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This is a Very Fine Example of the Very Scarce Prussian M-1855 Carbine
Bearing butt plate stamps of use by Lancer Regiment. The carbines were produced from older, altered Prussian M-1821 Cavalry Carbines, and in some cases during the Franco-Prussian War, they were made from captured carbines. The M-1821 was originally a flintlock smoothbore carbine, that included a sling bar and ring on the flat, opposite the lock. In 1850 and 1851, after Prussia adopted the percussion ignition system, many of the flintlock cavalry carbines were altered to percussion. The alteration to percussion was performed by brazing a large, distinctively “Prussian” style, bolster into the original flintlock touchhole. The bolster included a clean out screw to allow the soldier to clean the flash channel. These alterations retained the original flintlock frizzen spring, and replaced the frizzen with a unique percussion cap safety system. This safety lever secured the cap on the cone (nipple) and also prevented the cap from being struck by the newly attached percussion hammer, unless the safety lever was moved into the “fire” position.

Code: 20505Price: On Request


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Original Portrait Rudolf Jordan Gauleiter Halle-Merseburg+ Magdeburg-Anhalt
Portrait in oil on canvasd of Rudolf Jordan (21 June 1902 – 27 October 1988). He was a Nazi Gauleiter in Halle-Merseburg and Magdeburg-Anhalt in the time of the Third Reich. One of the notorious and prominent high command of Hitlers Third Reich. An original Nazi oil portrait from the 1930's. Most similar in the new Arian style to the Nazi portrait painter Fritz Erler, and his painting of 'Minister and Gauleiter Adolf Wagner', 1936. It was exhibited in the GDK, the Great German Art Exhibition, in 1939, in room 23. It was bought there by Hitler for 12.000 RM. In fact he bought two paintings by Fritz Erler: ‘Porträt des Staatsministers und Gauleiters Adolf Wagner‘ and ‘Porträt des Reichsministers Frick‘. They are now in the possession of the US Army Military Center of History. Possibly this portrait was also in that exhibition with the two other Gauleiter Wagner and Frick. Erlers similar style portrait of Hitler, also painted in his SA uniform, in 1931, is currently valued for sale at 725,000 Euros. Around 450 portraits depicting Hitler and other Nazi-officials and symbols are currently stored in the U.S. Army Center of Military History in Washington

From 19 January 1931, Jordan was appointed Nazi Gauleiter of Halle-Merseburg, and then began rising within the Party ranks, acting as member of the Prussian Landtag between April 1932 and October 1933 and being appointed to the Prussian State Council and made an SA Gruppenführer. In the same year began the publication of the Mitteldeutsche Tageszeitung newspaper, led by Jordan. In March 1933 came his appointment as Plenipotentiary for the Province of Saxony in the Reichsrat and in November 1933 his election as a member of the Reichstag. On 20 April 1937, Adolf Hitler personally appointed him Reichsstatthalter (Reich Governor) in Braunschweig and Anhalt and NSDAP Gauleiter of Magdeburg-Anhalt. Jordan was succeeded as Gauleiter of Halle-Merseburg by Joachim Albrecht Eggeling.

In the same year came Jordan's promotion to SA-Obergruppenführer. In 1939, Jordan became Chief of the Anhalt Provincial Government and Reichsverteidigungskommissar (Reich Defence Commissar, or RVK) in Defence District XI. On 18 April 1944 came Jordan's last leap up the career ladder when he was appointed High President (Oberpräsident) of the Province of MagdeburgIn the war's dying days, Jordan managed to go underground with his family under a false name. He was nonetheless arrested by the British on 30 May 1945, and in July of the next year, the Western Allies handed him over to the Soviets.Late in 1950 – after four years in custody in the Soviet occupation zone – Jordan was sentenced to 25 years in a labour camp in the Soviet Union. Only Federal Chancellor Konrad Adenauer's visit to Moscow managed to persuade the Soviets to reconsider Jordan's sentence, and then he was released on 13 October 1955. In the years to come, Jordan earned a living as a sales representative, and worked as an administrator for an aircraft manufacturing firm. He died in Munich. The Gardelegen massacre was the cold-blooded murder of inmates that had been evacuated from the Dora-Mittelbau concentration camp and some of its sub-camps on April 3rd, 4th and 5th. Around 4,000 prisoners had been bound for the Bergen-Belsen, Sachsenhausen or Neuengamme concentration camps, but when the railroad tracks were bombed by American planes, they had been re-routed to Gardelegen, which was the site of a Cavalry Training School and a Parachutist Training School. The trains were forced to stop before reaching the town of Gardelegen and some of the escaped prisoners had terrorized the nearby villages, raping, looting and killing civilians.

