A Superb 1805 'Trafalgar' Royal Naval Officers Sword in Original ScabbardAlthough known as the 1805 pattern the design was made and used from the late 1790's. Used from 1798 until the 1820's, a very good sword for a junior Royal Naval Officer used in the era of the Battle of Trafalgar, the Wars with France, the Napoleonic Wars, and the War of 1812. We show an original painting from the era of a young lieutenant carrying in his arm his identical sword type. P-hilt in copper gilt and traditional Royal Navy cast fouled-anchor langets. Fully etched blade with elaborate designs and canon with acanthus leaves. The last time we had such a sword with its original scabbard was over two years ago, and who knows how long we may have to wait to see another, these swords can only become more and more rare as time passes. This comes complete with original copper gilt and leather over strengthened steel scabbard with it's original copper chape showing much of its original pitch tar water protection coating. This sword is in a most remarkable 'untouched for 200 years' condition, with much of its original gilt remaining to the hilt, and all original triple wire binding over its sharkskin covered grip. Its scabbard throat has a most rarely seen snake head belt hanging mount. An absolute gem straight from the greatest naval engagements of British maritime history. Exactly the form of sword as was carried by the various Lieutenants serving under Admiral Nelson at Trafalgar on all of the ships of the line in his fleet. The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies, during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815).
Twenty-seven British ships of the line led by Admiral Lord Nelson aboard HMS Victory defeated thirty-three French and Spanish ships of the line under the French Admiral Villeneuve in the Atlantic off the southwest coast of Spain, just west of Cape Trafalgar, in Caños de Meca. The Franco-Spanish fleet lost twenty-two ships, without a single British vessel being lost. It was the most decisive naval battle of the war, conclusively ending French plans to invade England.
The British victory spectacularly confirmed the naval supremacy that Britain had established during the eighteenth century and was achieved in part through Nelson's departure from the prevailing naval tactical orthodoxy. This involved engaging an enemy fleet in a single line of battle parallel to the enemy to facilitate signalling in battle and disengagement, and to maximise fields of fire and target areas. Nelson instead divided his smaller force into two columns directed perpendicularly against the enemy fleet, with decisive results.
Nelson was shot by a French musketeer during the battle and died shortly after, becoming one of Britain's greatest war heroes. Villeneuve was captured along with his ship Bucentaure. Admiral Federico Gravina, the senior Spanish flag officer, escaped with the remnant of the fleet and succumbed months later to wounds sustained during the battle. Villeneuve attended Nelson's funeral while a captive on parole in Britain. Some shagreen [sharkskin] loss on one side of the grip. No scabbard. All over areas of battle service but for a combat sword of over 200 summers it is in lovely untouched condition as good as any as might be seen in the National Maritime museum.
Code: 21080Price: 1995.00 GBP
Stunning 18th Century to Napoleonic Wars Light Dragoon Pistol By Durs EggMade by one of the greatest ever British gunsmiths, who founded his business in London in 1772. With a fabulous natural age patina that can only be cheived by centuries of care and handling. There are numerous examples of his arms in the Royal Collection, including the pair to this gun [see photo in the gallery]. This is a truly lovely example, with signs of combat use, naturally, but in singularly good order with exceptional makers mark, superbly sharp and crisp action. This would have been used right from the American War of Independence period of the 1770's right through to Waterloo against Napoleon in 1815. An Elliot 1756 pattern British Light Dragoon regiment flintlock pistol . George Augustus Elliott was a man of renown efficiency. Scottish born in 1717, he rose through the ranks to become Aide-de-Camp to King George II by 1756. In 1759, he raised and commanded the 1st Light Horse and thus began the concept of Light Dragoons in the British Army. At the time, commanders of irregular forces could outfit the men as they chose, and Elliot went about designing improved weapons and equipment for his Troop of Horse. His legacy is the Elliot Light Dragoon Pistol, the Elliot Light Dragoon Carbine, and the Elliot Light Dragoon Saddle.
The light dragoon pistol was the result of a need for a smaller lighter cavalry sidearm than the longer. Heavy Dragoon Pattern which had seen service throughout the Seven Year War. The Elliott Pattern saw service through the American War of Independence and into the Napoleonic Wars.
