A Scarce WW2 Nazi German Heroism Award For Russian Cossack VolunteersThe Ostvolk Medal for Gallantry with Swords for Members of the Eastern Peoples, was a military award in Nazi Germany, bestowed to the personnel from the former Soviet Union (Ostvolk in German, literally 'the East people').
It took a great amount of pressure but finally, on the 14th of June 1942, Hitler gave the approval of an official award to be given to the "Eastern People or Ostvolk" . For the Cossacks at the time it was the equivalent of the Nazi Iron Cross.
The Ostvolk Medal could also be awarded to Germans serving with units manned by volunteers from the USSR, one of the recipients were Siegfried Keiling, commander of Ost-Artillerie-Abteilung 621, who received both the first and second class of the Ostvolk Medal as well as the Knight's Cross. When asked about the abilities of the soldiers under his command he answered "This Knight's Cross is the best answer to the question of their ability". A while later Hitler, due to pressure again applied by the Armies Pro Russian element, allowed the Ostvolk fighters the right to the Nazi Wound badge and the General Assault badge. It was not until 1944 that they were allowed the right to be awarded the Iron cross. Due to the Yalta Agreement Britain and America agreed to hand back to the USSR all the Russian P.O.W.`s it captured. Much to the shame on the West, these orders were carried out and the award of this badge was a sure sign for a one way trip to Siberia or an execution squad by Stalin. In October 1942 the Germans established in the Kuban a semi-autonomous Cossack District and were now in the position to recruit Cossacks from these areas, the POW camps, and defectors from the Red Army. Of the latter, the most significant was the desertion of an entire Red Army regiment (Infantry Regt. 436) which went over to the Germans on August 1941. Its commander, Major Ivan Kononv (ru), was a Don Cossack. He served in the German armed forces, ending the war as Major General in the XVth Cossack Cavalry Corps under the command of the German General Helmuth von Pannwitz.
Already in May 1943 Pannwitz was given authorization to create a first Cossack Division consisting of two brigades which trained throughout the summer in M?awa (Mielau), north of Warsaw. The division was then not, as it had hoped, sent to fight the Red Army, but instead it was ordered, in September 1943, to proceed to Yugoslavia and fight Josip Broz Tito's partisans. The Cossacks took part in several major offensives against the Partisans including Operation Rösselsprung, the attack on Tito's headquarters in Bosnia from which Tito evaded capture only by the narrowest of margins. During the summer of 1944 the two brigades were upgraded to become the 1st Cossack Cavalry Division and 2nd Cossack Cavalry Division. On February 25, 1945, these divisions were combined to become XV Cossack Cavalry Corps.
By the end of the war, the SS took control of all foreign units within the German forces. The Himmler file in the Imperial War Museum contains a record of a conversation which occurred on August 26, 1944, between Himmler, General von Pannwitz, and his Chief of Staff, Colonel H.-J. von Schultz. An agreement was reached that the Cossack divisions, soon to be the Cossack Corps, would only be placed under SS administration in terms of replacements and supplies. However, by February 1, 1945 the corps was transferred to the Waffen-SS. Despite the refusal of General von Pannwitz to enter the SS, the corps was placed under SS administration and all Cossacks became formally part of the Waffen-SS. Pannwitz accompanied his troops when they were repatriated by the British to the Soviet Union in the Operation Keelhaul, and was executed in Moscow in 1947.
Code: 21213Price: 195.00 GBP
A Good Silver and Two Colour Enamel Third Reich Deutsche Red Cross MedalDRK (Deutsches Rotes Kreuz/German Red Cross) Large size 38 mm round, plus swivel and ring. Scarce type issued without central eagle motif. 1930's probably early Third Reich. The reverse lightly textured and inscribed “Für Verdienste um das Deutsche Rote Kreuz” (German - For Service in the German Red Cross). Only made in the 3rd Reich era. In the years after the Nazi takeover, as well as adopting Nazi salutes and symbols, the DRK introduced Nazi ideology into their education. Rescue teams were trained in military conduct, basic concepts of National Socialism, genetics, racial hygiene and demographic policy. More senior staff – doctors, nurses and managers were educated in demographic policy, racial history, racial hygiene, the biology of inheritance and the foundations of genetics. As a preparation for war, the DRK focused on training people to deal with air raids and gas attacks and organised joint exercises with the police and the fire brigades.