The man who is considered to be the main instigator of the Gardelegen massacre is 34-year-old Gerhard Thiele , who was the Nazi party district leader of Gardelegen. On April 6, 1945, Thiele called a meeting of his staff and other officials at which he issued an order, which had been given to him a few days before by Gauleiter Rudolf Jordan , that any prisoners who were caught looting or who tried to escape should be shot on the spot. In 1932, Nazi Gauleiter Rudolf Jordan claimed that SS Security Chief Reinhard Heydrich was not a pure "Aryan". Within the Nazi organisation such innuendo could be damning, even for the head of the Reich's counterintelligence service. Gregor Strasser passed the allegations on to Achim Gercke who investigated Heydrich's genealogy. Gercke reported that Heydrich was "... of German origin and free from any coloured and Jewish blood". He insisted that the rumours were baseless. Even with this report, Heydrich privately engaged SD member Ernst Hoffman to further investigate and deny the rumours. The last two pictures in the gallery of Jordan with Hitler and his Gaulieters at his 50th birthday examining his convertible Volkwagen Beetle, and the Erler painting of Gauleiter Wagner, bought by Hitler. 2 foot x 3 foot unframed. Water stain at the rear of the canvas. Surviving original portraits of Third Reich leaders are now very rare for at the end of the war thousands of paintings –portraits of Nazi-leaders, paintings containing a swastika or depicting military/war sceneries– were destroyed. With knives, fires and hammers, they smashed countless sculptures and burned thousands of paintings. However around 8,722 artworks were shipped to military deposits in the U.S. From 1933 to 1949 Germany experienced two massive art purges. Both the National Socialist government and OMGUS (the U.S. Military Government in Germany) were highly concerned with controlling what people saw and how they saw it. The Nazis eliminated what they called ‘Degenerate art’, erasing the pictorial traces of turmoil and heterogeneity that they associated with modern art. The Western Allies in turn eradicated ‘Nazi art’. Whatever one considers about the actions of all of the entire third reich, art is art, and every piece is a representation of a portion of history, good or bad. One thing we learned very well from the tragic 1930s and 1940s is that classifying art as ‘non-art’ and forbidding books or art for political reasons is a dead-end street. No matter how much one dislikes Hitler, Napoleon, Caligula or Stalin, and no matter how much their depictions were used as propaganda, a painting or sculpture of them cannot be re classified as 'non art'. Part of the theory of Hannah Ahrend Johanna "Hannah" Arendt 14 October 1906 – 4 December 1975) was a German-born Jewish American political theorist. Though often described as a philosopher, she rejected that label on the grounds that philosophy is concerned with "man in the singular" and instead described herself as a political theorist because her work centers on the fact that "men, not Man, live on the earth and inhabit the world."

Code: 20504Price: 4950.00 GBP


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A Very Good Napoleonic 19th Century 'Brown Bess' Tower Contract Musket
Marked Tower and with Crown stamp, in regulation 10 bore, and bayonet. Good barrel with proofs. Beautiful patinated walnut stock and part traditional brass furniture and four ramrod pipes. Original ordnance inspected Brown Bess bayonet. Made for the Empire service contracts, in the Tower, in the reign of King George IIIrd. This musket was used in the era of the of the British Empire and acquired symbolic importance at least as significant as its physical importance. It was generically in use for over a hundred years with many incremental changes in its design. These versions include the Long Land Pattern, Short Land Pattern, India Pattern, New Land Pattern Musket, Sea Service Musket and others.

