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A Super Antique 'Brevete Colt' Navy 6 Shot Repeating Revolver & Holster
A very nice Civil War and Wild West period revolver, stamped America on the barrel top strap, with other text, but now not visible. Serial numbers stamped on the underneath. The term "Brevete" could, at the time, apply to any revolver made under license by Colt patents in Europe. The Colt Brevete 1851 Navy Model Percussion Revolver is a percussion cap and ball revolver that fired a .35 or .36 calibre ball or bullet. A round lead ball projectile could be fired from the 7 ¼-inch smooth-bore barrel using a six-shot revolving round cylinder with steel hammer. A rammer under the barrel was used to load the cylinder. This pistol is silver plated with a brass square back trigger guard and back strap and a one-piece varnished walnut grip. One of the 'licenced' Colts made [often patent infringements] by many European [mostly Belgian] makers, during the time that Colonel Colt was manufacturing his revolver in the US, in the 1850's to 60's. The traditional 'Brevete Colt Navy', but in .35 calibre [as opposed to .36]. There was also a measure of Colt Revolvers made by the Confederate South knowing that patent infringements were of no concern to Southern businesses in wartime. The pistol is in nice condition for age with a nice smooth surface and age patination, action rotates well. This is what we consider to be a very nicely made antique version of the Colt Navy, likely made just prior or during the American Civil War, that gives a good cosmetic appearance of being an original Colt revolver. Colt took out his Belgian patent dated 21 August 1849 and, like many European countries at the time, an article patented had to be produced in that country within two years, otherwise the patent became void. By the time Colt was able to arrange for patent revolvers to be produced in Belgium, imitations of his 1851 Navy revolver were already being made by the gunmaking centres of Belgium outside of the patent. Many of the genuine 'Belgium Colts', as they are also known, have the name 'N.Gillon' or 'L.'Ghaye' stamped on them. Although it is far from clear, it is often taken that Gilon and Ghaye were Colt Licensees, producing legitimate Colt copies under patent. Belgium Colts are generally modelled after the early fourth model Colt Navy.

Code: 23169Price: 1995.00 GBP


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A Fabulous Large American Revolutionary Period Flintlock Blunderbuss
Bronze gun-metal two stage cannon barrel, early banana form lock predominantly used in the early to mid 18th century. Hand carved hand-rail stock, with superb natural age patina, also with typical and distinctive 18th century naval service flat buttplate, as to be usually seen on the sea-service Brown Bess and blunderbusses at the time. All the metal apart from the lock is made of gun-metal bronze, a higher copper content than the more common brass barrel blunderbuss. A most rarely seen type of blunderbuss, used in the American Revolutionary War, possibly made in America itself as it is devoid of the usual top of the barrel proofmarks as American gunsmiths no proof marks. Although potentially made in America it could still have been used in the Royal Navy at the time, for ships of the line we restocked with provisions and often re-armed at their port of destination when required. The Blunderbuss (born of the Dutch word "Donderbus", appropriately meaning "Thunder Pipe" or "Thunder Gun") came to prominence in the early part of the 18th Century (1701-1800) and was more akin to the modern day shotgun than a "long gun" musket or heavy pistol of the time. As such, she excelled in close-in fighting, be it within the confines of naval warfare or walled nature of the urban environment, where her spread of shot could inflict maximum damage to targets at close ranges. Its manageable size, coupled with its spread shot, ensured some level of accuracy for even the novice user and its appearance was rather intimidating to those unfortunate enough to be staring down the business end. As with modern firearms, the Blunderbuss also made for an excellent security-minded weapon and soon found popularity amongst all matter of operators - military, civilian and, of course, criminal parties - by the middle of the 1700s. Even George Washington championed the Blunderbuss for Continental Army "Dragoon" units of the burgeoning American military as opposed to the carbine this being nothing more than a full-featured long gun of lesser overall length, proving suitable for horse-mounted handling. In fact, the short-form version of the Blunderbuss came to be known as the "Dragon", giving rise to the term "Dragoon" for such gun-wielding cavalrymen. Dragoons went on to form specialized units of mounted infantrymen within their respective armies during the end of the 17th Century and into the middle of the 18th Century - in a way, becoming an evolutionary step of the fabled mounted knight of the Middle Ages. Their use of Dragons soon gave way to the widely-accepted carbine musket. The Blunderbuss was also known as the "Blunderbess" As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables

Code: 23168Price: 4750.00 GBP


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A Very Attractive London Trade Gun, For the Native American Trade
King George IIIrd period. Simulated tiger stripe stock, London stamped flintlock. Brass mounts and typical Native American Indian brass studwork in patterning. Fully brass studded stock with a regular pattern typical of use by Native American 'Chiefs' of the time and through to the 1870's on trade muskets as well. The higher quality guns were called Chief's Guns as the finer guns were given to the tribes chief by either the French or English military in order to encourage the tribe to fight on the protagonists side, such as was incredibly prevalent in the French Indian Wars of the 1760s throughout the American frontier states. The tradition continued both in peacetime and war right until the 1870's. This type of very long gun was a more traditional trade musket. The guns became excessively long due to the guns being traded for fur pelts, by putting the gun butt down and it was then traded for its hight in fur pelts. The longer the gun the greater the stack of pelts by which the pelts were measured. One of the earliest accounts of firearms possession by Indians out West dates to the 1750s, in New Mexico, where French traders cited a brisk exchange of flintlocks to the Wichitas and Comanches for their horses. Firearms, or in some cases the lack of them, played a major role in Indian life from the time they were first introduced to the end of the Indian Wars of the 19th century. Those tribes that possessed both horses and guns were far better equipped to forage for food, wage war or defend themselves than were those who had neither. Together, the horse and the gun combined to make the Indian of the Great Plains the finest light cavalryman the world had ever seen. Sometimes they hammered in iron or brass nails to hold together a broken stock, but usually they reserved such hardware to decorate the firearm. Feathers, beads, even human trigger fingers cut from an enemy, as well as other body appendages, could also adorn an Indian’s gun throughout the 19th century. The Great Plains Indians acquired guns from the French and British Traders. Apparently a common trading deal for the price of the gun was a stack of furs as high as the rifle. The trade of firearms had a startling impact on the Native American tribes of North America. The balance of power shifted to those tribes that possessed firearms and those tribes that did not which is further explained in the Beaver Wars in which the Iroquois League destroyed several large tribes including the Hurons, Eries and Susquehannocks. Native American Indians viewed the gun as a delivery system for poison, similar to a snake. We show in the gallery several paintings and engraving of Indians of the time holding their prized guns, and Sitting Bulls flintlock, studded with brass nail head, that he surrendered at Fort Buford, Dakota in 1881, carved with his name that he had learnt to write in English while in Canada. Sitting Bull [c. 1831 – December 15, 1890) was a Hunkpapa Lakota holy man who led his people during years of resistance to United States government policies. He was killed by Indian agency police on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation during an attempt to arrest him, at a time when authorities feared that he would join the Ghost Dance movement.

Before the Battle of the Little Bighorn, Sitting Bull had a vision in which he saw many soldiers, "as thick as grasshoppers," falling upside down into the Lakota camp, which his people took as a foreshadowing of a major victory in which a large number of soldiers would be killed. About three weeks later, the confederated Lakota tribes with the Northern Cheyenne defeated the 7th Cavalry under Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer on June 25, 1876, annihilating Custer's battalion and seeming to bear out Sitting Bull's prophetic vision. Sitting Bull's leadership inspired his people to a major victory. Months after their victory at the battle, Sitting Bull and his group left the United States for Wood Mountain, North-West Territories (now Saskatchewan), where he remained until 1881, at which time he and most of his band returned to US territory and surrendered to U.S. forces. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables

Code: 23166Price: 1750.00 GBP


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An Exceptional 1842 Pat US Cavalry Pistol Dated 1855 Manf. In Connecticut
It may well be impossible to find a better example of this fine, historical, American regimental dragoon pistol. By Ira N.Johnson of Middletown, Connecticut. Barrel with Government Inspector stamp GWH, [George W Hartwell] an inspector for the US ordnance from `1845-1855. Superb overall with excellent walnut stock, brass fittings and steel lock barrell and ramrod. Maker marked and dated. Used by the US Cavalry Dragoon regiments, and then by the Wild West Frontiersmen and by Native American Indians, see photo of Sioux Chief Lone Dog, With the adoption of the U.S. Dragoons on March 5, 1833, the U.S. Army found itself woefully lacking in pistols for a mounted unit. Handguns at that time were close-range, single-shot affairs, and the U.S. Ordnance Department had a hodge-podge of old flintlock pistols on hand, going all the way back to the 1805 Harper’s Ferry models. After issuing an assortment of pistols—many either in poor condition or utterly unserviceable, military heads realized that new arms were sorely needed. Manufactured between 1845 and 1852, and meeting a pattern specified by Springfield Armory, Henry Aston and Ira N. Johnson, both of Middletown, Connecticut, were contracted and produced about 24,000 and 10,000 of these horse pistols, respectively. Another 1,000 Model ’42s were made by the Palmetto Armory of Columbia, South Carolina. The 1842 represents the first official U.S. percussion pistol, although it wasn’t the first caplock handgun that went into service, due to earlier conversions from flintlock to cap-and-ball, and the fact that 300 of the Model 1842 Percussion Navy Pistols were delivered before that arm’s contract was officially signed. A reliable and powerful caplock arm, the M1842 saw use by many Westerners, including Indians, for decades.the M1842 served the 1st and 2nd Dragoons faithfully during the last two decades before the Civil War and a goodly number of them saw use during that conflict as well in February of 1849, the War Department offered to sell arms and ammunition at cost to civilians bound for the West Coast. John E. Durivage, a newspaper correspondent for the New Orleans Daily Picayune, jumped at the chance to arm himself with army weaponry as he prepared to trek west. In March 1849, he wrote back to his paper, “the company was furnished with brand-new Mississippi rifles and percussion locked (most likely M1842) holster pistols from the United States Arsenal at Baton Rouge.” Outfitted with government rifles and horse pistols, these hardy men felt they were well armed and prepared to take on the frontier. In this post-Civil War photo Ree Chief Lone Dog proudly displays his tack-decorated ’42 horse pistol along with his war club. – Courtesy Bob Coronato, Rogues Gallery –

Code: 23164Price: 1695.00 GBP


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A Superb 2000 Year Old Rare Roman Legionary's or Gladiator's Pugio Dagger
A superb original artifact of Ancient Rome. The very form of dagger that was used to assassinate the great Julius Caesar on the Ides of March. The pugio (plural: pugiones) was a dagger used by Roman soldiers as a sidearm. It seems likely that the pugio was intended as an auxiliary weapon, but its exact purpose to the soldier remains unknown. Officials of the empire took to wearing ornate daggers in the performance of their offices, and some would wear concealed daggers as a defence against contingencies. The dagger was a common weapon of assassination and suicide; for example, the conspirators who stabbed Julius Caesar used pugiones. Roman writer Vegetius, wrote

A stroke with the edges, though made with ever so much force, seldom kills, …. On the contrary, a stab, though it penetrates but two inches, is generally fatal. … the body is covered while a thrust is given, and the adversary receives the point before he sees the sword. This was the method of fighting principally used by the Romans. There are a number of surviving Roman depictions of soldiers slashing with their weapons in addition to stabbing with them. This is shown best on the Adamklissi metopes.

Attempts to cast pugios in the role of utility knives are misguided, as the blade form is not suited to this purpose, it being far better suited for use as a close quarter weapon. Small utility knives are found in profusion at military sites and there is no reason to think that soldiers needed to use their pugios for anything other than fighting. Tacitus reports that Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo had a soldier executed for not wearing a sword while digging a trench and another for wearing only a pugio in the same activity. The pugio became an ornate sidearm of officers and dignitaries as well, a custom reminiscent of the knives after which the Saxons were named. These Germanic mercenaries served in the Roman army. The emperors came to wear a dagger to symbolize the power of life and death. The emperor Vitellius attempted to resign his position and offers his dagger to the consul, but it was refused and Vitellius was forced to stay by popular acclaim and the Praetorian guard. Tacitus also relates that a centurion, Sempronius Densus, of the Praetorian guard drew a dagger to save Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus momentarily. One picture in the gallery is from Barry Strauss book the Death of Caesar, it shows a complete original pugio with hilt, the blade shape of ours is identical and highly identifiable, good, but in russetted condition. Blade. 14 1/4 inch blade length total

