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ARRIVING SOON! A Very Good British, King George IIIrd Officer's-Duelling Flintlock Pistol.

Napoleonic Wars Era fine English flintlock, made by Dunderdale, Mabson and Labron. With original ivory tipped ramrod. Lock signed and with rolling frizzen. Good action and finely engraved brass mounts with pineapple finial trigger guard. Fine juglans regia walnut stock. Used by an officer who would likely have served in the Peninsular campaign and possibly the Battle of Waterloo. Good working action 15 inches long overall. As used by all officers and gentlemen of status in the King George IIIrd era. Duelling was such part of life in Georgian England, some duels gained almost mythic status. In fact they were such a part of society we show in the gallery a superb satirical painting of a duel between animals, entitled "Before the Monkey Duel" by Bristow. English guns of this period are probably the most sought after in the world by collectors, Finest walnut full-stock and steel barrel. Excellent engraved brass furniture, fully engraved throughout with acorn finial to the trigger guard. Original ivory tipped ramrod. Duelling practices and rituals were codified in the Code Duello of 1777 which set forth rules describing all aspects of an "affair of honour," from the time of day during which challenges could be received to the number of shots or wounds required for satisfaction of honour. For gentlemen the law "offered no redress for insults" he might be subject to from rivals and enemies. Shooting a fellow officer in a duel "gave a sharp edge to one's reputation, earned congratulations in the regimental mess, and brought admiring glances from the ladies…. Higher military authorities…regarded duelling as a proof test of courage…" Although theoretically banned by British Army regulations, refusing a challenge was likely to result in an officer having to leave his regiment, for the same rules that banned duelling forbade an officer from submitting to "opprobrious expressions" or "any conduct from another that should degrade him, or, in the smallest way impeach his courage." To decline a challenge was often equated to defeat by forfeiture, and was sometimes even regarded as dishonourable. Prominent and famous individuals ran an especial risk of being challenged for duels.
Among the most famous duels are the American Burr-Hamilton duel, in which notable Federalist Alexander Hamilton was fatally wounded, and the duel between Duke of Wellington and the 10th Earl of Winchelsea, wherein each participant intentionally missed the other. 200 years ago, in the middle of the Napoleonic wars, Britain launched a military and naval expedition to Walcheren in Holland. It failed. George Canning, the foreign secretary, sought covertly to blame his rival, Lord Castlereagh, and to have him removed from the War Office. When Castlereagh discovered what was going on, he wrote to Canning: “You continued to sit in the same Cabinet with me, and to leave me not only in the persuasion that I possessed your confidence and support as a colleague, but you allowed me to… proceed in the Execution of a new Enterprise of the most arduous and important nature, with your apparent concurrence… You were fully aware that if my situation in the government had been disclosed to me, I could not have submitted to remain one moment in office, without the entire abandonment of my private honour and public duty. You knew I was deceived, and you continued to deceive me.” Castlereagh demanded “satisfaction”, by which he meant a duel. The two men met on Putney Heath. Both missed with their first shots, but Castlereagh insisted on a second round and wounded Canning in the thigh, without doing him serious injury. There was a public scandal: duelling was against the law. Both men resigned, but both later returned to high office: Castlereagh’s career, which had been expiring, revived, while Canning ultimately, though briefly, became prime minister. Two officers in Napoleon’s army spent 19 years attempting to eliminate each other up in a series of duels that were always bloody but never lethal. Their dispute began in 1794 when Captain Dupont was ordered to stop Captain Fournier attending a party. Fournier took umbrage, challenged Dupont and thy fought the first of 17 duels. As the years passed, they drew up a contract. If they came within 100 miles of each other, they would fight, military duty alone excusing a duel. Such was their companionship in honour that on occasion they dined together before fighting. In the end, by 1813, General Dupont tired of fighting General Fournier. He also wished to marry. So he arranged an unusual duel in which they stalked one another in a forest, armed with two pistols. Dupont stuck his coat on a stick and tricked hi opponent into firing twice. Dupont spared Fournier’s life but told him that if they duelled again, he reserved the right to fire two bullets first from a few yards range. They never fought again. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables

Code: 23518

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SOLD. A Fabulous Rare Norman Early Crusader's Sword With Cross of Christ ✝️ Inlaid Blade Of The 1100’s AD

An original Norman Sword with undoubted Viking influences, (as the Normans were historically Viking) a Christian cross Inlay from the 12th-13th century, 1100's to 1200's. In Ewart Oakeshott’s 'Records of the Medieval Sword', out of 230 surviving examples inspected just 35 of them had crosses remaining on some part of the weapon. This works out to being approximately only 15% of the 230 swords counted and the majority of swords containing crosses seem to date prior to 1300. An iron double-edged sword of Petersen Type X and Oakeshott Type Xa, its tapering blade with narrow fullers and battle nicks to both edges, one side with copper cross of Christ inlay; wide guard of Oakeshott Style 1, sturdy tang and 'tea-cosy' form pommel. Fine condition throughout. Cross guard mobile. The 11th and 12th centuries the Norman knight was possibly the most feared warrior in Western Europe. He was descended originally from the Vikings who had settled in Northern France under their leader Rollo in or around 911 at the behest of Charles the Simple and throughout the following centuries they remembered and built on their warlike reputation. Their military prowess was renowned throughout the known world and resulted in Normans conquering Sicily in 1060 and England in 1066, as well as participating in many important battles in Italy and playing a major part in the First Crusade. Most historians consider the sermon preached by Pope Urban II at Clermont-Ferrand in November 1095 to have been the spark that fueled a wave of military campaigns to wrest the Holy Land from Muslim control. Considered at the time to be divinely sanctioned, these campaigns, involving often ruthless battles, are known as the Crusades. At their core was a desire for access to shrines associated with the life and ministry of Jesus, above all the Holy Sepulcher, the church in Jerusalem said to contain the tomb of Christ. Absolution from sin and eternal glory were promised to the Crusaders, who also hoped to gain land and wealth in the East. Nobles and peasants responded in great number to the call and marched across Europe to Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine empire. With the support of the Byzantine emperor, the knights, guided by Armenian Christians , tenuously marched to Jerusalem through Seljuq-controlled territories in modern Turkey and Syria. In June 1099, the Crusaders began a five-week siege of Jerusalem, which fell on July 15, 1099 . Eyewitness accounts attest to the terror of battle. Ralph of Caen, watching the city from the Mount of Olives, saw “the scurrying people, the fortified towers, the roused garrison, the men rushing to arms, the women in tears, the priests turned to their prayers, the streets ringing with cries, crashing, clanging and neighing.”
From a private family collection; previously acquired from a collection formed before 1990; thence by descent; accompanied by an archaeological report by the military specialist Dr. Raffaele Amato.
See Petersen, J., De Norske Vikingsverd, Oslo, 1919; Oakeshott, E., Records of the Medieval Sword, Woodbridge, 1991; Oakeshott,E., The sword in the Age of the Chivalry, Woodbridge, 1964 (1994); Gravett, C., Medieval Norman Knight, 950-1204 AD, London, 1993; Peirce, I., Swords of the Viking Age, Suffolk, 2002; practically identical guard and pommel of the sword from Hagerbakken (Petersen, 1919, fig.124).
Footnotes
This type usually presents a slender blade, generally long in proportion to the hilt with a narrow fuller running for much of the blade’s length to within a few inches of the point. The tea-cosy or Brazil-nut variants were the most popular forms of pommel for this typology, from the late 10th century onwards (Gravett, 1993, p.5). According to Petersen, this type was not originally of Nordic origin, even if some specimens were forged in the Nordic lands. The sword is found in such quantities that it exists not only over the whole of Nordic countries, but also over the whole of Central Europe. It was a common Germanic type in Central and Northern Europe during the century preceding the Crusades, and it was still the typical Norman sword of the 12th century. 1.2 kg, 33 3/4". Oakeshott co-founded the Arms and Armour Society in 1948 and his first publications are found in the Society's journals. Thus the Oakeshott legacy lives on through his books, articles, and through The Oakeshott Institute. One of the Institute's objectives is "To continue the research of Ewart Oakeshott into the study and classification of swords from the European context, improving our understanding of the materials, construction and stylistic development of these objects." The seminal study of the topic of Viking swords is due to Jan Petersen (De Norske Vikingsverd, 1919).