The Long Land Pattern musket and its derivatives, the Short Land and India Pattern, generally .75 calibre flintlock muskets, were the standard long guns of the British land forces from 1722 until 1838 when they were replaced by a percussion cap smoothbore musket. The British Ordnance System converted many flintlocks into the new percussion system known as the Pattern 1839 Musket. A fire in 1841 at the Tower of London destroyed many muskets before they could be converted. Still, the Brown Bess saw service until the middle of the nineteenth century.

In 1808 Sweden purchased significant numbers from the United Kingdom. Then in 1812 after the Finnish War the Swedish Army was in need of weapons as the Swedes had sold out large parts of their material to Russia and got thousands of Brown Bess muskets in British aid. Around 50,000 were shipped to Austria and Prussia for the 1813 campaign. By 1812 the 3rd 5th 20th 21st 36th and 40th Russian Jaeger Regiments are known to have carried imported British Brown Bess type contract muskets.
Some were used by Maori warriors during the Musket Wars 1820s–1830s, having purchased them from European traders at the time, some were still in service during the Indian rebellion of 1857, and also by Zulu warriors, who had also purchased them from European traders during the Anglo-Zulu War in 1879, and some were sold to the Mexican Army who used them during the Texas Revolution of 1836 and the Mexican-American War of 1846 to 1848. One was even used in the Battle of Shiloh in 1862. As with all our antique guns no licence is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables.

Code: 20503Price: 2450.00 GBP


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A Very Good Original SS Rohm [Fully Erased] Dagger, with Vertical Hanger
A very good, original, M33 SS dagger. The M33 was meant to be worn by all ranks of the SS [Schutzstaffel] and was introduced in 1933. The Rohm erased daggers were only made for that brief period when Ernst Rohm was in charge of the SS as well as the SA, so few of those survived the war at all, and most of those surviving examples have had the Rohm dedication removed entirely, as has this one. The SS dagger was very similar to the SA [stormtroopers] Holbein style dagger, but all black in colour, as opposed to all brown. Professionally erased Rohm dedication on the reverse blade face, including the maker mark. The construction of the SS dagger consisted of a black ebony or ebonised handle with an SS sigrunen rune symbol insert located just below the pommel. In addition, a small eagle holding a swastika was placed on the centre of the handle.

Initially, production of the dagger was not under RZM control. It was not until 1934 that the RZM started overseeing production of the dagger, and production stopped completely in 1940. The SS dagger was presented to it's owner only at the special 9th of November ceremony when he graduated from SS Anwarter to SS-Mann. They were never issued at any other time.

The SS dagger is one of the most desirable daggers to obtain by a collector. It is also a difficult one to find a fine one these days. The vertical hanger was initially designed for service in crowd control, and it's general practice of issue was stopped in 1936. In a National Socialist context, the phrase and motto on the blade face, Meine Ehre heißt Treue, refers to a declaration by Adolf Hitler following the Stennes Revolt, an incident between the Berlin Sturmabteilung (SA) and the SS. In early April 1931, elements of the SA under Walter Stennes attempted to overthrow the head of the Berlin section of the NSDAP (Nazi Party). As the section chief, Joseph Goebbels, fled with his staff, a handful of SS under Kurt Daluege were beaten trying to repel the SA. After the incident, Hitler wrote a letter of congratulations to Daluege, stating … SS-Mann, deine Ehre heißt Treue! ("Man of the SS, your honour is loyalty"). Soon afterwards, Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, made the modified version of this sentence the official motto of the organisation. The Schutzstaffel [translated to Protection Squadron or defence corps], abbreviated as SS—was a major paramilitary organization under the overall cointrol of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP). It began in 1923 as a small, permanent guard unit known as the "Saal-Schutz" made up of NSDAP volunteers to provide security for Nazi Party meetings in Munich. Later, in 1925, Heinrich Himmler joined the unit, which had by then been reformed and renamed the "Schutz-Staffel". Under Himmler's leadership (1929–45), it grew from a small paramilitary formation to one of the largest and most powerful organizations in the Third Reich. Hitler's faithful leader of the SA Storm troopers, Ernst Rohm, was, and until his execution, Himmler's superior, and thus leader of Himmler's SS as well. Due to the alleged conspiracy against Hitler by Rohm, that was simply invented by the psychotic Henrich Himmler,the leader of the SS and SA, Ernst Rohm, alongside his senior General staff, were executed in a classic putsch, in an event known as 'The Night of the Long Knives'.

