A German Army Officers Sword By Eikhorn of SolingenDoves head pommel with acorn leaf engraved p hilt, acorn leaf engraved backstrap and eagle and swastika langet. A gilded alloy hilt and the gilding is surface flaking with age. Swords made in the closing years up to the war tended to have alloy hilts [as opposed to brass or steel earlier on] that was then over gilded with thin pure gold. The blade is excellent and the steel blackened scabbard has no denting. The German Army (German: Heer, was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the German armed forces, from 1935 to 1945. The Wehrmacht also included the Kriegsmarine (Navy) and the Luftwaffe (Air Force). During World War II, a total of about 15 million soldiers served in the German Army, of whom about seven million became casualties. Separate from the army, the Waffen-SS (Armed SS) was a multi-ethnic and multi-national military force of the Third Reich. Growing from three regiments to over 38 divisions during World War II, it served alongside the army but was never formally part of it.
Only 17 months after Hitler announced publicly the rearmament program, the Army reached its projected goal of 36 divisions. During the autumn of 1937, two more corps were formed. In 1938, four additional corps were formed with the inclusion of the five divisions of the Austrian Army after the Anschluss in March. During the period of its expansion by Adolf Hitler, the German Army continued to develop concepts pioneered during World War I, combining ground (Heer) and air (Luftwaffe) assets into combined arms teams. Coupled with operational and tactical methods such as encirclements and the "battle of annihilation", the German military managed quick victories in the two initial years of World War II, prompting the use of the word Blitzkrieg (literally lightning war, meaning lightning-fast war) for the techniques used.
The German Army entered the war with a majority of its infantry formations relying on the horse for transportation. The infantry remained foot soldiers throughout the war; artillery also remained primarily horse-drawn. The motorized formations received much attention in the world press in the opening years of the war, and were cited as the main reason for the success of the German invasions of Poland (September 1939), Norway and Denmark (April 1940), Belgium, France and Netherlands (May 1940), Yugoslavia (April 1941) and the early campaigns in the Soviet Union (June 1941). However their motorized and tank formations accounted for only 20% of the Heer's capacity at their peak strength.
Code: 23075Price: 725.00 GBP
19th Century Oil Portrait Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke Of WellingtonAfter Sir Thomas Lawrence
Portrait of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, K.G., K.B., M.P. (1769-1852), bust-length, in civilian clothes with a military cloak, wearing the insignia of the Order of the Golden Fleece
oil on canvas. Lawrence was specially commissioned by George IV to paint a pantheon of military heroes, diplomats and powerful heads of state responsible for the defeat of Napoleon initially in 1814 and ultimately (after his escape from Elba) at the Battle of Waterloo on 18 June 1815. These paintings were initially proposed for Carlton House, but George IV’s plans for Windsor Castle latterly came to include a new room specially created for the display of Lawrence’s portraits: the Waterloo Chamber. The similar posed drawing of Wellington pictured in our gallery was purchased by Sir Henry Russell in 1842 was once believed to be Lawrence's original study for the subsequent oils he painted [on which our portait that we offer here is based] and it could have been drawn as early as 1814 when Farington noted Wellington's first visit to Lawrence's studio, however, Sir Henry Russell would have been naturally optimistic about his drawing and it was not Lawrence's usual practice to begin a sitting with this type of sketch. It has more the air of being a pencil copy made later from one of the oils and kept in the studio possibly as a reminder or for a present or even made expressly for Lewis's engraving published eventually long after Lawrence's death. The head is similar to that in the Apsley House oil of c.1815-16 but the high collar resembles its later variant painted for Charles Arbuthnot MP, exhibited RA 1822 and multiplied in numerous studio copies. Our painting is 19th century, an oil on canvas, framed in a 20th century gilt and black wooden frame. Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and Tory statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister. He ended the Napoleonic Wars when he defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.
Wellesley was born in Dublin into the Protestant Ascendancy in Ireland. He was commissioned as an ensign in the British Army in 1787, serving in Ireland as aide-de-camp to two successive Lords Lieutenant of Ireland. He was also elected as a Member of Parliament in the Irish House of Commons. He was a colonel by 1796 and saw action in the Netherlands and in India, where he fought in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War at the Battle of Seringapatam. He was appointed governor of Seringapatam and Mysore in 1799 and, as a newly appointed major-general, won a decisive victory over the Maratha Confederacy at the Battle of Assaye in 1803.