Petersen(1919): Devised the original hilt typology of 26 types that is still widely used across Europe for classifying and dating Viking swords. Based on about 1,700 finds of Viking swords in Norway this typology remains the most commonly used. Petersen's types are identified by capital letters A–Z. Petersen listed a total of 110 specimens found in Norway. Of these, 40 were double-edged, 67 were single-edged and 3 indeterminate The seminal study of the topic is due to Jan Petersen (De Norske Vikingsverd, 1919). Incredibly swords of this time, providing they stayed within the ancestral family of the knights for whom it was originally made in the 1100s, could still have been used up to and including the Battle of Agincourt in 1415. Sword design had not changed a great deal in that time and if an English knight had had a famous ancestor from several generations before using the sword, it is easily conceivable that he would continue to use it in combat into the 15 century. The Battle of Agincourt was a major English victory in the Hundred Years' War. The battle took place on 25 October 1415 (Saint Crispin's Day) in the County of Saint-Pol, Artois, some 40 km south of Calais. Along with the battles of Crécy (1346) and Poitiers (1356), it was one of the most important English triumphs in the conflict. England's victory at Agincourt against a numerically superior French army crippled France, and started a new period in the war during which the English began enjoying great military successes.

After several decades of relative peace, the English had renewed their war effort in 1415 amid the failure of negotiations with the French. In the ensuing campaign, many soldiers perished due to disease and the English numbers dwindled, but as they tried to withdraw to English-held Calais they found their path blocked by a considerably larger French army. Despite the disadvantage, the following battle ended in an overwhelming tactical victory for the English.

King Henry V of England led his troops into battle and participated in hand-to-hand fighting. The French king of the time, Charles VI, did not command the French army himself, as he suffered from severe psychotic illnesses with moderate mental incapacitation. Instead, the French were commanded by Constable Charles d'Albret and various prominent French noblemen of the Armagnac party.

This battle is notable for the use of the English longbow in very large numbers, with the English and Welsh archers forming up to 80 percent of Henry's army. The decimation of the French cavalry at their hands is regarded as an indicator of the decline of cavalry and the beginning of the dominance of ranged weapons on the battlefield.

Agincourt is one of England's most celebrated victories. The battle is the centrepiece of the play Henry V by Shakespeare. Juliet Barker in her book Agincourt: The King, the Campaign, the Battle ( published in 2005) argues the English and Welsh were outnumbered "at least four to one and possibly as much as six to one". She suggests figures of about 6,000 for the English and 36,000 for the French, based on the Gesta Henrici's figures of 5,000 archers and 900 men-at-arms for the English, and Jean de Wavrin's statement "that the French were six times more numerous than the English". The 2009 Encyclopædia Britannica uses the figures of about 6,000 for the English and 20,000 to 30,000 for the French. £13,500

Code: 23427

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SOLD Propaganda Book Ein Buch vom neuen Heer With Original Fly Cover.

Hauptmann Georg Haid
Ein Buch vom neuen Heer Franckh'sche Verlagshandlung, W.Keller & Co., Stuttgart
Hitler's new German Wehrmacht in words and pictures.176 pp. - Bound - Dimensions: 24 cm x 16.5 cm slight signs of wear. NSDAP office Schleswig Holstein dept. Named to owner. The position of Gauleiter of the NSDAP in Schleswig-Holstein was held by Hinrich Lohse from its establishment on 26 February 1925 throughout the history of the Gau, with the exception of a six-month period in 1932 when the office was held by Joachim Meyer-Quade. From 1941 onward Lohse was simultaneously in charge of the Reichskommissariat Ostland where he was responsible for the implementation of Nazi Germanization policies built on the foundations of the Generalplan Ost: The Nazi Party, officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP), was an extreme socialist political party in Germany active between 1920 and 1945, that created and supported the ideology of Nazism. Its precursor, the German Workers' Party (Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; DAP), existed from 1919 to 1920. The Nazi Party emerged from the German nationalist, racist and populist Freikorps paramilitary culture, which fought against the communist uprisings in post-World War I Germany. The party was created to draw workers away from communism and into völkisch nationalism. Initially, Nazi political strategy focused on anti-big business, anti-bourgeois, and anti-capitalist rhetoric, although this was later downplayed to gain the support of business leaders