The crossguards and tang nut of this dagger are in choice condition and they have excellent smooth surfaces, good crisp edges and precise accent grooves. The guards are internally stamped "P.A". This is often regarded to be the recorded SS dagger part maker Piel and Adey. It is fitted with it's original and superb early Third Reich SS Vertical dagger hanger,
Known as the marching hanger, it's spring clip is stamped DRGM with maker logo AH for Axt & Hauerfabrik Solingen. The mount strap stamped SS 48/34 RZM. All attached to it's rounded corner rectangular fitting belt loop. All the leather is excellent and supple, excellent rivets with superb natural age paternation and superb buckle. Tight spring to the spring clip. The blade fits very nice and snugly to the scabbard with no looseness at all. The scabbard has some top mount denting [under the hanger mount] and it's worn anodised finish has been overpainted black within it's service life, and that is now worn. Very good condition hilt indeed, and as are all it's metal fittings, mounts, eagle and enamel SS badge. Blade good, but naturally worn to grey, the original SS dedication motto is also good with service age wear. A nice and rare SS dagger with great character.

Code: 20502Price: 3495.00 GBP


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A French Napoleonic Naval Cutlass, With Iron Basket Hilt and Steel Blade
With the formed quillon on the guard only ever seen on the Napoleonic French cutlasses. The Sabre du Bord. This is a most scarce sword as most of the French fleet were captured or destroyed during the Napoleonic Wars. The hilt is remarkably sound even complete with it's original paint, the blade has the engraved anchor symbol, but the bottom section has rusted away in parts. Full lenth 678mm blade. The French sabre du bord was the cutlass of the French matelots used in all the French fleet against Nelson at Trafalgar. The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a sea battle fought between the British Royal Navy and the combined fleets of the French Navy and Spanish Navy, during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815).
The battle was the most decisive British naval victory of the war. Twenty-seven British ships of the line led by Admiral Lord Nelson aboard HMS Victory defeated thirty-three French and Spanish ships of the line under French Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve off the south-west coast of Spain, just west of Cape Trafalgar. The Franco-Spanish fleet lost twenty-two ships, without a single British vessel being lost.
The British victory spectacularly confirmed the naval supremacy that Britain had established during the previous century and was achieved in part through Nelson's departure from the prevailing naval tactical orthodoxy, which involved engaging an enemy fleet in a single line of battle parallel to the enemy to facilitate signalling in battle and disengagement, and to maximise fields of fire and target areas. Nelson instead divided his smaller force into two columns directed perpendicularly against the larger enemy fleet, with decisive results.

Nelson was mortally wounded during the battle, becoming one of Britain's greatest war heroes. The commander of the joint French and Spanish forces, Admiral Villeneuve, was captured along with his ship Bucentaure. Spanish Admiral Federico Gravina escaped with the remnant of the fleet and succumbed months later to wounds sustained during the battle.