Wellesley rose to prominence as a general during the Peninsular campaign of the Napoleonic Wars, and was promoted to the rank of field marshal after leading the allied forces to victory against the French Empire at the Battle of Vitoria in 1813. Following Napoleon's exile in 1814, he served as the ambassador to France and was granted a dukedom. During the Hundred Days in 1815, he commanded the allied army which, together with a Prussian Army under Blücher, defeated Napoleon at Waterloo. Wellington's battle record is exemplary; he ultimately participated in some 60 battles during the course of his military career.
Wellington is famous for his adaptive defensive style of warfare, resulting in several victories against numerically superior forces while minimising his own losses. He is regarded as one of the greatest defensive commanders of all time, and many of his tactics and battle plans are still studied in military academies around the world. After the end of his active military career, he returned to politics. He was twice British prime minister as a member of the Tory party: from 1828 to 1830, and for a little less than a month in 1834. He oversaw the passage of the Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829, but opposed the Reform Act 1832. He continued as one of the leading figures in the House of Lords until his retirement and remained Commander-in-Chief of the British Army until his death. Portrait by an unknown artist. However, original late Georgian to Victorian copies of this portrait are extremely popular and in 2014 another copy was estimated to sel at £2,000-£4,000 eventually achieved £27,500. In frame; 14 inches x 18.25 inches
Code: 23074Price: 850.00 GBP
Most Rare Official Pat.Victorian British Trinity House Naval Pattern SwordPossibly one of, if not the, earliest dedicated pattern 'Trinity House' Elder Brother officer's sword in existance. It is recorded that the earliest known dedicated sword for Trinity House so far is an example made in 1905 for John Poynce Spencer 5th Earl Spencer [great, great, grandfather of HRH Princess Diana of Wales] for his appointment as an Elder Brother of Trinity House. Although many officers [Elder Brethren] of Trinity House owned swords in their service for past centuries, there was no recorded regulation dedicated pattern until Queen Victoria's reign.. This is one on those duly dedicated regulation types made, but as far as we know potentially the very earliest surviving example ouside of Royal ownership. Trinity House officers are titled Brethren or Elder Brethren. We show a portrait of His Majesty King Edward VIIth in his uniform of an Elder Brother of Trinity House with his identical sword to ours. On 19 March 1513 a guild of mariners, troubled by the inexperience and poor conduct of unregulated pilots on the Thames endangering life and cargo, petitioned the king for license to set up a fraternity enabled to regulate pilotage on the capital’s river. The first official record is the grant of a Royal Charter by Henry VIII in 1514 to a fraternity of mariners called the Guild of the Holy Trinity, .. "so that they might regulate the pilotage of ships in the King's streams". .In 1566 Queen Elizabeth I’s Seamarks Act enabled Trinity House “at their wills and pleasures, and at their costs, [to] make, erect, and set up such, and so many beacons, marks, and signs for the sea, in such place or places of the sea-shores, and uplands near the sea-coasts, or forelands of the sea, only for sea-marks, as to them shall seem most meet, needful, and requisite, whereby the dangers may be avoided and escaped, and ships the better come into their ports without peril.” In 1866 a new uniform style for the Elder Brethren of Trinity House was ordered by Queen Victoria.
“Her Majesty Queen Victoria has been pleased to command that, after the present date, the uniform of the Elder Brethren of the Trinity House, London, shall be of the Royal Navy pattern for the time being, save as respects the colour of the collar and cuffs of the full dress coat, and the description of lace, buttons, badges, and other distinguishing marks specified in the Order dated 22 March, 1866, which shall remain as at present.”. A 'dedicated pattern' sword is a sword specifically designed and made uniquely for a specific armed or maritime service, as opposed to a regular pattern sword that is adapted or later additions made, in order to define it for its desired use.