Code: 23503

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SOLD WW2 German Propaganda Book. 'Advance' Colour photos by Heinz Schröter, with a foreword by Helmut Jahn

Complete edition in the original publisher's binding (stiff cover / paperback / cardboard cover 13.7 x 18.7 cm) with spine and cover title. About 60 uncounted pages, with many - partly double-sided - photo illustrations (war events during the western campaign in France and Belgium). The small WI series, published by the propaganda company of an army (WI = Western Front Illustrierte). - German / Third Reich, Greater Germany in World War II, illustrated books, warfare in National Socialism, Wehrmacht, western campaign in France, tank attack, German tank attack in the picture, soldiers on the enemy, German war experience, war photography, colour photography before 1945, Wehrmacht. In good condition (cover slight signs of wear,otherwise very good) Published in Paris in 1942. Sent to the staff office from the printers. The Personal Staff Reichsführer-SS (German: Hauptamt Persönlicher Stab Reichsführer-SS) was a main office of the SS which was established in 1933 by Heinrich Himmler to serve as a personal office coordinating various activities and projects subordinate to the Reichsführer-SS. n 1933, Karl Wolff came to the attention of Himmler who in June 1933, appointed Wolff his adjutant and made him chief of the office of his Personal Staff. Himmler also appointed Wolff the SS Liaison Officer to Hitler. As Himmler's principle adjutant and close associate, Wolff's daily activities involved overseeing Himmler's schedule and serving as a liaison with other SS offices and agencies. The office conveyed the wishes/interests of the Reichsführer to all branches, offices, and subordinated units within the SS. It also handled Himmler's personal correspondence and awarded decorations. Wolff managed Himmler's affairs with the Nazi Party, state agencies and personnel. Following the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich in 1942, Wolff fell out with Himmler and was replaced by Maximilian von Herff who served as its head until the end of the war.

Himmler also established several special project teams under the authority of his personal office. This included the staff of the Wewelsburg castle as well as the Ahnenerbe. This team of experts was interested in the anthropological and cultural history of the Aryan race. It conducted experiments and launched voyages with the intent of proving that prehistoric and mythological Nordic populations had once ruled the world.

Code: 23501

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SOLD Original German Book of The History of The Iron Cross 1813 to 1939. Das Eieserne Kreuz The Iron Cross

Bauch, Kurt: Published in Berlin in 1941, by Verlag von E.S. Mittler & Sohn. Berlin. A must have reference book in German for any collector of the world famous German Iron Cross. With fly leaf cover but perished down the spine cover, inner and outer. Thin cardboard hardback. Including quotes from the Kaiser and Adolf Hitler. The Iron Cross comes in two grades, Second Class and First Class. This example the Iron Cross First Class could only be awarded for an act of outstanding bravery and also to one who had previously received the Iron Cross Second Class. Hence, the First Class was more restricted and more highly prized. When the Iron Cross First Class was awarded, the Iron Cross Second Class was signified with a small ribbon attached to a button. Adolf Hitler was awarded this identical type of 1st Class Iron Cross in WW1, and always wore it throughout WW2 with pride. Next to the Victoria Cross, it is the most famous medal in the world. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other conspicuous military contributions in a battlefield environment. In order to receive the Iron Cross 1st Class Heer and Waffen SS men would have to perform three to four further acts of courage from the one that earned him the 2nd Class; The Luftwaffe and Kriegsmarine had the following criteria; the award was regularly awarded to U-boat Commanders upon sinking 50,000 tons and to Luftwaffe pilots when they achieved six or seven confirmed
kills; Of course these were only guidelines, and a single act of great importance or a long steady career could earn the individual the Cross. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: When in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar. For everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button.
The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening toward the ends, similar to a cross patt?e. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century.

Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented.

Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year "1914", while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated "1939". The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year "1813" appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials "FW" for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a "W" for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross patt?e), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany's armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871.

Code: 23500

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Part of the Wreckage from The Very First German Plane Shot Down by RAF in WW2

The second and last of two parts we acquired. The first piece sold just recently. Amazing significant historical artefact from the very beginning of WW2. Recovered by an aeronautical archaeologist who has appeared in several British television documentary series, from the wreckage of the very first plane shot down by the RAF since 1918, at the start of WW2. This piece was permitted to be kept by the archaeologist with permission from the relevant official authorities. Aeronautical alloy from The Dornier Do17p, The first German aircraft shot down over France during the war. It was this Dornier Do 17P of 2(F)123, brought down by Pilot Officer Mould's Hawker Hurricane of No. 1 Squadron RAF on 30 October 1939. The Dornier, Wrk Nr. 4414, constructed at Blohm & Voss, crashed near Vassincourt, killing all three of its crew, Hauptmann Balduin von Norman, Oberleutnant Hermann Heisterberg and Feldwebel Friedrich Pfeuffer. Pilot Officer Peter Mould scored the squadron?s first kill when he downed a Dornier DO17 engaged in a high-level reconnaissance flight. The combat report indicated that the Dornier ?appeared to have been taken by surprise as no evasive tactics were employed and no fire was encountered by PO Mould.? In the tradition of their forebearers of the Royal Flying Corps, the squadron took souvenirs from the crash site near Toul, and celebrated the victory in style. Mould, though, was sobered on seeing the wreckage, and confessed to Paul Richey that he was ?bloody sorry I went and looked at the wreck. What gets me down is thought that I did it.? ?30/10/39 Local patrol maintained throughout the day. At 14:30 hrs three enemy aircraft were seen at a high altitude over the aerodrome. The aerodrome defence section immediately took off in pursuit and one of the raiders was overtaken at 18,000ft ten miles west of Toul and shot down by P/O Mould. The other two escaped in cloud. The enemy shot down was a Dornier and appeared to have been taken by surprise as no evasive tactics were employed and no fire was encountered by P/O Mould? Fellow No 1 Sqn pilots P/O Paul Richey and Sgt Soper took off in pursuit of the Dornier, but to no avail, and after a fruitless 15 minute search they returned to Vassincourt. Peter 'Boy' Mould had just finished refueling after a patrol when the German flew over, he took off immediately and using the supercharger override climbed to 18,000ft where caught up with his victim as Paul Richey recounted in his famous book, ?Fighter Pilot? ?He did an ordinary straight astern attack, and fired one longish burst with his sights starting above the Dornier and moving slowly round the fuselage. The Hun caught fire immediately, went into a vertical spiral, and eventually made a large hole in the French countryside. It exploded on striking the ground, and there were no survivors. The remains of a gun from the machine, together with a bullet-holed oxygen bottle now adorned our Mess.? The Dornier Do17P, a twin camera equipped photo-reconnaissance aircraft from 2(F)123, was destroyed in the crash. All three of the crew were killed. Hauptmann Balduin von Norman und Audenhove, Oberleutnant Hermann Heisterbergk and Feldwebel Friedrich Pfeuffer were buried locally by the French. They were later reinterred in a common grave in the German military cemetery at Andilly. 2(F)123 were based at W?zburg under the direct command of Luftflotte 3; Von Normann led the unit of 12 aircraft until his death in the crash. The location of the crash site is Traveron, a very small hamlet on the Meuse in Eastern France, about 20 miles South West of Nancy. Annexed to Sauvigny. This item is certified with a lifetime guarantee of authenticity. It was one of two pieces we acquired from the aeronautical archaeologist from the initial dig recovery. 16.25 inches x 4.75 inches

Code: 23487

395.00 GBP

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SOLD. A Very Good Early WW1 Issue 1908 Pattern British Cavalry Trooper's Sword With Original Camouflage Paint