Code: 20501Price: 945.00 GBP


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A Superb, Original, British, WW2 No.2 Commando's Regt. Badge & FS Knife
with his souvenir German occupation and domestic currency, including Belgian francs, German marks and Italian lire and a British armed services folding knife. Most important part of the collection is his wonderful, original, private purchase silver sweetheart or mufti badge of the reknown and remarkably heroic WW2, Special Services force, No.2 Commando unit, plus, complete with his third, FS commando knife, made by William Rodgers, currency and service utility knife. The silver badge is a representation of their commando unit badge, a pair of SS astride an FS knife [profile] within the traditional shield shape [as used by the unit in their badge] inset in a circlet, hanging by a link from a bar, engraved; No.2 COMMANDO. The FS knife as one expects is well used, and shows signs of considerable close combat use but is nicely together and complete. The scabbard still has it's original tabs and brass chape, but it is lacking it's small elastic top band. The blade is very grey and the quillon is maker stamped by Rodgers. The No.2's Operational history;
The first No 2 Commando, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Jackson, did not carry out any operations before being turned over to parachute duties. After the formation of the 11th SAS Battalion a new No. 2 Commando was formed, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Augustus Charles Newman, from a new batch of volunteers. The first action that men from No. 2 Commando were involved in was two troops supporting No. 3 Commando in the Vaagso raid in December 1941. The next action involving men of No. 2 Commando was Operation Musketoon in September 1942. This was a raid against the Glomfjord hydroelectric power plant in Norway. The raid, commanded by Captain Graeme Black, MC, landed by submarine and succeeded in blowing up pipelines, turbines and tunnels, effectively destroying the generating station; the associated aluminium plant was shut down permanently. One commando was killed in the raid; another seven were captured while trying to escape the area and were taken to Colditz Castle. From there they were taken to Sachsenhausen concentration camp and executed, the first victims of Adolf Hitler's Commando Order. The three remaining commandos managed to escape to Sweden and eventually returned to No. 2 Commando.

St Nazaire raid
The St Nazaire Raid (Operation Chariot) was a seaborne attack on the heavily defended docks of St. Nazaire in occupied France on the night of 28 March 1942. The raid has since been called "The greatest raid of all". This was a combined operation undertaken by Royal Navy and Commando units. The main commando force was provided by No. 2 Commando with supporting demolition parties from other commando units. The intention of the raid was to destroy the dry dock which would force any large German warship in need of repairs, such as the Tirpitz, to return to home waters rather than seek safe haven in the Atlantic coast. Of the 600 men who left the port of Falmouth, Cornwall, England, on the raid only 225 would return.

The main commando force was 100 men from No.2 Commando. In addition to demolition tasks, they were to assault the harbour gun positions and provide covering fire for the demolition parties. Demolition Parties from No.2 Commando were supported by those drawn from No. 1, No. 3, No. 4, No. 5, No. 9 and No. 12 Commando. The raid was considered a success even with 25% of the force killed and most of the rest captured. Commando Commanding Officer Lieutenant Colonel Newman and his surviving troops were captured trying to escape the town into open country, when they ran out of ammunition. For his part in the raid Newman was awarded the Victoria Cross. A posthumous Victoria Cross was awarded after the war to Sergeant Thomas Durrant of No. 1 Commando for his part in the raid, upon recommendation by Newman.

Mediterranean theatre
With the capture of Lieutenant Colonel Newman at St Nazaire the commando unit received a new commanding officer, Lieutenant Colonel Jack Churchill, in April 1942. The commando was sent to the Mediterranean Theatre as part of 2nd Special Service Brigade and in July 1943 landed at Catania during the Allied invasion of Sicily. No. 2 Commando had a quiet time in the Sicily campaign and their only noteworthy action was landing in advance of the British Eighth Army at Scaletta about 15 miles (24 km) south of Messina on 15 August. Here they engaged the German rearguard and then on 16 August were involved in house to house fighting in Scaletta itself.
Salerno
After Sicily was secured, the Allied invasion of Italy followed, beginning 3 September 1943. No. 2 Commando landed at Vietri sul Mare at 03:30 hours, their initial target was a German gun battery. After the commandos scaled the cliffs they discovered the battery was undefended; they moved towards Vietri itself, and the town was secured two hours later. Establishing their headquarters there, they then opened Marina beach for further landings.