After Nazi Germany's defeat in World War II, the Allied Military Government issued a special law outlawing the NSDAP and all of its branches. Known as "Law Number Five", this Denazification decree disbanded the DRK, like all organizations linked to the NSDAP. Social welfare organizations, including the German Red Cross, had to be established anew during the postwar reconstruction of both West Germany and the DDR.
The German Red Cross in the Federal Republic was recognized by the International Committee of the Red Cross on 25 June 1952. In the German Democratic Republic the Deutsches Rotes Kreuz der DDR was established on the 23 October 1952 and recognized by the International Red Cross on the 9 November 1954. The German Democratic Republic (GDR) Red Cross issued a magazine named Deutsches Rotes Kreuz (German Red Cross). Albert Schweitzer became an exemplary figure. The DDR Red Cross's status as a separate entity ended on 1 January 1991, when it was merged with the German Red Cross of the Federal Republic.
Code: 21212Price: 185.00 GBP
Simply Beautiful Shinto Chisa Katana Signed KatsutsuguWith a beautifully re-polished blade. Circa 1650, with original Edo shakudo mounts, including signed kodzuke decorated with a flying crane and full moon, and its signed kodzuka blade bears an horimono, the signed fushi is decorated with a superb cockerel with fine shakudo plumage, the kogai is inlaid with silver scrolls representing clouds. Original Edo lacquer saya of the finest quality decorated with tiny rectangular slices of abilone shell over black lacquer and beneath clear lacquer. The blade is grey and should be repolished to show its true beauty. The tsuba is chisseled with a nanako ground and deep relief takebori carved flower heads in silver and gold. Wakizashi have been in use as far back as the 15th or 16th century. The wakizashi was used as a backup or auxiliary sword; it was also used for close quarters fighting, and also to behead a defeated opponent and sometimes to commit ritual suicide. The wakizashi was one of several short swords available for use by samurai including the yoroi toshi, the chisa-katana and the tanto. The term wakizashi did not originally specify swords of any official blade length and was an abbreviation of "wakizashi no katana" ("sword thrust at one's side"); the term was applied to companion swords of all sizes. It was not until the Edo period in 1638 when the rulers of Japan tried to regulate the types of swords and the social groups which were allowed to wear them that the lengths of katana and wakizashi were officially set.The Chisa Katana is a slightly shorter Katana highly suitable for two handed, or two sword combat, or, combat within enclosed areas such as castles or buildings. As such they were often the sword of choice for the personal Samurai guard of a Daimyo, and generally the only warriors permitted to be armed in his presence. Chisa katana, [Chiisagatana] or literally "short katana", are shoto mounted as katana. Blade 22.75 inches from tsuba to tip, full length in saya 32 inches Blade sent for repolishing.
Code: 21206Price: 5950.00 GBP
Superb Battle Site Recovered Viking 11th Century Bearded Battle-AxeApparently recovered from a battle site over 200 years past during a Grand Tour. A wonderful bearded Viking battle-axe, in great order for its age. In recovered yet stable condition. Knowledge about the arms and armour of the Viking age is based on archaeological finds, pictorial representation, and to some extent on the accounts in the Norse sagas and Norse laws recorded in the 13th century. According to custom, all free Norse men were required to own weapons and were permitted to carry them all the time. These arms were indicative of a Viking's social status: a wealthy Viking had a complete ensemble of a helmet, shield, mail shirt, and sword. However, swords were rarely used in battle, probably not sturdy enough for combat and most likely only used as symbolic or decorative items. A typical bóndi (freeman) was more likely to fight with a spear and shield, and axe, and most also carried a seax as a utility knife and side-arm. Bows were used in the opening stages of land battles and at sea, but they tended to be considered less "honourable" than a melee weapon. The Húscarls, the elite guard of King Cnut (and later of King Harold II) were armed with two-handed axes that could split shields or metal helmets with ease.