Its short 9” barrel made it a light and extremely maneuverable weapon. Available in .62 cal. Smoothbore Fitted with brass furniture throughout it has much simpler lines than its predecessor. Lacking the raised carving around the trigger guard and lock, and also lacking a ramrod entry pipe, it was easier, faster to produce. One of the conclusions from battle experiences during the Seven Years War was the necessity of a pattern of pistol specifically for the Light Dragoon Regiments of the British Army. Introduced in the 1760s, the Light Dragoon pistol graced of holsters of the brave troopers of the 16th and 17th Light Dragoons along with American mounted units loyal to the crown. The latter included the King's American Dragoons, Tarleton's famous British Legion, along with the Hussars and Light Dragoons of the Queen's Rangers. Both the British Legion and the Queen's Rangers skirmished with the France's Lauzun Legion of Hussars during the Yorktown Campaign. After the American Revolution, this pistol continued to be used by Light Dragoons into the Napoleonic Wars. It was very slightly improved over the decades of it service with the earlier examples having a slightly banana shaped lock with swan neck cock, the later ones like tis example having a straighter lined lock and a ring neck cock. It was however, slowly fazed out after the Napoleonic Wars as the introduction of the New Land Pattern [with it's captive ramrod system] took hold. This pistol was a frontline issue flintlock that would have seen incredible service as the faithful sidearm to a British light dragoon/hussar trooper, or maybe a lancer, over very likely four decades or more. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables. Areas of field combat service stock repairs and marks, exactly as to be expected with a pistol of this vintage and breadth of service
Code: 21073Price: 1995.00 GBP
An Exceptional German 1934 SA Dagger Rare Transitional Double Maker MarkedWith original double belt straps. All it's original cross grain polish on the blade and the grey frosting within the etched motto. Made by Carl Krebs with logo plus RZM stamp and code M7/5. This dagger was used by one of Hitler's 'Brown shirt' Storm troopers. The original leader of the SA was Ernst Röhm, one of Hitler's most loyal and faithful of followers. However, due to the alleged conspiracy against Hitler by Röhm [that was simply invented by the psychotic Henrich Himler, leader of the SS] Rohm, alongside his senior staff, was executed in a classic putsch, in an event known as 'The Night of the Long Knives'. When provided with 'evidence' of Röhm's conspiracy Hitler initially refused to believe the dossier provided by Himmler's protégé, Heydrich, as he had liked Röhm and always believed him loyal. Röhm had been one of his first supporters and, without his ability to obtain army funds in the early days of the movement, it is unlikely that the Nazis would have ever become established. The SA under Röhm's leadership had also played a vital role in destroying the opposition during the elections of 1932 and 1933. However, Adolf Hitler had his own reasons for wanting Röhm removed. Powerful supporters of Hitler had been complaining about Röhm for some time. The generals were fearful due to knowing Röhm's desire to have the SA, a force of over 3 million men, absorb the much smaller German Army into its ranks under his leadership. Further, reports of a huge cache of weapons in the hands of SA members, gave the army commanders even more concern. Industrialists, who had provided the funds for the Nazi victory, were unhappy with Röhm's socialistic views on the economy and his claims that the real revolution had still to take place. Matters came to a head in June 1934 when President von Hindenburg, who had the complete loyalty of the Army, informed Hitler that if he didn't move to curb the SA then Hindenburg would dissolve the Government and declare martial law.
His organization, the SA [Sturmabeitlung] continued, but was from then on subordinate to Himmler's SS, where before it was superior to the SS. The command structure for the region including the Nordsee gruppe, Obergruppe VI (Hannover) was, between 07.07.1933 - 30.06.1934 SA-Obergruppenführer Viktor Lutze, The Nordsee gruppe from 1933 - 1934 SA-Gruppenführer Wilhelm Freiherr von Schorlemer, 1934 - 1944 SA-Gruppenführer Heinrich Böhmcker 1944 - 1945 Dr. Hans-Joachim Fischer. Condition 9 out of 10. Just minor discolouration, markings and natural wear marks, small dent on scabbard chape ball.