No. 2 Commando was next ordered to capture a German observation post outside of the town of La Molina which controlled a pass leading down to the Salerno beach-head. No. 2 and No. 41 (Royal Marine) Commandos, infiltrated the town and captured the post, taking 42 prisoners including a mortar squad. On 11 September the commandos made contact with the U.S. Army Rangers who had landed to their west. On 13 September the commando defended the village of Dragone against the attacking German paratroopers and panzergrenadiers. The battle cost the commando 28 dead and 51 wounded. After a day's rest following the battle the commando moved to Mercatello, about three miles east of Salerno. Together with No. 41 (RM) Commando, they were tasked by Brigade to "sweep the area and clean out the German forces". Having completed the requested "sweep", the commando returned, bringing with them 150 captured Germans.

Both commandos were then ordered back to occupy the area known as the "pimple". Over the next days the commando losses grew and included the then-Duke of Wellington. Finally relieved on 18 September they were withdrawn to Sicily. During the Salerno operations No. 2 and No. 41 (RM) Commandos had 367 killed, wounded or missing out of the 738 who had made the landing.

Yugoslavia

A depleted No. 2 Commando landed on the Yugoslavian island of Vis 16 January 1944; almost half the commando, consisting of replacements and training staff, remained in Italy. They would remain in the area for the next six months and carried out a number of operations including raids on German garrisons, attacking shipping, making assaults on fixed positions and even helping in the construction of an airfield. Between 26 January and 4 February the commando attacked the German garrison near Milna on the island of Hvar four times. On 19 March the 110 men from No. 2 Commando attacked the village of Grohote killing six and capturing 102 Germans with the loss of one man. By May 1944 No. 2 Commando had been joined on the island of Vis by No. 40 (Royal Marine) Commando, No. 43 (Royal Marine) Commando, some men from the Highland Light Infantry and a Royal Artillery detachment. On 2 June Lieutenant Colonel Jack Churchill, in command of both Royal Marine commandos and a group of Yugoslav Partisans in an assault on German fortifications, was captured after having been knocked unconscious. He was replaced as commanding officer by Lieutenant Colonel Francis West Fynn. After the commando marched past Marshal Josip Broz Tito at an airfield they had helped construct on 23 June they returned to Italy.

Albania
On their return from Yugoslavia the commando were based near Molopoli in Italy; they recruited new men and carried out parachute training. On the night 28/29 July 250 men from No. 2 Commando landed at Spilje in Albania; their objective was a German position near the village of Himare. After withdrawing they estimated that 100 Germans had been killed; the commando lost 29 dead and 61 wounded. On 22 September No. 2 Commando raided Albania again; their objective this time was to capture the port town of Sarande. The Commando landed on a beach 6 miles (9.7 km) north of Sarande and soon came under artillery fire. Believing the German garrison to consist of 200 men they discovered that the true German strength was 2000 men. Requested reinforcements from No. 40 (Royal Marine) Commando arrived 24 September. Sarande was captured by the combined force on 9 October. With the capture of the town, the German garrison on Corfu was cut off and surrendered to the commandos in November.

On their return to Italy No. 2 Commando and the rest of 2 Commando Brigade was gathered together for Operation Roast the battle at Comacchio lagoon. Their task was to capture a spit of land which extended from Lake Comacchio to the Adriatic Sea, with possible further exploitation northwards. No. 2 Commando started the attack at 19:00 hours 1 April 1945 by boat across Comacchio lagoon; they reached the opposite shore at 05:00 hours 2 April and approached the Germans from the rear and started their attack. All the Brigade objectives were achieved, with all the German forces south of Porto Garibaldi captured or destroyed. Fighting continued until mid April when No. 2 Commando were withdrawn having lost 23 men in the operation. The German forces in Italy surrendered on 2 May 1945. As a point of interest, the No 2 commando serviceman was first issued with his 1st pattern FS knife, and in late '42 early '43 it was replaced with a 3rd pattern after his 1st pat. Then his other 3rd pattern, his last FS knife he used. We have agreed for family discretion not to pass on the name of the commando combatant, who served with distinction for almost 30 years in the British forces special services. The regular No.2 SS cap badges were often handmade and were fashioned out of spare materials like canteen / mess cutlery. The last time we saw an original ordinary No. 2 Commando SS cap badge sold it went for £650 in 2015, such is the desirability of the earliest commando servicemen's personal items.