Code: 23073Price: 2650.00 GBP
1830 Damascus Barrel Irish Overcoat Pistol Back Action Green of MallowCounty Cork, Ireland. Chequered rounded grip all steel mounts. Large bore. A sound and effective personal manstopper protection pistol that was highly popular during the late Georgian to early Victorian era. London, like many cities around the world at that time, could be a most treacherous place at night, and every gentleman, or indeed lady, would carry a pocket or overcoat pistol for close quarter personal protection or deterrence. Replaced ramrod.As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
Code: 23072Price: 825.00 GBP
A Rare Single Action Starr Army 'Long Barrel' Revolver of the Civil WarSingle action 1863 model. Good condition for age, matching serial numbers. An impressive, big and powerful .44 cal revolver of the Civil War and early Wild West. Alongside the Colt Dragoon this was the biggest pistol of the Civil War, and it has amazing presence with an 8 inch barrel. Starr was the third largest producer of revolvers for the Union behind Colt and Remington.During the war the M-1863 Starr was issued to a number of US cavalry regiments, including the 1st Colorado Cavalry, the 6th & 7th Michigan Cavalry and the 11th New York Cavalry, just to name a few. While Starr double action revolver production started in 1858 they did not start production of the single action until 1863 finishing in 1865. Total Model 1863 S.A. production was approximately 25,000 revolvers making them rare finds today. The Model 1863 Single Action .44 calibre percussion Army Revolver was the third of the Starr revolvers produced for the military. Between September, 1863 and December 22, 1864, the Starr Arms Company delivered 25,002 Model 1863 Army revolvers to the Ordnance Department. The government's cost for this arm was $12.00 each.These arms and components were produced in Starr's plants in Yonkers, Binghamton and Moorisania. The grips on this gun are very good. The big long barrel Starr Army Revolver is the pistol that was chosen by the hero in Clint Eastwood's Academy Award winning movie 'The Unforgiven' [played by Clint Eastwood], and the pistol was in fact featured as the main promotional part of the film in the 'Unforgiven' poster, see picture of the Starr Revolver, in the poster, in our gallery [copyright Warner Bros].Single-action Army model of 1863 in .44 chambering with production numbers reaching 3,000, 21,454 and 23,000 respectively.
Design of the pistol fell to Ebanezar (Eban) Townsend Starr and all of the guns were manufactured out of the Starr Arms Company facility of Binghampton and Yonkers, New York for Federal service. The guns relied on a percussion cap system of operation with each chamber of the six-round cylinder loaded with a charge and a ball. Percussion caps were set upon the awaiting nipples found at each chamber. The hammer then fell on these caps to produce the needed ignition of the propellant charge within each chamber, the resultant forces propelling the ball out of the barrel.Externally, the revolver was of a conventional design arrangement. The handle was ergonomically curved for a good fit in the hand while being covered in useful grips. A solid frame was featured around the rotating six-shot cylinder which offered strength that open-frame revolvers of the period generall lacked. The hammer protruded from the rear of the frame within reach of the shooting hand's thumb for actuation as necessary. A loading arm was positioned under the barrel to help ram the contents of the chambers to the rear (and thus closer to the percussion cap's port). The barrel sat over this arm in the usual way, the ball projectiles guided into it by way of a proper seal from the cylinder's front face to the barrel's rear end. All in all, a traditional revolver arrangement that was proven to work. Sighting was by way of iron fittings over the top of the gun. Cocking and firing action works well but cylinder does not rotate. As with all our antique guns no licence is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
Code: 23071Price: 2450.00 GBP
A Very Nice Original Simkin Watercolour of an Officer 2nd Lifeguards 1876Simkin was born in Herne Bay, Kent, on 5 November 1850, (some references cite 1840) the son of a commercial traveller, also named Richard. After marrying his wife, Harriet, in 1880, He spent much of his time at Aldershot, Hampshire, and may also have been a volunteer in the Artists Rifles. He was employed by the War Office to design recruiting posters, and to illustrate the Army and Navy Gazette. In 1901, he created a series of 'Types of the Indian Army' for the Gazette. he obtained much of the information from the Colonial and India Exhibition of 1886. During his lifetime, he, along with Orlando Norrie produced thousands of watercolours depicting the uniforms and campaigns of the British Army. Simkin also contributed illustrations to numerous publications including the Boy’s Own Magazine, The Graphic and others; many were published by Raphael Tuck and sons.