Code: 21079Price: 995.00 GBP
First-Rate 18th Century Ship's Capt. Spring-Bayonet Pistol, Demon Butt CapSuperlative quality flintlock pistol with the delightful combination of fine brass, steel, walnut, and ivory. A brass 40-bore flintlock boxlock action ship's captain pistol with soide mounted spring bayonet. It has a 5inch tapering brass barrel finely engraved with flames at the muzzle and fitted with a spring bayonet to the right side released by a catch on the action, border fancy engraved action further engraved with mystical or cabbalistic engraving to either side, sliding safety, bag-shaped wooden butt, mounted with a grotesque hand carved demon face-mask butt cap, expertly carved from ivory. The engraving on both lock faces contains the letters beta, lambda, tau, omnikron, of course in certain forms of talismanic cabbalistic script the letters could easily have an alternative meaning. Mystical engravings can be seen on 18th century weapons, French or British, but more usually swords, as the owner was often convinced it imbued the owner with mystical powers in combat and divine protection in battle. Ship's Captains found such brass barrelled [thus sea-spray proof] guns so desirable as they had two prime functions to potentially clear the decks with one shot, and the knowledge to an assailant that the pistol had the capability to achieve such a result, and have a bayonet to run through any man the ball failed to kill. In the 18th and 19th century enemy boarding were most common, and mutiny was also common fear for all commanders, and not a rare as one might imagine. The Capt. Could keep about his person or locked in his gun cabinet in his quarters a gun just as this. The barrel could be loaded with single ball or swan shot, ball twice as large as normal fouling gun shot, that when discharged at close quarter could be devastating, and terrifyingly effective. Potentially taken out four or five assailants at once. However, this gun also has the rarely seen feature of a spring loaded bayonet, that could double it's effectiveness by threat or action. 14.25 inches long
Code: 21078Price: 3775.00 GBP
A Most Beautiful 19th Century Polychrome Enamel and Gold Poniard DaggerA high quality French enamelled and gilt romantic dagger with an 8cm sharply curved 'tiger's claw' diamond section blade. Ideal for concealment about one's person or within a ladies garter. The blade, though small, would be extremely effective, and just like its name, its tiger's claw form could be highly successful in a trained hand. The hilt decorated in the classical manner with scrolling foliage highlighted in gilt on a blue and white enamel ground, contained in its cast pure gilt metal scabbard, with oval panels depicting a Romanesque lady wearing a diaphanous gown, and an armoured renaissance nobleman, similarly decorated ensuite with blue and white enamels and pure gilt highlights. Overall in superb condition with a small loss to the white enamel to one oval panel. One of the few antique edged weapons that one sees that are perfect for a lady of discernment as well as a collector of fine object d'art. 6.75 inches long overall
Code: 21077Price: 1850.00 GBP
A Very Fine 'Owl of Athena' Classical Stiletto Dagger With Flamboyant BladeA most beautiful 19th century classical form dagger with a finest stiletto double fullered diamond form blade with chiselled edges of scalloping and an armour piercing tip. The dagger has brass mounted hilt chiselled with foliage and flower heads, and downturned quillons, the scabbard is embossed throughout with acanthus leaves, scrolls and a representation of the owl of the goddess Athena, as a dagger. It has a fine turned ivory grip, with disc pommel set with a ruby gemstone. The owl of Athena were often used for motivation during battles by ancient Greeks, such as in the victory of Agathocles of Syracuse over the Carthaginians in 310 BC —in which owls flying through the ranks were interpreted as Athena’s blessing. In the 19th century fine daggers were made in what was known as the romantic form, much inspired by Sir Walter Scott and his revitalization of stories of knights and heros of centuries past, and the art of the pre Raphaelite movement. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was founded in John Millais's parents' house on Gower Street, London in 1848. At the first meeting, the painters John Everett Millais, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, and William Holman Hunt were present. Hunt and Millais were students at the Royal Academy of Arts and had met in another loose association, the Cyclographic Club, a sketching society. At his own request Rossetti became a pupil of Ford Madox Brown in 1848. As an aspiring poet, Rossetti wished to develop the links between Romantic poetry and art. By autumn, four more members, painters James Collinson and Frederic George Stephens, Rossetti's brother, poet and critic William Michael Rossetti, and sculptor Thomas Woolner, had joined to form a seven-member-strong brotherhood. In ancient Greek literature, Athena is portrayed as the astute companion of heroes and as the patron goddess of heroic endeavour; in the Odyssey, she is the divine counselor to Odysseus, and she was believed to have also aided the hero Perseus. In Greek mythology, Athena was believed to have been born from the head of her father Zeus. She was known as Athena Parthenos ("Athena the Virgin"), but, in one archaic Attic myth, the god Hephaestus tried and failed to rape her, resulting in Gaia giving birth to Erichthonius. In the founding myth of Athens, Athena bested Poseidon in a competition over patronage of the city by creating the first olive tree. Along with Aphrodite and Hera, Athena was one of the three goddesses whose feud resulted in the beginning of the Trojan War.