Code: 23163Price: 3950.00 GBP


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A Wonderful 18th Century French Small-Sword of Parcel Gilt Silver, Steel
A stunning museum grade sword, decorated with purest gold, worthy of a finest collection of 18th century fine art and furnishings. Likely made at Versailles by a Royal swordsmith of King Louis XVIth, such as the master swordsmiths of the king, Lecourt, Liger or Guilman. A very finest grade sword of the form as was made for the king to present to favoured nobles and friends. He presented a similar sword to John Paul Jones [see painting in the gallery] now in the US Naval Academy Museum. Three near identical swords to this now reside in the Metropolitan. This is a simply superb small-sword, with stunningly engraved chiselled steel hilt, overlaid with pure gold over a fish-roe background, decorated with hand chiselled patterns of scrolling arabesques throughout the hilt, knucklebow, shell guards and pommel in the rococo style. The multi wire spiral bound grip is finest silver, betwixt blued silver bands, with Turks head finials. The blade is in the typical trefoil form, ideal for the gentleman's art of duelling, and very finely engraved. The degree of craftsmanship of this spectacular sword is simply astounding, worthy of significant admiration, it reveals an incredible attention to detail and the skill of it's execution is second to none. Other similar swords are in also in the British Royal Collection and in Les Invalides in Paris. Trefoil bladed swords had a special popularity with the officers of the French and Indian War period. Even George Washington had a very fine one just as this example. For example of the workmanship in creating this sword, for such as the King and Marie Antoinette, the keys for the Louis XVI Secretary Desk (Circa 1783) made for Marie-Antoinette by Jean Henri Riesener, one of the worlds finest cabinetmakers, and whose works of furniture are the most valuable in the world. The steel and gold metalwork key for Marie Antoinette's desk, is attributed to Pierre Gouthière (1732–1813), the most famous Parisian bronzeworker of the late eighteenth century who became gilder to the king in 1767. This sword bears identical workmanship and style to that magnificent key. This is the quality of sword one might have expected find inscribed upon the blade 'Ex Dono Regis' [given by the King]. Very good condition overall, with natural aged patination throughout. This painting, entitled John Paul Jones and Louis XVI, by the American artist Jean Leon Gerome Ferris depicts John Paul Jones and Benjamin Franklin at the court of Louis XVIth and being presented a similar sword now in US Naval Academy Museum. Overall length 35.5 inches

Code: 23162Price: 5995.00 GBP


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A Good English Civil War Officer's Mortuary Hilted Back Sword
The traditional basket hilt bears, within oval panels, the engraved facial portraits, it is said, of King Charles Ist and Queen Henrietta, and several of the Green Man. In the Victorian period these swords thus became known as Mortuary hilted swords, due to the executed king's visage being designed within the hilt pattern. It is not known exactly how this came to be, but there is no known use of the term Mortuary hilted before this time. In the Civil War, the opening of the battle usually involved groups of cavalry, with the officers carrying these very form of swords. The main objective was to make the opposing cavalry run away. When that happened, the victorious cavalry turned on the enemy infantry. Well-disciplined pike men, brave enough to hold their ground, could do tremendous damage to a cavalry charging straight at them. There are several examples of cavalry men having three or four horses killed under them in one battle. At the start of the war the king's nephew, Prince Rupert, was put in charge of the cavalry. Although Rupert was only twenty-three he already had a lot of experience fighting in the Dutch army. Prince Rupert introduced a new cavalry tactic that he had learnt fighting in Sweden. This involved charging full speed at the enemy. The horses were kept close together and just before impact the men fired their pistols, then arming themselves with their swords for the all too fearsome hand to hand combat

During the early stages of the Civil War the parliamentary army was at a great disadvantage. Most of the soldiers had never used a sword or musket before. When faced with Prince Rupert's cavalry charging at full speed, they often turned and ran.

One of the Roundhead officers who saw Prince Rupert's cavalry in action was a man called Oliver Cromwell. Although Cromwell had no military training, his experience as a large landowner gave him a good knowledge of horses. Cromwell became convinced that if he could produce a well-disciplined army he could defeat Prince Rupert and his Cavaliers. He knew that pike men, armed with sixteen-foot-long pikes, who stood their ground during a cavalry attack, could do a tremendous amount of damage.

Oliver Cromwell also noticed that Prince Rupert's cavalry were not very well disciplined. After they charged the enemy they went in pursuit of individual targets. At the first major battle of the civil war at Edge hill, most of Prince Rupert's cavalrymen did not return to the battlefield until over an hour after the initial charge. By this time the horses were so tired they were unable to mount another attack against the Roundheads.