Code: 20500Price: 1495.00 GBP


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Great War Period “On War Service 1916”. The Women’s Badge
Serial numbered, maker marked by J.A.Wylie & Co. London. Affixed by a ball head pin. The women’s pattern triangular brooch was finally introduced in May 1916. It was available for women “engaged in the manufacture of munitions of war or other urgent war work”, which included women employed full-time in canteens “etc” of such establishments, skilled and unskilled workers, clerical staff in the approved companies, charladies, and cloakroom attendants. A woman could not be given a badge until she had two months on the job training and badges were not to be issued to girls under 16. No individual certificates were issued with the women’s badges and the employer could control allocation and re-allocation of badges, - they were basically left to their own devices in this respect although the same rules as for the men’s badges applied regarding illegal wearing and handing in when leaving employment or coming off war work. Amongst others, the Chief Inspector at Woolwich Arsenal appeared before the committee and reported that “his” women were keen to be issued with some form of badge, noting that “Apart from sentimental reasons, a badge enables it’s wearer to obtain cheap traveling facilities by rail under certain conditions and secures to it’s wearer preference on crowded trams.” (in other words the conductor would admit a woman who was badged in preference to one who wasn’t). Another point put forward to justify issuing badges was that “it will be useful as a protection to women. They have often to travel distances at night back from their work and an official badge will help secure them from annoyance.”, the MoM diarist earnestly noting here that “Special emphasis was laid on this last point.”

Code: 20497Price: 45.00 GBP


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Original EarIy Italianate Flintlock Holster Pistol As Favoured by Pirates
A most attractive early 18th century pistol, designed to fit in a wide belt sash, or, in a flintlock pistol bucket. A pistol with superb charm and elegant lines. With a silver cartouch on the grip, fully floriate engraved over the lock and a stunningly floriate, Italianate, chisseled and engraved flared barrel. It has fairly plain steel mounts, a brass tipped steel ramrod, and a walnut stock. This is exactly the type of pistol one sees, and in fact expects to see, depicted in all the old Hollywood 'Pirate' films. A sprauncy chisseled barrel pistol, with a large, steel butt cap and complete with it's elongated extra long 'ears' [side straps] typical of the period of early gunmaking. It is finely embellished all over deepley chisseled rococco acanthus scrolling. The action is fully operational. This is an original, honest and impressive antique pistol piece that rekindles the little boy in all of us who once dreamt of being Errol Flynn, Swash-Buckling across the Spanish Maine under the Jolly Roger. This Pistol may very well have seen service with one of the old Corsairs of the Barbary Coast, in a tall masted Galleon, slipping it's way down the coast of the Americas, to find it's way home to Port Royal, or some other nefarious port of call in the Caribbean. It is exactly the form of weapon that was in use in the days of the Caribbean pirates and privateers, as their were no regular patterns of course. This pistol is essentially a Turko-Ottoman example of the highly attractive type that were efficient, effective, most sought after and much prized, and thus an essential part of the pirate's trade. They didn't conform to a regular pattern, varying in quality, but they all had the 'form follows function' ethos. A style of pistol that first surfaced around 1665, and saw the peak of it's popularity in Western Europe during the mid to third quarter of the 18th century. The design was overtaken, but only in much of Western Europe, by a simpler, plainer form of pistol design, but it continued to be very popular, no doubt due to it's extravagance and style, in middle and eastern Europe, especially around the Mediterranean, until the early 19th century. A good slender curvature, and a medium weight long pistol that suits a comfortable grip. It was written that after Queen Anne's War, which ended in 1713, it cast vast numbers of naval seamen into unemployment and caused a huge slump in wages. Around 40,000 men found themselves without work at the end of the war - roaming the streets of ports like Bristol, Portsmouth and New York. In wartime privateering provided the opportunity for a relative degree of freedom and a chance at wealth. The end of war meant the end of privateering too, and these unemployed ex-privateers only added to the huge labour surplus. Queen Anne's War had lasted 11 years and in 1713 many sailors must have known little else but warfare and the plundering of ships. It was commonly observed that on the cessation of war privateers turned pirate. The combination of thousands of men trained and experienced in the capture and plundering of ships suddenly finding themselves unemployed and having to compete harder and harder for less and less wages was explosive - for many piracy must have been one of the few alternatives to starvation. Euro-American pirate crews really formed one community, with a common set of customs shared across the various ships. Liberty, Equality and Fraternity thrived at sea over a hundred years before the French Revolution, and continued for many years after. The authorities were often shocked by their libertarian tendencies; the Dutch Governor of Mauritius met a pirate crew and commented: "Every man had as much say as the captain and each man carried his own weapons in his blanket". A 18th century pistol of eastern Mediterranean origin, and although it has signs of combat wear is still working highly effectively, and was likely used right into the mid 19th century. It looks most attractive, it is completely original, an antique flintlock of days long gone past yet not forgotten. Overall 16 inches long.