In the later writings of the Roman poet Ovid, Athena was said to have competed against the mortal Arachne in a weaving competition, afterwards transforming Arachne into the first spider; Ovid also describes how she transformed Medusa into a Gorgon after witnessing her being raped by Poseidon in her temple. Since the Renaissance, Athena has become an international symbol of wisdom and the arts. Western artists and allegorists have often used Athena as a symbol of freedom and democracy.
The dagger is 8.25 inches long overall.
Code: 21076Price: 1595.00 GBP
A Fabulous, Spectacular, IInd Empire Napoleonic French Officers SwordFit for an Emperor!.. A most stunning high ranking French 19th century officers sword, with all its original mercurial gilt remaining. Cast and chisselled hilt with the Imperial Napoleonic French eagle surrounded by an oakleaf wreath upon the shell guard. Mother o'pearl grip plates. Rococo scrolling throughout. Blade signed and made by the famous French sword maker Coulax of Klingenthal. In fantastic condition for age. Charles-Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, later known as Louis Napoleon and then Napoleon III, was born in Paris on the night of 20–21 April 1808. His presumed father was Louis Bonaparte, the younger brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made Louis the King of Holland from 1806 until 1810. His mother was Hortense de Beauharnais, the daughter by the first marriage of Napoleon's wife Joséphine de Beauharnais.
As empress, Joséphine proposed the marriage as a way to produce an heir for the Emperor, who agreed, as Joséphine was by then infertile. Louis married Hortense when he was twenty-four and she was nineteen. They had a difficult relationship, and only lived together for brief periods. Their first son died in 1807, and, though separated, they decided to have a third. They resumed their marriage for a brief time in Toulouse in July 1807, and Louis was born premature, two weeks short of nine months. Louis-Napoleon's enemies, including Victor Hugo, spread the gossip that he was the child of a different man, but most historians agree today that he was the legitimate son of Louis Bonaparte.
Charles-Louis was baptized at the Palace of Fontainebleau on 5 November 1810, with Emperor Napoleon serving as his godfather and Empress Marie-Louise as his godmother. His father stayed away, once again separated from Hortense. At the age of seven, Louis-Napoleon visited his uncle at the Tuileries Palace in Paris. Napoleon held him up to the window to see the soldiers parading in the courtyard of the Carousel below. He last saw his uncle with the family at the Château de Malmaison, shortly before Napoleon departed for Waterloo.