Made by Wilkinson Sword. With its latest inspection ordnance stamp, Enfield 1915. Excellent bright blade in superb condition. Hilt with traces of original regimental stampings on the inner guard. We believe they are for the 6th Dragoon Guards, 'the Carabiniers' but they are partially obscured beneath camouflage paint and we are loathe to remove it. First World War
In August 1914, the 6th D.G, deployed to France as part of the British Expeditionary Force. It served throughout the First World War (1914-18) on the Western Front, fighting in many engagements in both a mounted and infantry role. These included Mons (1914), the Marne (1914), the first two battles of Ypres (1914 and 1915), the Somme (1916), Arras (1917), Cambrai (1917) and Amiens (1918). 6 DG remained as mounted cavalry throughout the war, but there were occasions, notably during March/April 1918, when they did duty in the trenches or helped stem an attack. For these occasions they were dismounted temporarily. An original sword as can be seen used to incredible effect in the magnificent epic, by Steven Spielberg, 'Warhorse'. An antique original issue trooper's sword with full ordnance markings, used in the frontline British cavalry regiments during WW1. With original camouflage. The current Cavalry pattern used by all forms of the current British Cavalry. Considered to be the best designed cavalry sword ever made. In exceptionally good condition, a superb collector's item from the finest cavalry in the world. Painted steel basket, excellent steel blade and original Wilkinson Sword combat service camouflage painted steel scabbard, traditional service issue hardened rubber grip with crosshatching. Early in WW1, cavalry skirmishes occurred on several fronts, and horse-mounted troops were widely used for reconnaissance. Britain's cavalry were trained to fight both on foot and mounted, but most other European cavalry still relied on the shock tactic of mounted charges. There were isolated instances of successful shock combat on the Western Front, where cavalry divisions also provided important mobile fire-power. Beginning in 1917, cavalry was deployed alongside tanks and aircraft, notably at the Battle of Cambrai, where cavalry was expected to exploit breakthroughs in the lines that the slower tanks could not. At Cambrai, troops from Great Britain, Canada, India and Germany participated in mounted actions. Cavalry was still deployed late in the war, with Allied cavalry troops harassing retreating German forces in 1918 during the Hundred Days Offensive, when horses and tanks continued to be used in the same battles. In comparison to their limited usefulness on the Western Front, "cavalry was literally indispensable" on the Eastern front and in the Middle East. It had a considerable amount of long term storage gloop covering all its metal surface but it has spent 3 weeks in the conservation workshop to gently remove the outer detritus but leave the original hand applied WW1 trench warfare camouflage paint [now slightly darker with age]. AYO

Code: 23475

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SOLD A Beautiful Early 19th Century Brass Cannon Barrel Blunderbuss Pistol With Spring Loaded Bayonet

A continental all brass blunderbuss cannon barrel, percussion lock with a very nice and crisp action, springloaded three sided bayonet with trigger guard release. Boxlock action with fine engraving. Finely carved walnut grip with a shell and fishscales design. Ship's Captains found such impressive guns so desireable as they had two prime functions to clear the decks with one shot, and the knowledge to an assailant that the pistol had the capability to achieve such a result. In the 18th and 19th century mutiny was a common fear for all commanders, and not a rare as one might imagine. The Capt. Could keep about his person or locked in his gun cabinet in his quarters a gun just as this. The barrel could be loaded with single ball or swan shot, ball twice as large as normal shot, that when discharged at close quarter could be devastating, and terrifyingly effective. Potentially taken out four or five assailants at once. The muzzle was swamped like a cannon for two reasons, the first for ease of rapid loading, the second for intimidation. There is a very persuasive psychological point to the size of this gun's muzzle, as any person or persons facing it could not fail to fear the consequences of it's discharge, and the act of surrender or retreat in the face of an well armed blunderbuss could be a happy and desirable result for all parties concerned. However, this gun also has the rarely seen feature of a spring loaded bayonet, that could double it's effectiveness by threat or action. In 1807, Reverend Alexander Forsyth invented the percussion system which rapidly eclipsed the flintlock. One of the great virtues of the percussion design was that pistols could be manufactured to any size, even very small pieces were easily stowed in a pocket. As the century progressed, the larger and longer-barrelled guns became more and more refined until they were the most popular designs of pocket pistol. Some very small types were known as “muff pistols”,as they were made especially for ladies, to conceal in their hand-muffs, from which the gun could easily be drawn to stop any villain in his tracks.