The warfare and violence of the Vikings were often motivated and fuelled by their beliefs in Norse religion, focusing on Thor and Odin, the gods of war and death. In combat, it is believed that the Vikings sometimes engaged in a disordered style of frenetic, furious fighting known as berserkergang, leading them to be termed berserkers. Such tactics may have been deployed intentionally by shock troops, and the berserk-state may have been induced through ingestion of materials with psychoactive properties, such as the hallucinogenic mushrooms, Amanita muscaria, or large amounts of alcohol. Perhaps the most common hand weapon among Vikings was the axe – swords were more expensive to make and only wealthy warriors could afford them. The prevalence of axes in archaeological sites can likely be attributed to its role as not just a weapon, but also a common tool. This is supported by the large number of grave sites of female Scandinavians containing axes. Several types of larger axes specialized for use in battle evolved, with larger heads and longer shafts. The larger forms were as long as a man and made to be used with both hands, called the Dane Axe. Some axe heads were inlaid with silver designs. In the later Viking era, there were axe heads with crescent shaped edges measuring up to 45 centimetres (18 in) called breiðöx (broad axe). The double-bitted axes depicted in modern "Viking" art were very rare as it used more material and was seen as a waste during hard times.
Vikings most commonly carried sturdy axes that could be thrown or swung with head-splitting force. The Mammen Axe is a famous example of such battle-axes, ideally suited for throwing and melee combat.
An axe head was mostly wrought iron, with a steel cutting edge. This made the weapon less expensive than a sword, and was a standard item produced by blacksmiths, historically.
Like most other Scandinavian weaponry, axes were often given names. According to Snorri Sturluson's Prose Edda, axes were often named after she-trolls. Lacking a haft naturally but one could be crafted in old wood.
Code: 21205Price: 1275.00 GBP
David Hawkins Junior's 35th Year At The Lanes ArmouryDavid joined with Mark in the family partnership in 1983, and is celebrating his 35 years this March, some eleven years after Mark, who joined in 1972. A photo in the gallery is of our shop in Meetinghouse Lane, taken in 1920, plus some other photos of young David considering his future, and another of David in his very first month joining his brother Mark in the partnership in 1983, at the shop we had in Prince Albert St. We hesitate to show a photo of David today, as, some may say, he has aged rather poorly, through constant and diligent hard work [he says]
Code: 21202Price: On Request
Post 1953 Royal Corps of Transport Officers Cap BadgeFabulous example, early ERII Officers cap badge to the Royal Corps of Transport, nice officer quality with all enamel intact, a fine badge. Supoerb mint condition. The Royal Corps of Transport (RCT) was a British Army Corps established to manage all matters in relation to the transport of men and material for the Army and the wider Defence community. It was formed in 1965 and later in 1993 was disbanded to allow its units and trades to be amalgamated into the Royal Logistic Corps. The Depot and Training Regiment RCT was at Buller Barracks in Aldershot.
Its earliest origins link the RCT to the Commissariat, a civilian organisation responsible directly to the Treasury, which provided food and supplies to Oliver Cromwell’s New Model Army. However, the very first military transport unit, the Corps of Waggoners, was formed in 1794. This evolved into the Royal Waggon Train which served throughout the Napoleonic Wars, notably at the Battle of Waterloo.
Following its disbandment in 1833, there were a number of short-lived organisations such as the Military Train and the Land Transport Corps, but it was not until the formation of the Army Service Corps in 1899 that transport and supplies became a well organised permanent body.
At the outbreak of the First World War the Army Service Corps numbered 6,500 men, by 1918 this number had grown to 325,000 men. In recognition of the Army Service Corps’ contribution to the war effort of 1914-1919 the Corps was granted the ‘Royal’ prefix and was thus known as the Royal Army Service Corps.
Was formed in 1965 from the transport (land, water and air) elements of the Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) and the movement control element of the Royal Engineers (RE). The Royal Army Service Corps’ functions of supply and transport were separated. The RCT became responsible for transport whilst supplies became the responsibility of the Royal Army Ordnance Corps. In 1993, following the Options for Change review, the Royal Logistic Corps (RLC) was formed by the amalgamation of The Royal Corps of Transport, Royal Army Ordnance Corps, Royal Pioneer Corps, Army Catering Corps, and Postal and Courier elements of the Royal Engineers.