Cromwell trained his cavalry to keep together after a charge. In this way his men could repeatedly charge the Cavaliers. Cromwell's new cavalry took part in its first major battle at Marston Moor in Yorkshire in July 1644. The king's soldiers were heavily defeated in the battle. Cromwell's soldiers became known as the Ironsides' because of the way they cut through the Cavaliers on the battlefield. The Mortuary hilted swords actually gained their unusual name some considerable time after the Civil War. For, as they bore representational portraits of King Charles Ist, it was believed in Victorian times that they were to symbolize the death of the King, however, as these swords were actually made from 1640, long before he was executed, it was an obviously erroneous naming, that curiously remains to this day. This example is a beautiful, fine and singularly handsome piece and would certainly be a fine addition to any collection of rare English swords. There are a few examples near identical to this sword in the Royal Collection and the Tower of London Collection. In good condition for age with natural age wear and tear, single side bars. 35.25 inch long blade, overall 41 inches overall

Code: 23161Price: 2950.00 GBP


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17th Century 'Walloon' Senior Officer's Rank Sword
A near pair to a sword carried by Vice Admiral Sir Christopher Myngs and possibly by the same maker. In very nice overall condition with a signed double edged armourer's marked broadsword blade. Cast bronze hilt beautifully relief decorated with figures. A most beautiful sword made in the mid 17th century during the reign of King Charles and used continuously through the interregnum, the restoration and into the era up to Queen Anne. We show a portrait of Vice Admiral Sir Christopher Myngs holding a near pair to this sword. The form of sword that was carried and used by admirals and senior naval officers for almost 100 years. This sword should be categorised as the transitional Walloon type. The Walloon gained most of it's popularity during the English Civil War era and with the addition of pas d'ane to the guard they transitioned to the next generation of officer's swords called small swords. Vice Admiral Sir Christopher Myngs (1625–1666), English naval officer and pirate, came of a Norfolk family and was a relative of another admiral, Sir Cloudesley Shovell. Samuel Pepys' story of his humble birth, in explanation of his popularity, is said to be erroneous. His name is often given as Mings. In 1655, he was appointed to the frigate Marston Moor, the crew of which was on the verge of mutiny. His firm measures quelled the insubordinate spirit, and he took the vessel out to the West Indies, arriving in January 1656 on Jamaica where he became the sub commander of the naval flotilla on the Jamaica Station, until the summer of 1657.
In February 1658, he returned to Jamaica as naval commander, acting as a commerce raider during the Anglo-Spanish War. During these actions he got a reputation for unnecessary cruelty, sacking and massacring entire towns in command of whole fleets of buccaneers. In 1658, after beating off a Spanish attack, he raided the coast of South-America; failing to capture a Spanish treasure fleet, he destroyed Tolú and Santa Maria in present-day Colombia instead; in 1659 he plundered Cumaná, Puerto Cabello and Coro in present-day Venezuela.
The Spanish government considered him a common pirate and mass murderer, protesting to no avail to the English government of Oliver Cromwell about his conduct. Because he had shared half of the bounty of his 1659 raid, about a quarter of a million pounds, with the buccaneers against the explicit orders of Edward D'Oyley, the English Commander of Jamaica, he was arrested for embezzlement and sent back to England in the Marston Moor in 1660.
The Restoration government retained him in his command however, and in August 1662 he was sent to Jamaica commanding the Centurion in order to resume his activities as commander of the Jamaica Station, despite the fact the war with Spain had ended. This was part of a covert English policy to undermine the Spanish dominion of the area, by destroying as much as possible of the infrastructure. In 1662 Myngs decided that the best way to accomplish this was to employ the full potential of the buccaneers by promising them the opportunity for unbridled plunder and rapine. He had the complete support of the new governor, Lord Windsor, who fired a large contingent of soldiers to fill Myngs's ranks with disgruntled men. That year he attacked Santiago de Cuba and took and sacked the town despite its strong defences. In 1663 buccaneers from all over the Caribbean joined him for the announced next expedition. Myngs directed the largest buccaneer fleet as yet assembled, fourteen ships strong and with 1400 pirates aboard, among them such notorious privateers as Henry Morgan and Abraham Blauvelt, and sacked San Francisco de Campeche in February. Wooden fluted grip with Turk's head ferrules 27 inch blade, overall 32.5 inches long

Code: 23160Price: 1575.00 GBP


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A Munition Grade Proto Mortuary Hilted Horseman's Sword Civil War Cavalry
A simply wonderful example of these rare and highly desireable swords carried from 1630-1650, and used by the cavalry trooper in the English Civil War of the 1640's. Black iron hilt comprising two shell guards, the inner smaller than the outer from which a guard to the back of the hand curves up to meet the flat pommel: the flat knuckle-guard with an wide oviod mid section. Rear quillon slightly turned towards the blade. Plain cylindrical wooden grip with old mounting nails still present. The New Model Army's elite troops were its Regiments of Horse. They were armed and equipped in the style known at the time as harquebusiers, rather than as heavily armoured cuirassiers. They wore a back-and-front breastplate over a buff leather coat, which itself gave some protection against sword cuts, and normally a "lobster-tailed pot" helmet with a movable three-barred visor, and a bridle gauntlet on the left hand. The sleeves of the buff coats were often decorated with strips of braid, which may have been arranged in a regimental pattern. Leather "bucket-topped" riding boots gave some protection to the legs.[citation needed]