Code: 20496Price: 1375.00 GBP


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A Very Fine Highlanders, Gilt Feather Bonnet or Glengarry Badge
A super quality gilt badge, probably Victorian and bearing some of the form of the Black Watch, with St Andrew the saltire cross and the motto within a circlet Nemo Me Impune Lacessit

Code: 20495Price: 110.00 GBP


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On War Service 1915 Munitions Badge with Serial Number Made by T Fattorini
On War Service 1915 badge. The On War Service 1915 badge was issued by the Ministry of Munitions, to women creating munitions for the war effort in 1915, one of the most hazardous occupations ever created, sadly it is not known how many women died making shells and amunition University of Manchester historian Dr Anne-Marie Claire Hughes said they were not officially recognised by the Government or the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

None of the victims' families received the death plaque or a scroll or letter and they also lost out on state benefits, she said.

Dr Hughes, from the university's School of Arts Histories and Cultures, said: "Though very sad, the omission of women working as munitions workers was not a result of any hostility towards women workers or prejudice by the authorities.
Indeed, many of the women who died were recognised during the war by their own communities and buried alongside their male comrades". Explosions at British munitions factories during World War I included the 1917 Silvertown explosion, in which 73 people were killed and over 400 injured, and a 1918 explosion at the National Shell Filling Factory, Chilwell, which killed over 130 workers
These metal badges were worn by civilians during the First World War in order to indicate that the person wearing it was on engaged in important war-work. Several of these badges were officially produced and distributed nationally but many more were produced privately by employing companies to support their employees. Before conscription was introduced in 1916, the army relied on voluntary recruitment. It was assumed by many that a man not in uniform was avoiding joining up and was therefore often accused of shirking their duty to their country. The famous white feather campaign saw men not in uniform presented with a white feather as a symbol of cowardice. The official badges were intended to prove that the wearer was doing their duty to their country in a time of war in a different way. They were not in uniform, but they may have been working in munitions factories or in the dockyards carrying out work that was vital to the war effort. After conscription, the need for these badges faded, along with the white feather campaign. However, many continued to be worn throughout the war, especially by female shift workers for whom the badge could give priority boarding and fare concessions on public transport, as well as indicating that there was nothing disreputable about these ladies travelling alone at night.

Code: 20494Price: 45.00 GBP

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