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A Beautiful Greco-Persian Wars Bronze Age Dagger Around 2500 Years Old.
A most stunning slender dagger of a noble. With an elegant 6.5 inch slender blade, and 9.75 inches long overall. Eared pommel and flanged hilt Superb patina and encrustaceans to the blade and hilt. The Greco-Persian Wars (also often called the Persian Wars) were a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire and Greek city-states that started in 499 BC and lasted until 449 BC. The collision between the fractious political world of the Greeks and the enormous empire of the Persians began when Cyrus the Great conquered the Greek-inhabited region of Ionia in 547 BC. Struggling to rule the independent-minded cities of Ionia, the Persians appointed tyrants to rule each of them. This would prove to be the source of much trouble for the Greeks and Persians alike.

In 499 BC, the tyrant of Miletus, Aristagoras, embarked on an expedition to conquer the island of Naxos, with Persian support; however, the expedition was a debacle and, preempting his dismissal, Aristagoras incited all of Hellenic Asia Minor into rebellion against the Persians. This was the beginning of the Ionian Revolt, which would last until 493 BC, progressively drawing more regions of Asia Minor into the conflict. Aristagoras secured military support from Athens and Eretria, and in 498 BC these forces helped to capture and burn the Persian regional capital of Sardis. The Persian king Darius the Great vowed to have revenge on Athens and Eretria for this act. The revolt continued, with the two sides effectively stalemated throughout 497–495 BC. In 494 BC, the Persians regrouped, and attacked the epicentre of the revolt in Miletus. At the Battle of Lade, the Ionians suffered a decisive defeat, and the rebellion collapsed, with the final members being stamped out the following year.

Code: 21893Price: 875.00 GBP

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A Wartime Royal Navy Sweetheart Brooch in Gold and Tortoishell
Gold [probably 9ct] Royal Naval engraved anchor badge inset into a tortoishell disc in a gilt metal outer frame. 1 inch across

Code: 21892Price: 65.00 GBP

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A Very Attractive Original Small Viking Bearded Axe, With Engraved Runes
From 1200 to 1000 Years Old. Futhark Norse islandic and Viking rune engraving of the triangle with three circles. The triangle is one of the great runic symbols that has endured for centuries, including Viking mysticism and witchcraft. As a weapon, the Viking axes were quite convenient and a very well balanced weapon. They could strike a deadly blow, both from a distance as well as further away. The Viking axes where very well formed for cutting the enemy, though there are few evidences that the axes where thrown at their opponent. In some of the Viking sagas, there were Vikings that threw their axes at their opponents, but mostly these were retaliations after having been hurt in an attack. Usually when we talk about the ancient Vikings, the notorious raiders come to mind. But this is only a part of the picture, and a small part at that. We seldom see the huge culture that rests behind these coastal raiders, the families, arts and crafts of the Scandinavians in the early middle ages.

Most of the time these people are being called ancient Vikings or just simply Vikings. But this word is not the word used by these people themselves or by the monks writing about their first encounter. Northmenn or Normans is more correct way of calling them.

The word Viking comes from the old Nordic word vik or bay and was according to the Icelandic sagas, used in reference with the act of pirating. The phrase “fara í viking” in English meant sailing off to far away shores to pillage.

The word Viking or Vikings has become so well known, that it’s probably easier to change our ideas about these people than start using another name for them. For us, the descendants of these people, the word Viking also holds a deeper meaning. For us it’s not just a cult, it’s a culture. It’s who we are. As with all our items it comes complete with our certificate of authenticity.

Code: 21891Price: 750.00 GBP

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An DAK Afrika Korps 1941-43 German Officer's Uniform Rank Collar Tab
Removed from a service tunic. The Afrika Korps or German Africa Corps (German: Deutsches Afrikakorps, DAK About this soundlisten (help·info)) was the German expeditionary force in Africa during the North African Campaign of World War II. First sent as a holding force to shore up the Italian defense of their African colonies, the formation fought on in Africa, under various appellations, from March 1941 until its surrender in May 1943. The unit's best known commander was Field Marshal Erwin Rommel.