The caplock system was also much simpler than the flintlock mechanism, with fewer parts, making the overall contour smoother and less likely to catch and tear a pocket or leave the owner struggling to free the gun while his target gets away. Gunmakers all over the world jumped at the opportunity to meet the supply for the ever-growing demand, however the versions made with spring loaded bayonets such as this were less than one in a thousand. Approx 12 inches long with bayonet extended.

Code: 23474

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Now Sold. A Superb Japanese Antique Kwaiken Aikuchi Tanto With Koto Blade

Kwaiken tantō carried and used by both men and women in the samurai era: in black lacquer aikuchi fittings with polished cabouchon amber menuki, and a gilt and copper saya mount of a flowering bean. The blade has around 90% original Edo polish, good early tang indicating it is many hundreds of years old, with a single mekugi ana and a very fine silver habaki incised with a raindrop pattern. The kuaiken (also kwaiken or futokoro-gatana) is a generally short tantō that is commonly carried in aikuchi or shirasaya mounts. It was useful for self-defense indoors where the long katana and intermediate wakizashi were inconvenient. A Kaiken or Kwaiken is also called futokoro-gatana which translates as “purse sword” or “pocket sword”. It is a tanto without overtly ornamental fittings, usually housed in relatively plain mounts. It is kept hidden in the sleeve or within the kimono. It was carried by both men and women, and samurai-class women were expected to carry one. A kaiken used by a lady in Japan is more likely to be for defense rather than suicide. A well brought up lady may only commit suicide if her honour is otherwise not going to remain intact (to avoid capture or worse]. The female form of seppuku is called Jigai. Ladies don’t disembowel themselves, they cut the carotid artery. Women carried them in the obi for self-defense and rarely for jigai (ritual suicide). A woman received a kaiken as part of her wedding gifts usually from her father in a special ceremony. This is one of the nicest and beautiful early examples we have seen in a long time. Overall 11.25 inches long, blade 7 inches long

Code: 23473

1695.00 GBP

Archived


Fabulous, Historical, Princely Rifle of the Counts von Stauffenberg, from the Family Armoury and Castle of Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, Chief Conspirator of the Attempted Assassination of Hitler in 1944, Featured in Valkyrie, Starring Tom Cruise

From the personal estate of Colonel Von Stauffenberg’s family, formerly housed in Col. Von Stauffenberg’s family castle, Schloss Greifenstein. This fabulous rifle was from the historic armoury of the beautiful castle, Schloss Greifenstein, near Heiligenstadt in Upper Franconia, seat of the von Schenk family, the Counts von Stauffenberg. Originally sold through Sotheby’s London, on the 10 July 2002
The castle came into the ownership of the Counts Schenk von Stauffenberg in 1691, it having been ceded to Prince-Bishop Marquard Sebastian Schenk von Stauffenberg, Bishop of Bamberg (1644-1695). Within recent history, last owned by the late Otto Philipp, Count von Stauffenberg, who died in 2015, and was the nephew to Colonel Claus and Berthold Schenk von Stauffenberg, the leaders of the failed plot to assassinate Hitler in July 1944.
Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, was brilliantly portrayed in the movie ‘Valkyrie’ by Tom Cruise some few recent years ago. It was the gripping, and true life historical story of the failed assassination attempt and coup against Adolf Hitler, and his beloved SS, that resulted in the colonel’s execution, along with thousands of his co-conspirators, including his brother Berthold Von Stauffenberg, who were despatched in the most unpleasant manner.