He died at his home at 7 Cavendish Street, Herne Bay on 25 June 1926, survived by his wife and two daughters. Today, his pictures can be seen in numerous regimental museums and his illustrations appear in regimental histories, 7 inches x 9.8 inches
Code: 23070Price: 595.00 GBP
A Very Good Original Smith and Wesson No2 Army Revolver of The Civil War.Very nice tight action, brown finish early four figure serial number. One of the first cartridge taking revolvers used in the Civil War. George Armstrong Custer owned a pair presented to him by J.B.Sutherland. A very smart example in very nice order, original varnish to the walnut grips. Superbly crisp action. Photograph in the gallery of a Union soldier with his No2 S&W Army in his belt [for information only]. One of the few cartridge revolvers made that are allowable to own in the UK without licence or restriction. It was in fact the gun that made Smith and Wesson into the mighty arms company that it became, the No2 Army being so advanced for it's time that it rocketed the makers into the popular consciousness of America and indeed the world. It is from this revolver that the S&W 44 Russian, the 44 Single Action Army, and the Schofield evolved, probably the best revolvers ever made in the 19th century. A Smith and Wesson No 2 Army was carried by Wild Bill Hickok on the day he died holding Aces and Eights, called for ever more "the dead man's hand! In his memory, in the infamous card game in Deadwood. The larger calibre of the two tip-up revolver models that Smith & Wesson manufactured during the American Civil War, the No. 2 Army was a six-shot, single-action design. Slightly fewer than 40,000 No. 2 .32-caliber rim fire revolvers were made before the surrender at Appomattox in 1865, and many Union enlisted men and officers, including future President Rutherford B. Hayes and General George Armstrong Custer, elected to carry his No. 2 Army model for personal protection. A member of the 16th Kentucky Volunteers wrote that his pistol had killed two rebels while Corp. J.O. Sherwin ordered a dozen for his company in the 83rd Illinois. An 8th Iowa Infantry soldier wanted six of the Armies for his friends. Within a single month in 1864 requests for price lists came from the 126th Illinois at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, the 3rd Wisconsin Veteran Volunteers at Atlanta, the 115th Ohio at Murfreesboro, and the 38th US Coloured Regiment at Bermuda Hundred. Capt. Frederick Livermore, of a Massachusetts outfit, wrote that ’most of our officers have your make’. And a Capt. H. L. Wheat, 11th Missouri Cavalry, wrote that the S & W Army was the ’best belt revolver I have yet seen’. This opinion was echoed by Major D. Frazer, 13th New York Cavalry. Francis A. Bushee of Company F, 1st Mass. Cavalry, (Killed on 5/11/1864 at Ashland, VA) is known to have carried this model as did Lt. Washington M. Postley of the 78th New York Infantry Regiment and Capt. Gerard Reynolds, 11th Pa. Cavalry, who's No 2 Army was removed from his body when he was killed in action near Roanoke Station, Virginia. Wild Bill Hickok carried a No 2 Smith and Wesson Army as Marshall of Deadwood. There is a documented official state issue of the Number 2 as the National Archives have yielded records of a purchase of 731 of these revolvers by the State of Kentucky. All of Kentucky's Number 2 revolvers are thought to have been issued to the 7th Kentucky Cavalry. Desirable 6 inch long barrel model. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
Code: 23069Price: 2650.00 GBP
A Fine Presentation George IIIrd Brass Barrel Blunderbuss By Thomas, LondonFinest walnut stock with wonderous patination. Excellent action and overall in superb condition. Probably by Isaac Thomas. Presentation inscribed in 1800 to John Holmes from Vincent Drew Esq. The Blunderbuss (born of the Dutch word "Donderbus", appropriately meaning "Thunder Pipe" or "Thunder Gun") came to prominence in the early part of the 18th Century (1701-1800) and was more akin to the modern day shotgun than a "long gun" musket or heavy pistol of the time. As such, she excelled in close-in fighting, be it within the confines of naval warfare or walled nature of the urban environment, where her spread of shot could inflict maximum damage to targets at close ranges. Its manageable size, coupled with its spread shot, ensured some level of accuracy for even the novice user and its appearance was rather intimidating to those unfortunate enough to be staring down the business end. As with modern firearms, the Blunderbuss also made for an excellent security-minded weapon and soon found popularity amongst all matter of operators - military, civilian and, of course, criminal parties - by the middle of the 1700s. Even George