Code: 21890Price: 120.00 GBP

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A Wartime New Zealand Sweetheart Brooch in Gold and Tortoishell
Gilt frame around a tortoishell disc inlaid with a gold crest [probably 9ct] for the New Zealand volunteers during the war, with the old motto for New Zealand 'Onward'. Metal mount and pin. 1 inch across.

Code: 21889Price: 75.00 GBP

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A Good German WW2 Iron Cross Ist Class Breast Badge Bravery Award
In completely untouched condition for the past 73 years. It would polish nicely, but some collectors may prefer to leave 'as is'. The Iron Cross comes in two grades, Second Class and First Class. This example the Iron Cross First Class could only be awarded for an act of outstanding bravery and also to one who had previously received the Iron Cross Second Class. Hence, the First Class was more restricted and more highly prized. When the Iron Cross First Class was awarded, the Iron Cross Second Class was signified with a small ribbon attached to a button. Adolf Hitler was awarded this identical type of 1st Class Iron Cross in WW1, and always wore it throughout WW2 with pride. Next to the Victoria Cross, it is the most famous medal in the world. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other conspicuous military contributions in a battlefield environment. In order to receive the Iron Cross 1st Class Heer and Waffen SS men would have to perform three to four further acts of courage from the one that earned him the 2nd Class; The Luftwaffe and Kriegsmarine had the following criteria; the award was regularly awarded to U-boat Commanders upon sinking 50,000 tons and to Luftwaffe pilots when they achieved six or seven confirmed
kills; Of course these were only guidelines, and a single act of great importance or a long steady career could earn the individual the Cross. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: When in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar. For everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button.
The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening toward the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century.

Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented.

Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year "1914", while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated "1939". The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year "1813" appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials "FW" for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a "W" for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany's armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871.

Code: 21885Price: 325.00 GBP

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A Remarkable WW2 'Desert Rat' Souvenir of the Afrika Korps Campaign
This is one of the best and impressive pieces of original WW2 Africa Korps trench art, made by British Army 'Desert Rat' we have ever seen. This is a very special piece indeed, encompassing many collecting fields, including the Afrika Campaign, Rommel, Montgomery of El Alamein, the Desert Rats and the early 88mm German Tiger tanks. A stunning desk piece of 'trench art' made from a captured 88mm German cannon shell, as used by a Tiger tanks in the Afrika campaign. It also bears within it a British George Vth penny and an Egyptian 10 millemes coin minted in 1943, a Royal Artillery cap badge and a Royal Artillery scroll motto. Made a member of the Royal Artillery, possibly specifically for the Officer's or Sergeants Mess. A wonderful souvenir that has its very own built in provenance for the Desert Rat campaign in Egypt in 1942/3. The shell bears German waffenamt inspection stamps, dated 1936 and bearing its manufacturer code. This shell case was made before the war, possibly used in the war in Spain 1936-39, and then right through the war till 1943, finally being salvaged by a Royal Artilleryman in 1943. All the German, brass 88mm cannon shell cases were re-cycled and re-issued as much as possible by the Wehrmacht, due to the lack of materials suffered by the German war machine. The North African Campaign of the Second World War took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943. It included campaigns fought in the Libyan and Egyptian deserts (Western Desert Campaign, also known as the Desert War) and in Morocco and Algeria (Operation Torch), as well as Tunisia (Tunisia Campaign). A fluctuating series of battles for control of Libya and regions of Egypt followed, reaching a climax in the Second Battle of El Alamein in October 1942 when British Commonwealth forces under the command of Lieutenant-General Bernard Montgomery inflicted a decisive defeat on Rommel's Afrika Korps and forced its remnants into Tunisia. After the Anglo-American landings (Operation Torch) in North-West Africa in November 1942, and subsequent battles against Vichy France forces (who then changed sides), the Allies encircled several hundred thousand German and Italian personnel in northern Tunisia and finally forced their surrender in May 1943. After victory by the Allies in the North African Campaign, the stage was set for the Italian Campaign to begin. The invasion of Sicily followed two months later. Nearly 400,000 Axis and Allied troops were either lost, injured, or died of disease by the end of the North African Campaign. 4.25 inches across, 3 inches high weight just under 1 kilo

