombings to end in failure. Only eleven successful raids occurred in the last year of the war. Nearly 80 zeppelins had been built for the Luftschifftruppe during the war; around 60 of them were shot down, including Peter Strasser's own zeppelin, with himself on board. The hilt is plated steel with wire bound fishskin grip. A blackened steel scabbard with slight denting.  read more

Code: 23637

5450.00 GBP

A WW1,  Imperial German Prussian Officer's Sword, 1889 Pattern, with Kaiser Willhelm PIerced Crest to the Grip and Prussian Eagle Folding Guard

A WW1, Imperial German Prussian Officer's Sword, 1889 Pattern, with Kaiser Willhelm PIerced Crest to the Grip and Prussian Eagle Folding Guard

Double fullered straight blade, and all steel combat scabbard. Original black grip with triple wire binding Overall in very good condition with slight paint losses to the scabbard and plate wear on the blade, but this is to be expected and was was used in most uncomfortable circumstances in the trenches of WW1.

The Infantry Officer Degen 89 has a fixed, decorative, semi-basket guard, whereas private purchase version often had folding guards. The guard contains a Prussian Eagle and this, or the royal cypher of Kaiser Willhelm II, was usually applied to the grip

Despite the blackening of the scabbard and the optional inclusion of a 'Fingerschlauf', a leather loop for inserting the fingers when holding the sword in a thrusting position, suggest the sword could have been used on active service

Many of these swords were also used in the 3rd Reich by veteran officers serving in WW2. Numerous Vintage photographs of WW2 German Officers show them wearing this pattern of sword.

Prussians were the dominant force in the new state of Germany, but it was their King, Kaiser Wilhelm II, an impetuous, impatient man, who effectively globalised the First World War (by joining the Austrian declaration of war on Serbia after the assassination of Franz Ferdinand) because he thought the English and French were seeking his annihilation. That was the beginning of the end for Prussia; the Kaiser abdicated at the end of the war, and the Prussian state was abolished by the Nazis.

So while there’s no place called Prussia any more, the word ‘Prussian’ is still out there in general useage, but has become more generic, used to describe someone good at giving and obeying orders, being punctual, proper, disciplined, punctual, and honest. As well as rather blinkered, inflexible and unimaginative.  read more

Code: 24870

645.00 GBP

A Very Good German 1900's & WW1 Porcelain Zeppelin Plate Warmer

A Very Good German 1900's & WW1 Porcelain Zeppelin Plate Warmer

Items made in Germany with representations of the pre war and WW1 Zeppelin airships are scarce and much sought after. This is a most unusual very early piece of very nice quality, but also a funtional piece of finest German porcelain. The best-known German strategic bombing campaign during World War I was the campaign against England, although strategic bombing raids were carried out or attempted on other fronts. The main campaign against England started in January 1915 using airships. From then until the end of World War I the German Navy and Army Air Services mounted over 50 bombing raids on the United Kingdom. These were generally referred to as "Zeppelin raids": although both Zeppelin and Sch?tte-Lanz airships were used, the Zeppelin company was much better known and was responsible for producing the vast majority of the airships used. Weather conditions and night flying conditions made airship navigation and therefore bombing accuracy difficult. Bombs were often dropped miles off target (one raid on London actually bombed Hull) and accurate targeting of military installations was impossible. The civilian casualties made the Zeppelins an object of hatred, and they were widely dubbed ?baby-killers?. With the development of effective defensive measures the airship raids became increasingly hazardous, and in 1917 the airships were largely replaced by aeroplanes.

Although the direct military effect of the raids was small, they caused widespread alarm, leading to the diversion of substantial resources from the Western Front and some disruption to industrial production. Concern about the conduct of defence against the raids, the responsibility for which was divided between the Admiralty and the Army, led to a parliamentary inquiry under Jan Smuts, whose report was to lead to the creation of the Royal Air Force on 1 April 1918. The defence organisation developed by the British was an important precursor of the fighter direction system that would prove vital in winning the Battle of Britain. The raids were also influential because they led to an overestimation of both the material and psychological effects of the bombing of cities.

Airships made about 51 bombing raids on England during the war. These killed 557 and injured another 1,358 people. More than 5,000 bombs were dropped on towns across Britain, causing ?1.5 million in damage. 84 airships took part, of which 30 were lost, either shot down or lost in accidents. Aeroplanes carried out 27 raids, dropping 246,774 lb (111,935 kg) of bombs for the loss of 62 aircraft, resulting in 835 deaths, 1972 injured  read more

Code: 21165

245.00 GBP

Visit Us At The Lanes Armoury In Brighton, Open 6 Days a Week, Rain or Shine. Gloria Antika

Visit Us At The Lanes Armoury In Brighton, Open 6 Days a Week, Rain or Shine. Gloria Antika

As our family businesses {family motto; Gloria Antika} have been based in Brighton Lanes for over 100 years we are known around the world to dealers, historians, military families, collectors and regular tourists alike.