Washington championed the Blunderbuss for Continental Army "Dragoon" units of the burgeoning American military as opposed to the carbine this being nothing more than a full-featured long gun of lesser overall length, proving suitable for horse-mounted handling. In fact, the short-form version of the Blunderbuss came to be known as the "Dragon", giving rise to the term "Dragoon" for such gun-wielding cavalrymen. Dragoons went on to form specialized units of mounted infantrymen within their respective armies during the end of the 17th Century and into the middle of the 18th Century - in a way, becoming an evolutionary step of the fabled mounted knight of the Middle Ages. Their use of Dragons soon gave way to the widely-accepted carbine musket. The Blunderbuss was also known as the "Blunderbess" As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
Code: 23068Price: 4250.00 GBP
Most Beautiful, Original Victorian Merryweather British Fire Service HelmetIn very good condition for age. The desirable standard pattern of Fire Service helmet used by all British county and city Fire Services in the Victorian era and past WW1.With it's original chain curb strap, with just a few small surface dents. With all original liner. The first Roman fire brigade of which we have any substantial history was created by Marcus Licinius Crassus. Marcus Licinius Crassus was born into a wealthy Roman family around the year 115 BC, and acquired an enormous fortune through (in the words of Plutarch) "fire and rapine." One of his most lucrative schemes took advantage of the fact that Rome had no fire department. Crassus filled this void by creating his own brigade—500 men strong—which rushed to burning buildings at the first cry of alarm. Upon arriving at the scene, however, the fire fighters did nothing while their employer bargained over the price of their services with the distressed property owner. If Crassus could not negotiate a satisfactory price, his men simply let the structure burn to the ground, after which he offered to purchase it for a fraction of its value. Emperor Nero took the basic idea from Crassus and then built on it to form the Vigiles in AD 60 to combat fires using bucket brigades and pumps, as well as poles, hooks and even ballistae to tear down buildings in advance of the flames. The Vigiles patrolled the streets of Rome to watch for fires and served as a police force. The later brigades consisted of hundreds of men, all ready for action. When there was a fire, the men would line up to the nearest water source and pass buckets hand in hand to the fire.
Rome suffered a number of serious fires, most notably the fire on 19 July AD 64 and eventually destroyed two thirds of Rome.
In the UK, the Great Fire of London in 1666 set in motion changes which laid the foundations for organised firefighting in the future. In the wake of the Great Fire, the City Council established the first fire insurance company, "The Fire Office", in 1667, which employed small teams of Thames watermen as firefighters and provided them with uniforms and arm badges showing the company to which they belonged.
However, the first organised municipal fire brigade in the world was established in Edinburgh, Scotland, when the Edinburgh Fire Engine Establishment was formed in 1824, led by James Braidwood. London followed in 1832 with the London Fire Engine Establishment.
Code: 23067Price: 1345.00 GBP
Re-Opening Full Time on Saturday the 4th July!!!After 3 months of the UK lock-down, it is with much happiness that we will re-open, after the longest period of any of our family business's doors have been closed, for the longest continual period in 100 years, including two world wars!!. It was almost 20 years ago we were most proud to be nominated, shortlisted and awarded by the BACA Awards [the UK Antique Trade's Oscars] in Association with the BBC, Homes and Antiques Magazine and Miller's Antique Guides, as the Best Specialist Antique Shop in the UK, and, after numerous gratefully recieved awards and recognitions later, we were described as one of the most highly recommended visitors attractions in the whole of Europe, by no less a publication than the pre-eminent New York Times. So, we are still here, and will continue to do our utmost to thrive in this most difficult of times for us all, thanks in the main to the tens of thousands of our past visitors and our esteemed clients from around the globe. Thank you one and all, to those that supported us during the lock-down, and also, for all the most kind wishes and regards from so many hundreds of you, from the UK to North America, from Europe to Australia, and from as far afield as the Solomon Islands.
Code: 23066Price: On Request
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