Code: 21887Price: 295.00 GBP

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A Super Victorian Martini Henry MKII Carbine, The Royal Irish Constabulary
Martini Henry .450/577 rifle carbine in superb finish and polish, with regulation stock extension, regimental disc still present and issued to the Royal Irish Constabulary. With ladder site, no sling swivels. The first pattern of breech loading lever action rifle issued to the RIC. In later decades they were issued the bolt action Lee Metford/Enfield from the 1900's. The stock has looks truly fantastic and still maintains a stunning polish and colour. All the steel parts are almost completely pitting free. This is truly a remarkable example of a most historical rifle carbine of Victorian history. The action is superbly tight and operates very well indeed. A Martini Henry Mark II police carbine were shortened versions of the Martini Henry rifle, sporting 21 inch barrels. Action stamped with London Small Arms VR cipher and dated 1880, and the stock RIC numbered 601. The barrel breech has been, near invisibly, rendered unserviceable for safety. The first organised police forces in Ireland came about through the Peace Preservation Act in 1814 for which Sir Robert Peel (1788–1850) was largely responsible (the colloquial names "Bobby" and "Peeler" derive from his name Robert and Peel), and the Irish Constabulary Act in 1822 formed the provincial constabularies. The 1822 Act established a force in each province with chief constables and inspectors general under the UK civil administration for Ireland controlled by the Dublin Castle administration. By 1841 this force numbered over 8,600 men. The original force had been reorganised under The Act of 1836, and the first constabulary code of regulations was published in 1837. The discipline was strict and the pay low. The police faced civil unrest among the Irish rural poor, and was involved in bloody confrontations during the period of the Tithe War. Other deployments were against organisations like the Ribbonmen, which attacked landlords, their property and stock. The RIC was to some extent a quasi-military or gendarmerie ethos; with barracks, carbines, a marked class distinction between officers and men, plus a dark green uniform with black buttons and insignia, resembling that of the rifle regiments of the British Army. However, it also followed civic police forces in the rest of the UK in using non-military ranks such as "constable" and "inspector"; and there was a gesture towards "policing by consent" through attempts to match postings to the religious affiliation of the communities affected. Shipping only within the UK.

Code: 21882Price: 995.00 GBP

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A Very Fine British Napoleonic Wars Tower of London Cavalry Troopers Pistol
Circa 1802. A regulation. 'Cavalry of the Line issue' 'New Land' pattern flintlock, in superb condition with regimental stamps on the lock side plate. Superb tight and crisp action, glorious patination the walnut stock. Made at the Tower of London and used by the frontline British Cavalry regiments during the Peninsular War, War of 1812, and the Hundred Days War, culminating at Waterloo. Introduced in the 1796 and in production by 1802, the New land Cavalry Pistol provided one model of pistol for all of Britain's light cavalry and horse artillery. Another new element was the swivel ramrod which greatly improved the process of loading the pistol on horseback.
The service of British Cavalry regiments, particularly the Light Dragoons, proved essential in the mastery of the Indian Subcontinent. The Duke of Wellington, then Arthur Wellesley, was primarily recognized for his military genius by his battles in India. Of particular note was the Battle of Assaye in 1803 where the 6000 British faced a Mahratta Army of at least 40,000. During the engagement the 19th Light Dragoons saved the 74th Regiment by charging the enemy guns 'like a torrent that had burst its banks'. Pistols firing and sabre slashing, the 19th broke the enemy's position and the day was won. 19th Light Dragoons gained "Assaye" as a battle honour, and the nickname "Terrors of the East". The 19th Light Dragoons eventually served in North America during the War of 1812 and so did this form of pistol. Cavalry was the 'shock' arm, with lance and sabres the principal hand weapons. The division between 'heavy' and light was very marked during Wellington's time: 'heavy' cavalry were huge men on big horses, 'light' cavalry were more agile troopers on smaller mounts who could harass as well as shock.