In the past week we have hundreds of visitors journeying especially to visit us from such places as Scandinavia, including Iceland, Sweden, Norway and Greenland, from Europe, France, Belgium, Germany, Lichtenstein and Switzerland, and from North America, Central America and South America. Plus our usual Summer visitors from Japan and Singapore.
Due to our unique, generations long presence, visitors, in their hundreds of thousands from all around the globe travel to Brighton every year, through every season, and visit our gallery whether to buy, sell or simply view.
This means every day descendants of old war veterans from past wars bring their treasures and heirlooms to sell, or even just to enquire about their potential story if they are unknown to them. If we can help we are delighted to assist, and we never, ever charge. It is entirely free and offered with the greatest of pleasure, over 50 times a day, week in week out

It is why we are able to offer often unique souvenirs of combat veterans, sometimes remarkable, sometimes not so, but all are unique in their own way.

About Brighton;

It first came to the notice of King William the Conqueror when it was listed in the Domesday Book in 1086 when it was then called Brighthelmstone. The oldest still surviving part of Brighton is the Lanes, where we are based, and during its earliest history it was a simple farming and fishing community, only 14 miles South west of Lewes, the old capitol of Sussex. Brighthelmstone was a relatively peaceful place for many centuries apart from when it was was frequently raided and burnt to the ground by our jolly old French neighbours.

The Prince Regent and his court had first been visiting Brighton since 1783, and it is where he decided to build a summer palace.

Londoners have been travelling to Brighton for beach getaways ever since the railway arrived here in 1841. The pebbled beach, the Brighton Lanes, Brighton Pier's amusement arcade the Royal Pavilion the magnificent Brighton Marina are the main sights, but you'll also find hundreds of pubs and clubs catering to an energetic crowd. Not to mention the fabulous Theatre Royal.

Brighton has been colloquially known as London by the sea, and referred by millions as Britain’s favourite seaside town that is only 55 minutes from London by train and 40 minutes from London Gatwick airport.
It has probably the most cosmopolitan inhabitants of any city in Europe, and known by many as the centre of the ‘artistic’ life of the UK. Come and visit if you have never been, it may be an experience you will never forget. From the 4th to the 7th of August this year somewhere between 300,000 to 400,000 extra visitors will arrive in Brighton for Brighton Pride Weekend.

We show in the gallery just a selection of the sights to be seen in Brighton, including the stunning Palace of King George IVth known as the Pavilion, also one of Britain’s oldest pubs, the Cricketers, owned by the late, and truly greatly lamented, Winnie Sexton, in her day probably England's most famed landlady. It was our family local for over 100 years, where Mark and his father before him, has imbibed and conducted business with members of the artistic and entertainment fraternity, such as Lord ‘Larry’ Olivier, Graham Greene, & John Osborne, and his father David senior with Max Miller, & Dame Flora Robson, both late Brighton residents, and hundreds of their contemporaries, such as dear Dora Bryan and her husband Bill Lawton, former resident owners of the Kemp Town seafront hotel, Clarges. Over 50 years ago Mark and our head coachman Bill ‘Yorkie’ Cole, carried Kenneth Williams, Sid James, Joan Sims and Charles Hawtrey, in fact whole main cast of the ‘Carry on Crew’, in our Victorian horse drawn landau carriage, for a scene the Carry On film ‘Carry on At Your Convenience’, along Madeira Drive to the Palace Pier. See photos 9 and 10 in the gallery to see some of our past regulars, and the ‘Carry On’ crew in our carriage near the Palace Pier.

Sit on the balcony of the all new Soho House Members Club, we visited for a jolly nice luncheon, and it is just a few hundred yards from the front door of our late former Royal Crescent neighbour, friend and customer, Lord Larry, and he would have loved it!

More varied restaurants and watering establishments than you can imagine, and the all new exclusive Soho House Members Club has just opened too, opposite the Palace Pier. Also, Brighton is the perfect city for vegans.  read more

Code: 24292


A Scarce Pattern of Imperial German 121st infantry Officers Sword XIII  Royal Wurtemberg Corps

A Scarce Pattern of Imperial German 121st infantry Officers Sword XIII Royal Wurtemberg Corps

Bronze hilt with folding guard. Overall very nice condition and beautiful regimental markings to hilt and scabbard. Made by Gebruder Wayersberg of Solingen. Scabbard bottom section lacking. Potentially used by a Wurttemberg officer who knew or fought with another Wurttemberg officer at the same time, Erwin Rommel. On mobilization in 1914, the corps was subordinated to the 5th Army and saw action on the Western Front. It was transferred to the 6th Army during the Race to the Sea. In October 1914, the corps headquarters formed Corps Fabeck, which by the end of the month had become a provisional army group, commanding XV Corps, II Bavarian Corps and Corps Urach. In November, the XIII Army Corps was transferred from the 6th Army to the 9th Army on the Eastern Front. By 1916, the corps had returned to the Western Front and was subordinated to the 4th Army under Army Group Crown Prince Rupprecht. From April 1917 to March 1918, the corps commanded Group Caudry, another provisional command. In September 1918, it took over command of Group Ebene under Army Group Duke Albrecht of Württemberg, and commanded Group Ebene until war's end.