It was made for his [the Colonel’s] ancestor in around 1740. The Colonel stayed and lived in the castle for a period when he was not on military campaigns around war torn Europe, and Col Von Stauffenberg’s bronze bust is still displayed with deserved pride, within the castle. This rifle was for the use of all the counts Von Stauffenberg, including the executed colonel and his brother, for hunting on the family castle estate. It is truly of fabulous quality, and in superb condition. The Counts Schenk von Stauffenberg. This is a finest princely quality German flintlock sporting rifle that was bespoke commissioned in circa 1740, for count Von Stauffenberg. It has a half octagonal and half round swamped barrel, showing most attractive hand cut lands at the muzzle, half stocked, that is beautifully carved in the rococo florid Chinoiserie manner, it has a most beautiful polished steel lock that is stunningly and deeply, chisel engraved, with hounds, stag and rococo foliage against a punched ground, in the finest quality manner, with matching fully engraved brass mounts, including the buttcap with dragon and foliage, trigger guard with raised finger rest, pierced foliate sideplate with a grotesque mask. The stock is also carved with a side cheekpiece, and a horn tipped fore-end and sliding patch box. Barrel 101cms, overall 141cms. Preserved in most fine condition. Provenance: From the Armoury of the The Counts Schenk von Stauffenberg; Sotheby’s, 2002 Colonel Claus Graf Schenk von Stauffenberg was part of the failed bomb attempt on Hitler’s life 20th July 1944, and was executed by firing squad. Stauffenberg is ordered to assassinate both Hitler and Himmler at the Wolf's Lair. He persuades General Fellgiebel to cut off communications after the attempt. On July 15, 1944, Stauffenberg attends a strategy meeting at the Wolf's Lair with a bomb, but does not receive permission to proceed as Himmler is absent. Meanwhile, the Reserve Army is mobilized by Olbricht. Stauffenberg leaves with the bomb and the Reserve Army is ordered to stand down. Fromm threatens Olbricht and Stauffenberg that he will arrest them if they try to control the Reserve Army again; Stauffenberg berates the plotters for their indecisiveness and condemns Goerdeler. When Goerdeler demands that Stauffenberg be relieved, Beck informs him that the SS has issued a warrant for his arrest, and that he must leave the country immediately.

On July 20, 1944, Stauffenberg and his adjutant Lieutenant Haeften return to the Wolf's Lair. Due to the warm weather, the conference is being held in an open-window summer barrack, minimizing their bomb's potential effectiveness. Stauffenberg places the briefcase containing the bomb close to Hitler before leaving. Officer Heinz Brandt moves the case behind a table leg, inadvertently shielding Hitler. When the bomb explodes, Stauffenberg is certain that Hitler is dead and flees, managing to bluff his way past security checkpoints and returning to Berlin.

Olbricht refuses to mobilize the Reserve Army without confirmation that Hitler is dead – Colonel Von Quirnheim (one of the plotters) forges his signature and issues the orders. With Valkyrie underway, the plotters order the arrest of Nazi party leaders and SS officers, convincing lower officers that the Party and the SS are staging a coup, and soldiers begin to take control of the ministries. Rumors surface that Hitler survived the blast, but Stauffenberg dismisses them as SS propaganda. Having learned from Field Marshal Keitel that Hitler is still alive, Fromm refuses to join the plotters, resulting in them detaining him.

Major Otto Ernst Remer of the Reserve Army prepares to arrest Goebbels, but is stopped when Goebbels connects him by phone to Hitler. Recognizing the voice on the other end, Remer realizes that the Reserve Army has been duped. SS officers are released and the plotters are besieged inside the Bendlerblock. The headquarters staff flees, but the resistance leaders are arrested. Attempting to save himself, Fromm convenes an impromptu court martial, places Beck under arrest, and sentences Von Quirnheim, Olbricht, Haeften, and Stauffenberg to death. The ringleaders are executed by firing squad, Beck is given a pistol and commits suicide and Tresckow commits suicide in a forest by holding a grenade to his throat, Witzleben and Goerdeler are sentenced by Roland Freisler in show trials and hanged. A rifle of this exceptional quality and beauty, to be bespoke made today, by one of the few remaining finest gunsmiths in Europe, such as Purdy of London, would likely be in excess of £120,000 to £200,000 .

Code: 23463

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