Regiments were organised into six troops, of one hundred troopers plus officers, non-commissioned officers and specialists (drummers, farriers etc.). Each troop had its own standard, 2 feet (61 cm) square. On the battlefield, a regiment was normally formed as two "divisions" of three troops, one commanded by the regiment's colonel (or the major, if the colonel was not present), the other by the lieutenant colonel.[9]

Their discipline was markedly superior to that of their Royalist counterparts. Cromwell specifically forbade his men to gallop after a fleeing enemy, but demanded they hold the battlefield. This meant that the New Model cavalry could charge, break an enemy force, regroup and charge again at another objective. On the other hand, when required to pursue, they did so relentlessly, not breaking ranks to loot abandoned enemy baggage as Royalist horse often did.[10]

Dragoons
The New Model Army contained one regiment of dragoons, of twelve companies each of one hundred men, under Colonel John Okey. Dragoons were mounted infantry, and wore much the same uniform as musketeers although they probably wore stout cloth gaiters to protect the legs while riding. They were armed with flintlock "snaphaunces" rather than the matchlock muskets carried by the infantry, and horseman's swords.

On the battlefield, their major function was to clear enemy musketeers from in front of their main position. At the Battle of Naseby, they were used to outflank enemy cavalry.

They were also useful in patrolling and scouting. In sieges, they were often used to assault breaches carrying flintlock carbines and grenades. The storming party were sometimes offered cash payments, as this was a very risky job. Once the forlorn hope established a foothold in the enemy position, the infantry followed them with their more cumbersome pikes and matchlock muskets.

In 1650, Okey's dragoons were converted into a regiment of horse. It appears that after that date, unregimented companies of dragoons raised from the Militia and other sources were attached to the regiments of horse and foot as required. This was the case at the Battle of Dunbar on 3 September 1650.
Straight two-edged broadsword blade with shallow central fuller. Blade length 36 inches, overall 40.5 inches long

Code: 23159Price: 1995.00 GBP


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A Superb American Kentucky-Pensylvania Flintlock Rifle With Sprung Patchbox
Early 19th century. Full length stock with tiger stripe wood and typical crescent butt. Flintlock action with double 'set trigger' action, [designed for a hair trigger performance] maker named probably Galcher. Crescent butt with spring action brass butt box for patches and flints. This is an absolutely beautiful gun, in super condition for age, used by the great frontiersmen of America. The settlers of western Virginia, Tennessee, and North Carolina soon gained a reputation for hardy independence and rifle marksmanship as a way of life, further reinforced by the performance of riflemen in the American Revolution as well as the War of 1812. In that war, the longrifle gained its more famous nickname the Kentucky Rifle, after a popular song "The Hunters of Kentucky", about Andrew Jackson and his victory at the Battle of New Orleans, where southern riflemen inflicted horrendous casualties to British invaders and suffered almost no losses themselves.

Just why the American rifle developed its characteristic long barrel is a matter of much conjecture. The German gunsmiths working in America would have been very familiar with German rifles, which seldom had barrels longer than 30 inches, and often had barrels much shorter. One good argument is that the gun could be loaded (from the muzzle) while on horse back, by resting the butt of the rifle on the ground. Another is that the longer barrel allowed for finer sighting and thus greater accuracy. But for whatever reason, by the 1750s it was common to see frontiersmen carrying a new and distinctive style of rifle that was used with great skill to provide tens of thousands of deer hides for the British leather industry.

These woodsmen were also exceptional trackers and Indian fighters, and played an important role in the French and Indian War which was in large part a guerilla war fought in many parts of the American back country. By the time of the American Revolution a strong tradition of riflery had been ingrained into the citizens of Virginia, Pennsylvania, and North Carolina, and all lands west into the Indian territories. The gun is overall is very good condition, the forend had two old wood repair inserts. Barrel length 34 inches, overall 49.5 inches

Code: 23158Price: 3995.00 GBP

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