It was still in existence at the end of the war in Armee-Abteilung C, Heeresgruppe Gallwitz on the Western Front.

Württemberg mountain battalion

In 1915 a Württemberg mountain battalion was also formed, on drafts from the Württemberg line regiments, which became a part of the Alpenkorps division in 1917. This was the unit in which the young Erwin Rommel distinguished himself on the Romanian and Italian fronts, winning the Pour le Mérite (Imperial German equivalent of the Victoria Cross) at the Batlle of the Isonzo in 1917. Erwin Rommel was undoubtedly one of the finest generals of the Second World War, his strategic mind and patient approach led his men to victory after victory early in the war. But, while his fame and glory came as a General and Field Marshal, it was as a Lieutenant in the First World War that he earned his greatest honor.

Rommel started out the war in command of a reserve artillery company but immediately transferred to the 124th Wurtemberg Infantry regiment. By the middle of August 1914, he was in contact with the French, and showed his daring and genius in combat. The II Battalion, to which Rommel’s platoon was attached, halted at Bleid, a small French farming town. They sent out scouting parties, testing the various hedgerows and farms for French resistance.

Taking just three men from his platoon Rommel advanced to the edge of the town, where they found 15 French soldiers taking a nervous breakfast in the dense fog. Rather than retrieving his full platoon and assaulting, Rommel gave the order to open fire, and this four man party scattered the French troops, killing 5 of them. After receiving a stiff bout of rifle fire in response, he and his men returned to their platoon, then advanced with the rest of the battalion.  read more

Code: 23897

325.00 GBP

A Most Scarce Strip of 10 Heer EM/NCO Overseas M43 Cap Cockade Insignia

A Most Scarce Strip of 10 Heer EM/NCO Overseas M43 Cap Cockade Insignia

Made of a a machine embroidered cotton, this insignia is in very good un-issued condition! The colours are still vibrant! Features tri-colour national emblem. Perfect for any collection or display of German WW2 Very rare to find an un-issued strip of any form of German Bevo uniform insignia. A most rare discovery  read more

Code: 23761

375.00 GBP

An Amazing & Most Rare Un-Issued Fully Intact Strip of 18 Third Reich Arm Badges of the German Railways Armed Forces Traffic Directorate (WVD), Brussels Division

An Amazing & Most Rare Un-Issued Fully Intact Strip of 18 Third Reich Arm Badges of the German Railways Armed Forces Traffic Directorate (WVD), Brussels Division

Arm badge worn by personnel of the German Railways Armed Forces Traffic Directorate (WVD), Brussels Division. A machine woven, right facing eagle with outstretched wings and a wreathed, mobile swastika in its talons, positioned above the arching script, "WVD Brüssel." All of the threads are bright golden-yellow, against a half-moon. The insignia indicates service with the "Brüssel" division of the "Wehrmachtverkehrsdirektion.". Still on their original un-cut factory roll backing material.

WVD = Wehrmachtverkehrsdirektion

These badges were introduced in September 1941 superseding the German Railway cuff-titles, themselves only introduces some seven months previously, in February 1941. They were worn on the left upper arm of the uniform and usually cut or folded to produce a pointed or curved lower edge. The badges combined the German national eagle emblem above the initials of the relevant Railway Directorate, of which there were four (WVD, HVD, RBD & RVD), plus the specific Railway Division, which was usually based on large and important marshalling yards or railway areas. This branch of the Wehrmacht under the Nazi regime is responsible for controlling the operation of the national railways . It was created during the reorganization in 1937 of the Deutsche Reichsbahn into four directories.

It moved to Paris on June 21 , 1940 and the first contacts between SNCF and WVD took place on June 26 , 1940. The headquarters of the WVD was first in 36 of Avenue Kléber, then at 29,rue de Berri, in the 8 th arrondissement, near the Champs Elysées. It is the vice-president of the direction of the regional Reichsbahn of Hanover, Hans Münzer, who was named supreme commander (Kommandeur) of this authority of control of the French railways.

In August 1940, the operation of the network in occupied areas , outside Alsace-Lorraine, is transferred as a whole to the WVD located in Paris. A WVD is also installed in Brussels, which has jurisdiction over part of the North of France.

The SNCF retained ownership of the equipment which remained to it after the German requisitions, its trains were driven by French railway workers, but it was placed under the surveillance of WVD which subjected the personnel to German war laws and imposed the presence of 6500 German railway workers in stations, depots and operating sites responsible for ensuring the proper functioning of the company on site. Its goal is then to restart the French railway services in order to optimize its transport time, allow its use by the German forces, contribute to the German economy and among other things to continue to provide support to the ' invasion of North Africa . For these purposes, prisoners of war who have the skills of railway workers are released. It will then transit via French railways no less than 45 million tonnes of minerals between Italy and Germany Individual examples now sell for around £65 to £95 each  read more

Code: 23785

1245.00 GBP