During the Napoleonic Wars, French cavalry was unexcelled. Later as casualties and the passage of years took their toll, Napoleon found it difficult to maintain the same high standards of cavalry performance. At the same time, the British and their allies steadily improved on their cavalry, mainly by devoting more attention to its organization and training as well as by copying many of the French tactics, organization and methods. During the Peninsular War, Wellington paid little heed to the employment of cavalry in operations, using it mainly for covering retreats and chasing routed French forces. But by the time of Waterloo it was the English cavalry that smashed the final attack of Napoleon's Old Guard.

Code: 21881Price: 2250.00 GBP

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An Incredible 1100 Year Old Viking Spear With Norse Knotwork Engraving
It is so rare to find an original Höggspjót Viking spear with its original Norse knotwork engraving, and it is simply incredible to see after more than a thousand years. An original Höggspjót large head spear of a Viking Norse clan chief with superb Norse incised knotwork, as one might see on the legendary Gungnir, Spear of Odin itself. {Old Norse Gungnir, “Swaying;”} Larger-headed spears were called Höggspjót, (great hewing spear), from Old Norse högg, "stroke, blow, slaughter, beheading", and could also be used for cutting. A two-handed grip on the spear shaft gives the Viking spear more power and usability than a one-hand grip. Both ends and the shaft of a Viking spear could be used to hit an opponent, block attacks with weapons, and even trip opponents. By shifting the hand hold on a spear shaft, the ends can be used to hit an opponent at short range and long range. With a sliding grip, a spear can be thrust forward in such a way that both hands end up at the butt end of the shaft, which allows the spear to reach the full extent of the shaft in a thrust. As you’d expect for the weapon of a god, Gungnir is no ordinary spear. It was created by the dwarves, the most skilled smiths in the cosmos, as is related in the tale of how the gods’ greatest treasures were made. Gungnir is said to have runes carved on its point, which presumably increase its aim and deadliness through magic. Archaeology confirms that the Norse and other Germanic peoples did in fact carve runes into some of their spears; perhaps this was done in imitation of the mythical model of Gungnir. Other aspects of Gungnir definitely did serve as mythical models for human actions. This is especially true with regard to the spear’s role in human sacrifices offered to Odin.

In the war between the two tribes of gods, Odin led the Aesir gods into battle against the Vanir. He began the battle by hurling his spear over the enemy host and crying, “Óđinn á yđr alla!” (“Odin owns all of you!”). The historical Norse repeated this paradigmatic gesture, giving the opposing army as a gift to Odin in hopes that the god would return the favour by granting them victory In the Viking Age, Odin was the chief of the gods, a role which in earlier times he had shared with the god Tyr. Just as Tyr’s sword seems to have been a symbol of the power and authority of lordship (we can infer this from the number of Indo-European parallels), so Odin’s spear probably was as well. Gungnir, the finest spear in the cosmos, would have served as a compelling image of the ferocious might, both magical and military, of the grim ruler of the gods. In regards to surviving iron artefacts of the past two millennia, if Western ancient edged weapons were either lost, discarded or buried in the ground, and if the ground soil were made up of the right chemical composition, then some, may survive exceptionally, well just as did this one, and if well conserved it can be a remarkable item of antiquity looking much as it did before it was lost millennia ago. Former property of an English gentleman's collection, acquired in the 1940's. 13.5 inches long and 700 grams weight. As with all our items it comes complete with our certificate of authenticity.

Code: 21880Price: 3750.00 GBP

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