All members of the Bonaparte dynasty were forced into exile after the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo and the Bourbon Restoration of monarchy in France. Hortense and Louis-Napoleon moved from Aix to Berne to Baden, and finally to a lakeside house at Arenenberg in the Swiss canton of Thurgau. He received some of his education in Germany at the gymnasium school at Augsburg, Bavaria. As a result, for the rest of his life his French had a slight but noticeable German accent. His tutor at home was Philippe Le Bas, an ardent republican and the son of a revolutionary and close friend of Robespierre. Le Bas taught him French history and radical politics. In foreign policy, Napoleon III aimed to reassert French influence in Europe and around the world. He was a supporter of popular sovereignty, and of nationalism. In Europe, he allied with Britain and defeated Russia in the Crimean War (1854–56). French troops assisted Italian unification by fighting on the side of the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia. In return, in 1860 France received Savoy and the county of Nice. Later, however, to appease fervent French Catholics, he sent soldiers to defend the residual Papal States against annexation by Italy. No scabbard
Code: 21074Price: 1495.00 GBP
A Fine Looking Napoleonic Wars 'Brown Bess'.75 Cal Musket, Wilson of LondonBearing a very good 1770's pattern Windus flintlock signed by Wilson of London, all brass mounts and the full stock pattern of regulation transitional period type, with sighted barrel, rounded lock with East India mark on the tail, and iron ramrod, 96.5 cm Barrel. This musket has a superb overall natural age patina, a jolly nice and tight spring action, signs of battle use as one would expect, but in delightful condition with fine colour and without any age rust or pitting. The form of Brown Bess used by the regiment under the command of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington from his time commanding EIC forces. He was a colonel of the 33rd Foot by 1796, and saw action in the Netherlands and in India, where he fought in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War at the Battle of Seringapatam and at Battle of Assaye. He was appointed governor of Seringapatam and Mysore in 1799 and, as a newly appointed major-general (since 1802), won a decisive victory over the Maratha Confederacy at the Battle of Assaye in 1803.
Wellesley rose to prominence as a general during the Peninsular campaign of the Napoleonic Wars, and was promoted to the rank of field marshal after leading the allied forces to victory against the Napoleonic French Empire at the Battle of Vitoria in 1813. Following Napoleon's exile in 1814, he served as the ambassador to France and was granted a dukedom. During the Hundred Days in 1815, he commanded the allied army which, together with the assistance at the latter part of the battle of a Prussian army under Blücher, defeated Napoleon at Waterloo. Wellington's battle record is exemplary; he ultimately participated in some 60 battles during the course of his military career.
Wellington is famous for his adaptive defensive style of warfare, resulting in several victories against numerically superior forces while minimising his own losses. He is regarded as one of the greatest defensive commanders of all time, and many of his tactics and battle plans are still studied in military academies around the world. One lock retaining screw is lacking but fortunately this can be easily replaced.
Code: 21072Price: 2750.00 GBP
A Superb Victorian London-Scottish Rifle Volunteer Regt. DoubletIn wonderful condition for age, just a few very tiny moth holes, all the original regimental buttons are present. The tunic and buttons were tailored by Hobson & Sons of London, and it bears a makers label and an original old storage label. In 1859 the London Scottish Rifle Volunteers were raised, sponsored by the Highland Society and the Caledonian Society of London, and commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Elcho. The soldiers were given a uniform of homespun cloth known as Hodden Grey to avoid inter-clan rivalry and kilts today are still made of this distinctive material.
During the Boer War, the Regiment supplied contingents of Volunteers who served with the Gordon Highlanders and those links survive still. In 1908 the Volunteer Force ceased to exist and became the Territorial Force. The 7th Middlesex (London Scottish) Volunteer Rifle Corps changed its name to the 14th (County of London) Battalion, The London Regiment (London Scottish).
The 1st Battalion was mobilised on 5 August 1914 and was the first Territorial battalion to go into action against the Germans at Messines, near Ypres on 31 October. The Battalion continued to serve in France and Flanders throughout the War taking part in all the major offensives. The 2nd Battalion served in France, the Balkans and Palestine, while a 3rd Battalion was a Reserve Battalion and supplied drafts to the other two. Two Victoria Crosses and nineteen Distinguished Service Orders were awarded to members of the Regiment. We have a very fine and pristine antique London Scottish regimental silver buckle and belt for sale seperately [website catalogue number 20999]. We show in the gallery a picture of a London Scottish soldier in profile wearing his same doublet from the Zulu War period, holding his Martini Henry MK 1/11 Rifle
Code: 21066Price: 995.00 GBP
Rare Victorian Waist Belt Buckle of The Dundee Volunteer RiflesIn jolly good condition, and a most rarely seen Scottish military buckle. With roccoco acanthus terminals, Dundee City arms to the centre.
Code: 21065Price: 235.00 GBP
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