Code: 21201Price: 45.00 GBP
Post 1953 Ministry of Defence Fire Officer's Cap BadgeLatterly called the Defence Fire and Rescue Service (DFRS) is the primary firefighting and rescue service protecting British defence estates and property. Along with the Royal Air Force Rescue and Firefighting Service, it forms the Ministry of Defence Fire Services. The Defence Fire Service is part of the MOD Fire Services. The MoD Fire Service comprises Military Fire Services too under the general heading of the MoD Fire Service.
Code: 21200Price: 30.00 GBP
An RAF Long Service Good Conduct Medal King George VithNamed and nicely toned patina. The Royal Air Force Long Service and Good Conduct Medal was instituted by King George V in 1919, the year following the establishment of the world's first independent Air Force. The medal could be awarded to Regular Force non-commissioned officers and airmen of the Royal Air Force. The award criteria were later relaxed to also allow the award of the medal to officers who had served a minimum period in the ranks before being commissioned. The birth of modern aerial warfare during the First World War led to the establishment of the Royal Air Force on 1 April 1918, as a third Service Arm independent of the British Army and the Royal Navy and as the world's first Air Force. It was formed by the amalgamation of the Royal Flying Corps of the Army and the Royal Naval Air Service of the Navy.
Regular Force other ranks of the new "junior service" had earlier been eligible for the award of either the Army Long Service and Good Conduct Medal or the Naval Long Service and Good Conduct Medal (1848), depending on their service of origin. In the year following the establishment of the Royal Air Force, on 1 July 1919, the Royal Air Force Long Service and Good Conduct Medal was instituted by King George V, and the first awards of the medal were announced in October 1919
Code: 21199Price: 165.00 GBP
German WW2 Special Merit Award Plaque Pionier Lehr BattallionA most rarely seen piece, in fact this is our first example, a large size steel, WW2 German military award. Embossed in German around the edge which translates to; For Special Merit, the Pioneer Teaching Battalion Z.B.V..German WW2 Pioinieren regiments were military combat engineers, they created obstacles, they destroyed obstacles. They laid minefields, and cleared them. They were the "point men" for the Wehrmacht, and as such, suffered some of the highest casualties. They built bridges, ferried troops in boats, as well as destroyed bridges to keep the allies from crossing. Every Pioiniere unit had an infantry support section, an assault rifle squad per se - and they also were the troops with the Flamenwerfer - flamethrowers, the Sturmpioniere. 4.75 inches across. Photo in the gallery of the Iron Cross award ceremony for 13 Officers, NCOs and Enlisted Men from Pionier-Bataillon 221/221.Infanterie-Division/7.Armee/Heeresgruppe C, awarded various grades of the Eisernes Kreuzes, including Eisernes Kreuz II. Klasse, Eisernes Kreuz I. Klasse, and 1939 spange zum 1914 Eisernes Kreuz I. Klasse. These all were awarded by the unseen: Generalleutnant Johann Pflugbiel (24 August 1882 - 21 October 1951), Kommandeur of 221. Infanterie-Division. We presume this plaque would have been presented at such an event as this
Code: 21196Price: 325.00 GBP
Officers WW2 Glengarry Badge of the Black Watch Regt.Very good condition, multi piece construction. During World War I the 25 battalions of Black Watch fought mainly in France and Flanders, except for the 2nd Battalion which fought in Mesopotamia and Palestine, and the 10th Battalion, which was in the Balkans. Only the 1st and 2nd battalions were regulars, with the rest either part of the Territorial Force or New Army. The Black Watch served with the British 51st (Highland) Division (World War I). Sold unpolished, for those that prefer them untouched, but it would polish very nicely indeed
Battalions of the Black Watch fought in almost every major British action in World War II, from Palestine to Normandy and as Chindits (42 and 73 columns) in Burma. In 1940, the 1st Battalion, together with two Territorial Army battalions were captured at St Valery-en-Caux with the 51st (Highland) Division, but were later reformed from reserve units of the 9th (Highland) Infantry Division, and fought at the Battle of El Alamein and the Allied invasion of Sicily. After the war, in 1948, the two regular battalions were merged into one.
The regiment won honours after the Battle of the Hook during the Korean War in November 1952, and were subsequently involved in peacekeeping and counter-insurgency in various parts of the world such as the Mau Mau Uprising and Malayan Emergency; the same activity for which the regiment was raised 250 years earlier.
Code: 21195Price: 145.00 GBP
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